Media Mining Digest 171 – Feb 20, 2015: African Filmmaker Kasujja, Agriculture Subsidies, Alzheimer’s Prevention, Appalachian Coal Mining, Atul Gawande, Beer History, Bread Making, Cisco Take on Future, Climate Change Snow, Cruelty Solution, Cybersecurity, Dating, Dating Science, Debtor Prisons, Drunken Botanist, Dry Farming Wine, Egyptian Justice, Engine Cooling, Extreme Weather, Farm Innovation, Female Talent, First Nations Sorrows, Forest Management, Freakonomics, Glasgow’s Digital Creativity, Harper Lee, Hubble and Humason, Human Upgrade, Hybrid Car History, Immigrant Skills, Indian Classics, Indian Growth, ISIS Control, Jail Use, Lead and Aggression, Learning Tips, Love, Lysosome Biology, Maidan Killings, March: Book Two, Marijuana Business, Miami, Minimum Wage, Mountain Connect, Nuclear Threat, Opiate Addiction, Paleo Diet Help, Patient Spotlight, Polar People, Police Issues, Poverty Fixes, Prison Gangs, PTSD Issues, Ralph Nader, Robert Reich, Sal Khan, Science History, SEAL Training, Senior Cohousing, Shepherd Center, Sky Color, Smart TV’s, Stalin Archives, Syrian War, Terrorism Solutions, Tolerance, Truth Spin, Turing Book, Vaccination Regulation, Visualizing Molecular Structures, War Unending, Women at Work

The following audio files come from a larger group of 182 for the week. Double or ctrl-click individual highlighted links, below, to get single podcasts.  A zip file of all 75 podcasts converted to 1.5x speed will download here for four months. Older groups of podcasts are discussed at the end of this episode.

African Filmmaker Kasujja 27 mins – “My Africa offers a series of inspiring snapshots of a continent working towards future prosperity. As part of the BBC’s Richer World season, Alan Kasujja travels to three countries in his native east Africa to meet young Africans determined to build a better future.” At the link find the title, “DocArchive: My Africa – Uganda,” right-click “Media files docarchive_20150210-0315b.mp3” and select “SaveLink As” from the pop-up menu.

Agriculture Subsidies 69 mins – “Daniel Sumner of the University of California talks with EconTalk host Russ Roberts about agricultural subsidies in the United States, the winners and losers from those subsidies, and how the structure of subsidies has changed from the New Deal to the present. Sumner also explains how American policies have affected foreign farmers. “ At the link right-click ‘Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Alzheimer’s Prevention 57 mins – “Patricia Renaut Spilman, M.S., Senior Scientist, Buck Institute As a growing portion of the American population ages into its golden years, there will inevitably be a greater number of those suffering from Alzheimer’s, a degenerative disease for which there is currently no effective reversing treatment. At the forefront of the effort to find a breakthrough cure is the Buck Institute for Research on Aging in Novato, CA, a facility dedicated to confronting Alzheimer’s and other chronic age-related illnesses. While researchers continue to press for a reversing process, all of us can make health and lifestyle changes that greatly reduce the chance of developing this devastating disease. Spilman, a senior scientist at the Buck Institute, will share with us proactive “healthstyle” choices that encourage a healthy mind and body far into one’s later years, choices that encourage a healthy mind and body far into one’s later years.” At the link right-click “Play Now” and select “Save link As” from the pop-up menu.

Appalachian Coal Mining 56 mins – “Gilomen and Rubin discuss their new film, Mine, based on the mining practices and impacts on local ecologies and communities in Appalachia. Gilomen and Rubin’s precedent-setting documentary is about families and the decisions they must make to preserve their generational lands and survive economically.  Gilomen and Rubin will also discuss recent action by the EPA to place holds on permits for mountaintop coal mining.” At the link right-click “Play Now” and select “Save link As” from the pop-up menu.

Atul Gawande 65 mins – “Atul Gawande, Author, The Checklist Manifesto and Being Mortal: Medicine and What Matters in the End; Staff Writer, The New Yorker; Professor, Harvard Medical School, Harvard School of Public Health. Gawande tackles the question of how medicine can not only improve life but also the process of its ending. Modern medicine, dedicated to prolonging life, inevitably runs counter to the natural condition of aging and death. Nursing homes, hospitals and doctors, in the process of provide the aging and dying with the best care, continue to pin patients to railed beds and carry out devastating procedures that ultimately extend suffering. A practicing surgeon and MacArthur fellow, Gawande addresses his profession’s ultimate limitation, arguing that quality of life is the desired goal for patients and families. Gawande offers examples of more socially fulfilling models for assisting the infirm and dependent elderly, and he explores the varieties of hospice care to demonstrate that a person’s last weeks or months may be rich and dignified. Gawande asserts that medicine can comfort and enhance our experience even to the end, providing not only a good life but also a good end.” At the link right-click “Play Now” and select “Save link As” from the pop-up menu.

Beer History 64 mins -“Ever wonder when the first beer was brewed? Or, better yet, how it tasted? In his latest book, The Brewer’s Tale, home-brewer and beer critic William Bostwick uncovers the stories of brewers past – the unknown recipes, the odd ingredients, and the long-lost flavors – telling a history of the world through the eyes of brewers throughout the centuries. Join Bostwick as he celebrates the beers of ages past and raise a glass to the fermented magic we all know and love.” At the link right-click “Play Now” and select “Save link As” from the pop-up menu.

Bread Making 42 mins -“In this discussion, journalist Fromartz and renowned baker Robertson will delve deep into bread, attempting to define a great loaf and what it takes to make it. Fromartz, a home baker for more than 17 years, traveled through the U.S. and to Europe to meet bakers, millers and sourdough microbiologists and translate their lessons to his kitchen. Robertson, the owner of Tartine Bakery, travelled to countries, including Denmark, bringing a new understanding of whole grain loaves into his repertoire. The two will riff off themes in Fromartz’s book, touching on everything from the art of fermentation to the craft of the baker.” Samuel Fromartz, Author, In Search of the Perfect Loaf: A Home Baker’s Odyssey; Blogger, ChewsWise; Twitter @fromartz, In conversation with Chad Robertson, owner Tartine, Bar Tartine; Author, Tartine Book No. 3: Modern, Ancient, Classic, Whole; Twitter @tartinebaker.” At the link right-click “Play Now” and select “Save link as” from the pop-up menu.

Cisco Take on Future 63 mins – “Today’s innovation and success landscape is much different than just 10 years ago. Major technology trends are converging and shaping how we live, how we work, how we learn and how we play. In turn, there are business imperatives that result and Warrior says that only those who can encourage and ride this wave of ongoing innovation will thrive. Join Padmasree Warrior to talk about the future of technology and the opportunities that result for businesses, governments and education. It’s an era of the Internet of Everything with $14.4 trillion of value at stake – how will you realize the value?” At the link right-click “Play Now” and select “Save link As” from the pop-up menu.

Climate Change Snow 3 mins – “I haven’t told my 5-year-old daughter about global warming. There are some obvious reasons for that but one purely practical one is that she’d just be damn confused. Especially these last couple of weeks. The snowbanks outside our house in Boston right now are high enough for her to climb up into our cherry tree and sled down onto the sidewalk. How would she square that with her dad telling her the world is warming up? And it’s not just confusing to five year-olds. The unrelenting blasts of snow that have hit Boston over the past few weeks are enough to give even those most well-schooled in climate science a bad case of cognitive dissonance. Distilled into a Tweet, the question might simply be, “WTF?’” At the link right-click the play button beside “Listen” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Cruelty Solution 72 mins – “Monday Night Philosophy explains the sources of cruelty and how deeply embedded they are in our personal pursuit of happiness. This starkly clear understanding of how and why we have an unnecessary and counter-productive fondness for inflicting pain on others also demonstrates that it is in your own self-interest to transcend this destructive (and self-destructive) desire and to learn how to disarm and dissuade others from being cruel to you.” At the link right-click “Play Now” and select “Save link As” from the pop-up menu.

Cybersecurity 52 mins – “President Barack Obama will meet with business leaders in California later this week to discuss new efforts to boost cyber security. Recent high profile attacks on Anthem Health Insurance and Sony underscore the ongoing risks to both U.S. consumers and companies. Some say government strategy should be more forceful, but others argue “offensive” action against perpetrators could have unintended and negative consequences. A look at how cyber security threats are shifting and new efforts to reduce the risks.” At the link you can listen, but not download; however, a copy is included in the blog archive.

Dating 18 mins – “…Online dating makes the whole thing easier, or at least, it’s supposed to. It presents users with a multitude of options: bearded hipsters, guys who go kayaking, nurses who are totally over drama, and countless more. So you evaluate people based on your exact specifications, fill out quizzes and tests to find matches, swipe left or right based on someone’s picture – all to find love. But all this searching doesn’t just get you a date to sip overpriced cocktails with, it also says something about you….” At the link click “Download” and select “Save File” from the pop-up menu.

Dating Science 13 mins – “Neuroscientist Indre Viskontas and her friends turn to science to find the right way to date. Indre Viskontas is a neuroscientist and opera singer. She is also the host of Inquiring Minds, an in-depth exploration of the place where science, politics, and society collide.” At the link click “Download” and select “Save File” from the pop-up menu.

Debtor Prisons 46 mins – “Six months ago this week, Michael Brown was shot dead in Ferguson, Missouri.  Around the world, people wondered at the depth of anger and frustration that poured into Ferguson’s streets.  There are many strands to follow.  One goes to the municipal courts around St. Louis.  They are major money-makers for little cities like Ferguson.  Traffic fees and fines on many who are black and poor.  Jail time.  Lost jobs.  A sense of systematic oppression.  Debtors’ prison.  Now there’s reform talk.  It’s a national issue.” At the link right-click “Download this story” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Drunken Botanist 65 mins – “Amy Stewart, Author, The Drunken Botanist: The Plants That Create the World’s Great Drinks — Wondering how to enhance your garden and become a better bartender? Enter Amy Stewart, New York Times best-selling author of Wicked Bugs, Wicked Plants and, most recently, The Drunken Botanist, a guide to the most interesting, unusual and delicious herbs, flowers, trees, fruits and fungi that have helped create the world’s most intoxicating spirits. Join Amy as she blends together one part science, one part history and just a splash of mixology to explore the fascinating world of botany and booze – with a few gardening tips and drink recipes along the way..” At the link right-click “Play Now” and select “Save link As” from the pop-up menu.

Dry Farming Wine 69 mins -“Join us for a panel discussion to learn first-hand from wine growers the history of dry farming to produce quality grapes. Dry farming refers to growing wine grapes without irrigation, instead using residual moisture from the rainy season to sustain them through the dry season. It has had a long history of use, particularly in the Mediterranean region. Prior to the 1970s, dry farming was standard practice in premium wine regions in California as well, but fell out of favor with the invention of drip irrigation. Today, there are still dry-farmed vineyards across the state, and growers agree: dry farming produces quality wine. Learn how this time-tested growing method produces top-quality wines and promotes environmental and water stewardship. At the link right-click “Play Now” and select “Save link As” from the pop-up menu.

Egyptian Justice 27 mins – “Claire Read has spent the last six months following a court case in Egypt and trying to get to grips with how the country’s justice system operates under the government of President Sisi.” At the link find the title, “DocArchive: Egypt – Searching for Justice,” right-click “Media files docarchive_20150211-1501a.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Engine Cooling 4 mins – “…Let’s imagine that we’re late 19th-century engineers and we’ve just created a new internal combustion engine. So: how to cool the cylinders? The temperature reaches, maybe, 3000 degrees Fahrenheit inside them. They’ll be ruined if we don’t cool them. We can put cooling fins on them, then force cool air to flow around them. Or we can jacket the cylinders and force cool water through the jacket. That gives better cooling but the water’s hot when it leaves the jacket. Now we need a radiator to cool it before it recirculates. (Ah, this world of engineering compromise!)….” At the link right-click “Click here for audio…” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Extreme Weather 49 mins – “Winter storms, now costing the economy billions. Summer storms, too. And spring. And fall. And drought. We’ll look at the economics of extreme weather. Epic snows in my backyard lately, in Boston.  Six feet-plus in a month, and it’s still coming.  The most ever recorded coming down that fast.  It’s been paralyzing.  And very costly.  Exposing all kinds of infrastructure problems you would never think of on a gentle day in May.  That’s what extreme weather does, whether it’s blizzard or drought or hurricane or deluge.  Paralyzes.  Costs a lot.  And can take apart an economy.  Now American business is paying attention.  To climate change.  This hour On Point:  extreme weather and its mounting consequences for the economic bottom line.” At the link right-click “Download this story” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Farm Innovation 17 mins – “What if human consciousness isn’t the end-all and be-all of Darwinism? What if we are all just pawns in corn’s clever strategy game to rule the Earth? Author Michael Pollan asks us to see the world from a plant’s-eye view.“ At the link click “Download,” then right-click “Download Audio” (or video) and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Female Talent 43 mins – “Tiffani Lennon – Are women better? Although we like to think that we are an equal opportunity economy, the glass ceiling still very much exists.  As a matter of fact, in 2011, women ran only 12 of the Fortune 500 companies. So how does this impact our ability to compete in a global environment? If women aren’t given an equal chance to succeed, aren’t we missing out on half of the talented people in the country? As a matter of fact, it’s worse than that. According to our guest this week, the data shows that women are outperforming men across the board – and it’s time we recognize them for it. This week we speak with Tiffani Lennon, author of the new book, Recognizing Women’s Leadership: Strategies and Best Practices for Employing Excellence.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

First Nations Sorrows 54 mins – “In the wake of the Idle No More protest movement, John Ralston Saul decided to write a book about Canada’s difficult relationship with the First Nations. Paul Kennedy explores the thesis with Saul and Hayden King of Ryerson University.” At the link find the title, “The Comeback,” right-click “Media files ideas_20150210_36182.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Forest Management 60 mins – “Frank welcomes guest Carlton Owen of the US Endowment for Forestry and Communities. With 30% of the United States in forest, and many of those forests suffering from decades of fire suppression, insect attacks, and drought, the need has never been greater for the creation of markets for small diameter wood products. Carlton explains the efforts of the US Endowment to help develop these markets, with a particular focus on wood biomass energy. He explains the reason why the market seems dominated largely by government projects, and breaks down the nature of the economic “valley of death” the industry currently finds itself in. He concludes with a call for a new method for collaboration to prevent the loss of large extensions of land and wood resources to catastrophic wildfire.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Freakonomics 64 mins – “Steven Levitt, Author, Think Like a Freak, Freakonomics and SuperFreakonomics; Stephen Dubner, Author, Think Like a Freak, Freakonomics and SuperFreakonomics. In conversation with Kishore Hari, Director, Bay Area Science Festival – Now, it’s time for you to think like a “freak.” Levitt and Dubner’s newest masterpiece helps us get wacky to analyze the decisions we make, the plans we create and even the morals we chose. Get freaky – and these statistic gurus will teach you how to make smarter, harder and better decisions. With practical insights from “The Upside of Quitting” to “How to Succeed – With No Talent,” Levitt and Dubner have again turned our brains inside out and made statistics sexy. There’s a hidden side to everything.” At the link right-click “Play Now” and select “Save link As” from the pop-up menu.

Glasgow’s Digital Creativity 48 mins – “A report on how technology is making Glasgow smarter and healthier.” At the link find the title, “DigitalP: Glasgow’s Digital Creativity,” right-click “Media files digitalp_20150210-2115a.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Harper Lee 51 mins – “The novel “To Kill a Mockingbird” by Harper Lee came out in 1960. It won a Pulitzer Prize and was made into a major Hollywood movie. The book has sold more than 40 million copies worldwide and is still taught in classrooms across America. But author Harper Lee faded into the background, never publishing another novel — until now. Last week, word of a newly discovered manuscript, to be published in July, became the biggest literary story in some time. Questions quickly followed about the reclusive 88-year-old author’s health and the role of her lawyer and publishing company. We explore the intrigue over Harper Lee’s first novel in more than a half century.” At the link you can listen, but not download; however, a copy is included in the blog archive.

Hubble and Humason 4 mins – “…Edwin Hubble is without question one of the most famous astronomers in history. With stellar credentials from the University of Chicago, Hubble not only discovered the universe is expanding — leading to the Big Bang Theory — but he quantified the rate of expansion through a law that bears his name. Today, however, we don’t focus our sights on the luminary Hubble, but instead on his collaborator, Milton Humason. …” At the link right-click “Click here for audio…” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Human Upgrade 47 mins – “Humans – homo sapiens – rule the world.  For better or worse, some might say.  My guest today looks at how that happened – why – and where we’re headed next.  It’s us and not others, he says, because of our affinity for myth-making and stories.  We buy into big ideas that bind us together and have given us power.  Religion.  Money.  Nation states.  Now that power may threaten the planet.  But evolution isn’t over.  Homo sapiens may be in their last few hundred years, he says.  Ready to merge with machines.  This hour On Point:  historian Yuval Noah Harari on the rise and maybe end of us, homo sapiens .” At the link right-click “Download this story” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Hybrid Car History 4 mins – “…Auto makers had been considering hybrid cars from the beginning. The one in my book is the 1917 Dual Power car built by the Woods Motor Vehicle Company. Both the engine and brakes drove an electric generator that charged batteries. The batteries could either supplement the modest 12-horsepower engine at higher speeds, or they could power the car by themselves….” At the link right-click “Click here for audio…” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Immigrant Skills 91 mins – “This Migration Policy Institute event marks the launch of the report Through an Immigrant Lens: PIAAC Assessment of the Competencies of Adults in the United States, which uses data from the 2012 Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) to describe the literacy, numeracy, and computer skills of adults in the United States, including both immigrants and the native born. Report authors Jeanne Batalova and Michael Fix of MPI present their findings and discuss what their analysis reveals about the literacy of the first- and second-generation immigrant population in the United States, the U.S. education and workforce training system, and the implications for the future of the U.S. labor market and its role in the global economy. Panelists Demetra Smith Nightingale of the U.S. Department of Labor and Andy Van Kleunen of the National Skills Coalition present commentaries setting the results in the context of the United States workforce and education policies. Finally, MPI’s Demetrios G. Papademetriou sets the results in the global context.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Indian Classics 47 mins – “Talk of the classics, classical literature, and minds quickly go to ancient Greece and Rome.  To Greek and Latin.  Homer and Virgil.  But there are other, giant classical traditions, of course.  One of the greatest, out of India.  Essentially unknown in the West until 200 years ago.  Its surface still barely scratched in English translation.  A huge new project aims to change that, with 500 new volumes.  The first five are out.  It’s a different setting:  elephants, blood rice, moonbirds.  And a different way of seeing human life.  This hour On Point: we’re dipping into the new Murty Classical Library of India.” At the link right-click “Download this story” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Indian Growth 66 mins – “Gurcharan Das, Columnist, The Times of India; Contributor, The New York Times; Author, India Grows at Night, in conversation with Lata Krishnan, Chair, American India Foundation – How could a nation become the world’s second fastest growing economy despite a weak, flailing state? Its recent economic slowdown is a sign that India may have begun to experience the limits of growing at “night” – private growth outside the scope of government involvement. What India needs, Das says, is a strong liberal state. Such a state would have the authority to take quick, decisive action; it would have the rule of law to ensure those actions are legitimate; and finally, it would be accountable to the people. But achieving this will not be easy, says Das, because India has historically had a weak state and a strong society.” At the link right-click “Play Now” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

ISIS Control 45 mins – “Barack Obama has directed nearly 2000 US airstrikes against the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria over the last six months.  Now, he wants formal Congressional authorization.  War powers.  What should Congress give him?  The White House request says no “enduring offensive ground operations.”  It imposes a three-year limit on the green light.  But what is the right thing here?  More, say Washington hawks.  No holds barred to get ISIS.  Less, say skeptics.  War is not working.  It may be the problem. This hour On Point:  the war powers request, and what’s needed to deal with the Islamic State.” At the link right-click “Download this story” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Jail Use 52 mins – “While convicted criminals are usually sent to do their time in prisons, U.S. jails are typically for those awaiting trial, and those who have been deemed dangerous or a flight risk. But according to a new report, U.S. jails have today become overcrowded warehouses for vulnerable members of society. Many are too poor to post bail, or are suffering from mental illness or addiction. Nearly 75 percent of those in jail are there for non-violent crimes, some as minor as traffic violations. Now there are new calls to re-think who we put in our jails, and how long we keep them there. A conversation about reforming our local criminal justice systems.” At the link you can listen, but not download; however, a copy is included in the blog archive.

Lead and Aggression 28 mins – “Could lead exposure in childhood lead to an adult life marked by violent crime? In the latter half of the 20th century, violent crime soared in many countries. Recent research suggests leaded petrol emissions may be behind the epidemic. Anja Taylor investigates current sources of lead exposure and its developmental effects on children.” At the link right-click “Download MP4” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Learning Tips 55 mins – “My guest for today is fellow podcaster and blogger Thomas Frank of, which is dedicated to helping undergrads be AWESOME at college. He covers studying more efficiently and effectively, how to land the most awesome jobs, and paying off your loans the soonest possible. He paid off his loans while he was still a student. In today’s episode, Thomas shares about his new [free] eBook, 10 Steps to Earning Awesome Grades (While Studying Less)  and how as a premed you can take this information to improve your chances of getting into medical school. “At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Love 51 mins – “ A recent column in The New York Times described one woman’s experiment with finding love: Mandy Len Catron wondered whether it was possible to find the perfect match just by asking the right questions. Catron and a man she didn’t know that well met for dinner and asked each other a series of 36 probing questions, based on the work of psychologist Arthur Aron. Topics included whether they would like to be famous, and their most treasured memories. The result was a committed relationship that continues to this day. Diane and [3] guests discuss whether there’s a “science” to falling in love.“ At the link you can listen, but not download; however, a copy is included in the blog archive.

Lysosome Biology 39 mins – “Leading scientists discuss the latest breakthroughs in lysosome biology and what they mean for treating Batten disease, and more common conditions such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases and cancer.” At the link find the title, “Curing Human Diseases: Targeting the Lysosome,” right-click “Media files 150213lysosome.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Maidan Killinsgs 27 mins – “One year on from the massacre in Kiev’s Maidan square, when more than fifty protestors were killed. It was the events on Maidan that led to Ukraine’s pro-Russian president fleeing the country, sparking a confrontation over Crimea and now in the east of the country. So what did happen on Maidan square, an event that has pushed the world to the brink of a new cold war? Gabriel Gatehouse investigates.” At the link find the title, “Ukraine: The Untold Story of the Maidan Killings,” right-click “Media files docarchive_20150212-0500a.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

March: Book Two 51 mins “Most Americans alive today were either not yet born or were small children when the civil rights movement took place. Congressman John Lewis, who turns 75 next week, was a student leader of the movement. He, along with Martin Luther King Jr. and others, risked their lives many times over to fight for equality for all races. To help younger generations better understand that critical period in American history, Congressman Lewis and a young co-author have embarked on a trilogy of graphic novels. They join us to talk about the trilogy and what they hope to accomplish.” At the link you can listen, but not download; however, a copy is included in the blog archive.

Marijuana Business P2 20 mins – “Pot is now legal in some states. But on the federal level, it’s illegal. The legal gray area means banks in the U.S. are wary to give pot businesses access to basic financial instruments – like checking accounts. Today on the show, we visit a country where medical marijuana is fully legal. And we see how bank accounts, loans, and investors can transform an industry.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Miami 51 mins – “Famous for its beaches and clubs, Miami is also the 3rd poorest city in the nation. If you own a store in South Beach, your customers are equally likely to be billionaires or homeless people. And, on top of that, they’re very likely to have started life somewhere else.  Miami is an incredibly international city—but not in the way many others are. Here, instead of working towards assimilation and blending with one another, ethnic communities exist as a patchwork, remaining like isolated microcosms of their homeland.” At the link find the title, “Miami: Bridging the Divide [May 2011]” and select “Media files miami_fl.mp3” then right-click “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Minimum Wage 17 mins – “For most of U.S. history, there was no minimum wage. A few times, politicians passed laws tiptoeing toward a minimum. But the Supreme Court struck those laws down. On today’s show: how the U.S. finally got a minimum wage. It’s a story of exploding bakeries, a blue eagle, and a guy who may or may not have been drunk.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Mountain Connect 18 mins – “Last year was the first year I attended Mountain Connect, an event in the Rockies west of Denver that discusses approaches to improving Internet access. Historically, they focused on rural communities but as co-chair of the event Jeff Gavlinski notes in our discussion this week, they are expanding it to include more urban issues as well. Mountain Connect is growing in many ways and I am excited to return to it in early June. As Jeff and I discuss, it is focused on all solutions to expanding access – whether private sector, coop, muni, partnership, etc….” At the link right-click “…download this Mp3 directly…” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Nuclear Threat 60 mins – “Famous anti-nuclear activist Dr. Helen Caldicott warns nuclear extinction still looms – a threat as great as climate change. Then author David Bollier explains the new Commons on the ground and in cyber-space.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow at the right end of the sound bar and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Opiate Addiction 24 mins – “Targeting nursing fatigue, taking another look at statin effectiveness, getting U.S. girls the HPV vaccine and we’ll take a look at treatment options for opiate addictions with a special segment on buprenorphine management. If that’s what you’re looking for, you found it. It’s the Nursing Show.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Paleo Diet Help 120 mins – “On this episode: Fair food in Australia & via Michael Pollan; a Heart Healthy Paleo Diet study, plus more Paleo Diet in the news; why standing may not necessarily be the solution to too much sitting. In the Listener Mail segment: why I’m trying to get fats from whole foods only; whether I’m concerned about vitamin B12 & K2 levels; and tips on how to get kids to eat healthy. We discuss the role of willpower in the Moment of Paleo. After the Bell, it’s David McRaney explaining how we miss what’s missing.” At the link find the title, “129: Heart Healthy Paleo,” right-click “Media files paleo-129.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Patient Spotlight 77 mins – “ Participants in our discussion on person centered care in January agreed that a change in culture and better use of technology could benefit both patients and doctors.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Polar People 16 mins – “Wanted Antarctic workers – positions available, apply within. Would you apply? Each year, over 2000 people apply for jobs in Antarctica, few are successful. So what are the physical and psychological attributes required to work in the most remote location on Earth? To find out, Mark Horstman follows two successful applicants – Jan is the lone station doctor, responsible for keeping the small isolated community alive and well for fourteen months; and Cliff is one of the tradies looking after the station’s buildings and infrastructure.” At the link right-click “Download MP4” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Police Issues P1 60 mins – “There are so many cops who look at the killing of Eric Garner or Mike Brown and say race didn’t play a factor. And there are tons of black people who say that’s insane. There’s a division between people who distrust the police — even fear them — and people who see cops as a force for good. Stories of people living on both sides of that divide, and people trying to bridge it.” Problems here seem much like those faced by the disabled, discussed in the Shepherd Center podcast. At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Poverty Fixes 63 mins – “Thomas A. Nazario, Assistant Professor, University of San Francisco School of Law; Author Living on a Dollar A Day: The Lives and Faces of the World’s Poor; Founder & President, The Forgotten International – People often spend too much time discounting one proposal aimed at tackling a problem in order to shore up or push another. As with many of the world’s great problems, however, there is no silver bullet that will resolve them all, but advocates insist that solutions do exist. After traveling around the world and visiting with some of the world’s poor, Nazario,… will present some strategies he believes can help to end a great deal of the poverty and suffering presently experienced by one-sixth of the world’s people. Nazario’s expertise lies in the area of children’s rights and global poverty.” At the link right-click “Play Now” and select “Save link As” from the pop-up menu.

Prison Gangs 88 mins – “Though only about 2,000 members are currently housed in the state’s prisons, California prison gangs have tens of thousands of associates and members in cities statewide, and their influence on crime is enormous. Lt. Robinson is an authority on prison gangs and will talk about recruitment and retention practices, the gangs’ own peculiar ethos, and the methods the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation use to protect both other prisoners and California communities from prison-gang influence.” At the link right-click “Play Now” and select “Save link As” from the pop-up menu.

PTSD Issues 58 mins – “On the show this week we talk to David J Morris, former Marine infantry officer, war correspondent, and author of The Evil Hours: A Biography of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. We explore the history of PTSD and the science that surrounds it.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Ralph Nader 30 mins – “Ralph Nader has fought for decades on behalf of American citizens against what he sees as the pervasive influence of corporations on our society. Large majorities tell pollsters that big corporations have too much political power, and Nader believes that the ever-tightening influence of big business on the mainstream media, elections and our government have caused many Americans to believe they have no political voice. Nader draws on a half century of his own experience working with the grassroots and Congress and tells of many surprising victories that have united progressive and conservative forces. Far from espousing compromises that meet halfway, Nader argues that citizens of different political labels must join in the struggle against the corporate state, because if left unchecked, that corporate state will ruin the republic, shred the Constitution, and stampede over the rights of the American people.” At the link right-click “Play Now” and select “Save link As” from the pop-up menu.

Robert Reich 68 mins – “Time magazine named Reich one of the 10 most effective Cabinet secretaries of the 20th century. He is a founding editor of the American Prospect magazine and chairman of Common Cause. Come hear his provocative thoughts on the future of the U.S. economy.” At the link right-click “Play Now” and select “Save link As” from the pop-up menu.

Sal Khan 58 mins – “Sal Khan, Founder, Khan Academy; Author, The One World Schoolhouse: Education Reimagined – When Sal Khan started helping his teenage cousin with algebra from across the country, he didn’t set out to change the world. Starting only with an office in his Bay Area apartment, he now has over 4,000 video lessons in his online library, ranging from chemistry to history to finance. Khan is truly an educational pioneer, reaching millions of students, teachers and individuals. Khan Academy’s mission to give a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere has breached the educational divide between poor and privileged and pioneered a transformation at the intersection of learning and technology. INFORUM will award this educational innovator with our 21st Century Visionary Award.” At the link right-click “Play Now” and select “Save link As” from the pop-up menu.

Science History 29 mins – “Nobel laureate and theoretical physicist Steven Weinberg is one of the world’s most respected scientists. His new book To Explain The World conveys just how hard scientific understanding has been for us to arrive at as a civilisation, and why modern science should retain a sense of history to avoid repeating past mistakes. Professor Weinberg tells Ian Sample about his life’s quest being a desire to create a universal textbook: a single volume explaining the laws of nature in a few basic principle.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

SEAL Training 62 mins – “Lieutenant Commander Denver has run every phase of training for the U.S. Navy SEALs and led special-forces missions in the Middle East, Africa, Latin America and other international hot spots. He starred in the 2012 hit film Act of Valor, based on real-life SEAL missions. Don’t miss this chance to go inside the personal story and the fascinating, demanding SEAL training program of a veteran of the front lines. Denver will share lessons learned from the intensity and struggle of war, and his time directing SEAL instruction. Denver’s experiences are conveyed in the new book he co-authored, Damn Few: Making the Modern SEAL Warrior.” At the link right-click “Play Now” and select “Save link As” from the pop-up menu.

Senior Cohousing 75 mins – “Today we can text our sibling to find out what they are having for lunch in Paris, but we don’t know the name of our next-door neighbor nor his or her birthday – unless you’ve looked up him or her on – because shouldn’t we know who our neighbor is? It’s only prudent to be precautious. Learn how seniors are countering the pathologies in our society today by affecting their personal lives and collective lives and affecting society positively by planning new cohousing communities. They bring environmental ethics, justice, village life – community to the table. A real work by real people with real values and real lives who make an environment that responds to their real needs. How romantic is community? Very; everyone is talking about it in the abstract. How realistic is community? Very; there are lots of folks around North America who have decided that this important complement in our lives – community – needs to be revived.” At the link right-click “Play Now” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Shepherd Center 54 mins – “Joyce welcomes Mark Johnson, director of the Shepherd Center. Located in Atlanta, Georgia, Shepherd Center is a private, not-for-profit hospital specializing in medical treatment, research and rehabilitation for people with spinal cord and brain injury. Founded in 1975, Shepherd Center is ranked by U.S. News & World Report among the top 10 rehabilitation hospitals in the nation. Mr. Johnson will discuss the programs and services of this facility, in depth.” Problems here seem much like those faced by the police, disc used in the Police Issues podcast. At the link right-click “Download MP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Sky Color 4 mins – “…The blue color of the sky is due to a phenomenon known as Rayleigh scattering. As sunlight passes through the earth’s atmosphere, the shorter wavelengths of blue are scattered more by oxygen and nitrogen molecules than the higher wavelengths of orange and red. This highly scattered blue light bounces around the atmosphere, giving it its blue color. In winter and at higher latitudes, sunlight passes more tangentially through the earth’s atmosphere and travels a greater distance. As a result, some of the blue light is scattered away and more of the orange light reaches our eyes….” At the link right-click “Click here for audio…” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Smart TV’s 29 mins – “TV watches the watchers by Ian Woolf, Garrick Bercero describes La Pallaise Manila’s biohacker group, Peter Simpson-Young gives us a taste of his brain stimulating device…” At the link right-click “Download MP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Stalin Archives 27 mins – “For Stalin, privacy was key. So how would he feel about his secrets being revealed? The Stalin Digital Archive aims to release 400,000 pages of Soviet secrets from 1890 through to 1952, and may give us a new way of looking at this period, and at Stalin.” At the link find the title, “DocArchive: Digitising Stalin,” right-click “Media files docarchive 20150211-1654a.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Syrian War 69 mins – “As the death toll tops 190,000, over three million refugees have fled from Syria into neighboring countries. Avi Melamed, a former Israeli official for Arab affairs, will discuss the history of the war in Syria, offering his thoughts on why the conflict is considered one of the most dramatic events in the history of the Middle East. He will also discuss the possible global ramifications of this war and how its outcome will shape the region for decades to come.” At the link right-click “Play Now” and select “Save link As” from the pop-up menu.

Terrorism Solutions 43 mins – “The White House is hosting an anti-terror summit next week. Summits being what they are, we try to offer some useful advice.” At the link find the title, “Is There a Better Way to Fight Terrorism?”right-click “freakonomics_podcast021215.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Tolerance 54 mins – “Is Canada too tolerant for its own good? Should we tolerate intolerant people? Michael Blake, Genevieve Chornenki, Sunny Yi and producer Sara Wolch tackle the nature and meaning of tolerance in our diverse and seemingly tolerant society.” At the link find the title, “The Trouble with Tolerance, Part 3,” right-click “Media files ideas_20150211_99740.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Truth and Spin 65mins – “Charles Lewis, Reporter; Founder, Center for Public Integrity; Author, 935 Lies: The Future of Truth and the Decline of America’s Moral Integrity – A government “of the people, by the people, for the people” assumes some sort of informed citizenry, but how many citizens feel accurately informed about what our leaders are up to? Unfortunately for citizens of the United States and throughout the world, distinguishing fact from fiction is more confusing than ever. In our present age, the line between truth and spin continues to blur dramatically. Addressing hot-button issues about the control, manipulation and misuse of information, Lewis reveals the many ways in which truth can be distorted by those groups and individuals wielding power.” At the link right-click “Play Now” and select “Save link As” from the pop-up menu.

Turing Book 60 mins – “This week, we’re learning more about the groundbreaking work and too-short life of Alan Turing, the brilliant mathematician, codebreaker and philosopher who laid the groundwork for the modern age of computing. We’ll spend the hour with Oxford University Senior Research Fellow Andrew Hodges, talking about his book “Alan Turing: The Enigma.’” At the link right-click “Listen now” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Vaccination Regulation 46 mins – “In the year 2000, measles was eliminated from the United States.  Gone. This year and last?  It’s back with a vengeance.  An outbreak in Disneyland, and it threatens the country.  Why the return?  The vulnerability?  American vaccination rates.  They are down.  Lower now than in Zimbabwe.  Bangladesh.  Tanzania.  Anti-vaccination Americans have opted out, leaving everyone more exposed.  Now there is pushback.  State legislators saying “enough.”  Proposing mandatory vaccination to get back our “herd immunity.’” At the link right-click “Download this story” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Visualizing Molecular Structures 23 mins – “Our guest this week is scientist and artist Dr. David Goodsell.  As Associate Professor at the Scripps Research Institute, Dr. Goodsell splits his time on research and science outreach.  His science outreach includes artwork featured online, in a variety of media and even in science museums.  Listen to the show to learn how Dr. Goodsell makes his art, how accurate science is reflected in this art, and how you can use it to teach molecular structure and function.“ At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

War Unending 55 mins – “Pulitzer Prize winner Christopher Hedges spent decades as a war correspondent before the suffering he witnessed became too much to bear. In the fall of 2014, he gave a lecture at Ryerson University in Toronto. He later joined Paul Kennedy in conversation.” At the link find the title, “Chris Hedges: War is a drug,” right-click “Media files ideas_20150209_82879.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Women at Work 52 mins – “This time on BackStory, we look at women in the workforce, from 19th century domestic workers, to the Rosies of World War II, to the labs of Silicon Valley — where programming a computer was once very much a woman’s job. Find out how sexual harassment claims came into being, and why “protective” labor laws regarding women often amounted to discriminatory exclusion from certain jobs.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow at the right end of the sound bar and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.



An alphabetic encyclopedia of 5000 of these hyperlinked descriptions is here and updated quarterly. A file of the podcasts is here , updated weekly, and can be downloaded as a 30+ GB zipped file, or individually. A separate folder of C-Span, Diane Rehm, et. al. files that aren’t available at their sites is here, too, and can also be downloaded as a zip file or individually. Over 210 feeds used to prepare this blog are harvested with a podcast aggregator. The feeds are available in this opml file which most aggregators can import. A list of the feeds is here MP3



About virginiajim

Retired knowledge nut.
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