Media Mining Digest 211 – Nov 27, 2015: Aging Politics, American Sign Language, Arctic Warming, Bangladeshis in London, Broadband in Vermont, Chemical Controls, Climate Dynamics, Coca Cola Price, Cognitive Tools, Communication Disruption, Confederate Flag, CRSPR-Cas9, Drones in USGS, Drug Mules in Andes, Education Starts at Home, Einstein Legacy, Email Impact, Evidence Based Medicine, FBI Activities, Female Genital Mutilation, Financial Management, Gender and Religion, Google Book Case, Identity Theft, Immigration Policies, Inflation Control, Insect Food Source, Investing in Small Cap Funds, ISIS Goals, Islamism, Jane Austen, Keystone Legacy, Kid Inventors, LGBT International, Medical Humor, Medical Reality Show Abuse, Mental Health Bill, Mercury Fulminate, Ming Voyages, Monopoly, Mushrooms, Music Business, Pace of Change, Paris Attacks, Parthenogenesis, Pornography, Refugee High Commissioner, Refugees in US, Reproducing Experiments Sequel, Roman History, Story Corps, Suicide, Syrian Refugees, Tapir Conservation, Tar Sands in Utah, This week in Tech, Uberization of Banking, Ukrainian Crisis, Women in Science, Womens’ Peace Movement, World War One Women

The best 61 podcasts from a larger group of 173 for the week are shown below. Double or ctrl-click individual highlighted titles to get single podcasts and explore the source, although it’s easier to get all of them as a zip file here for the next four months.  A collection of over 7500 similar podcasts grouped by topic can be downloaded here,  but are limited to a 4GB maximum per download, so twelve of those will be needed to get all files, which total over 45GB and will take  awhile.  The first entry of that collection is a text file listing all the titles for quick searches and researching.  All these abstracts have also been assembled alphabetically in two large free volumes at this link and are updated quarterly.  Even more diversity is possible using a podcast aggregator loaded with this opml file of 256 sources so even the discarded podcasts can be downloaded and you can make your own selected list.

Aging Politics 57 mins – “Federal Opposition spokesman for the environment, climate change and water Mark Butler addresses the National Press Club in Canberra on advancing Australia and the politics of aging.” At the link find the title, “National Press Club: Mark Butler,” right-click Media files NPCc markbutler 1811_512k.mp4” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

American Sign Language 16 mins – “Artist and TED Fellow Christine Sun Kim was born deaf, and she was taught to believe that sound wasn’t a part of her life, that it was a hearing person’s thing. Through her art, she discovered similarities between American Sign Language and music, and she realized that sound doesn’t have to be known solely through the ears — it can be felt, seen and experienced as an idea. In this endearing talk, she invites us to open our eyes and ears and participate in the rich treasure of visual language.” At the link click “Download,” then right-click “Download audio” and select “Save Link as” from the pop-up menu.

Arctic Warming 52 mins – “The writer Gretel Ehrlich first visited Greenland in 1993. She’s made many trips to the Arctic since then and she’s noticed the slow death of its ice. While the Arctic is remote, and perhaps distant from our everyday thoughts, Ehrlich says “what happens at the top of the world affects all of us.” It is Earth’s “natural air conditioner,” after all. Ehrlich is in Utah this week, and she joins us Wednesday to talk about the changing Arctic and her life spent writing about the natural world she loves.” At the link right-click the play button beside “Listen” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Bangladeshis in London 50 mins – “Aasmah Mir hosts an intimate and revealing discussion between three women from the Bangladeshi diaspora in east London about the changes within their community.” At the link find the title, “Home: Bangladesh,” right-click “Media files p037zs8k.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Broadband in Vermont 22 mins – “Carole Monroe is back on Community Broadband Bits for Episode 177 this week, to discuss the East Central Vermont Fiber network and its unique financing model. Carole is now the General Manager for EC Fiber. She previously joined us for episode 36 to discuss Fast Roads in New Hampshire. And we previously discussed EC Fiber with Leslie Nulty in episode 9. Years later, EC Fiber is approaching 1,200 subscribers in rural Vermont and is growing much more rapidly with some open access dark fiber connections created by the state in a specific effort to enable last mile connectivity.”At the link right-click “…download this Mp3 file directly…” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Chemical Controls 25 mins – “When you see an ad sponsored by the chemical industry espousing the wonders of chemicals, you probably roll your eyes like most of us. But how much does it influence our attitude towards chemicals? As consumers we may do our best to avoid toxins and carcinogens, but they’re still everywhere we turn, from our food and clothing to the walls in our houses. This week on Sea Change Radio, we hear from Ken Geiser, whose new book “Chemicals Without Harm provides a roadmap for sound policing of the chemical industry. By focusing on what we know works, from greener chemicals, to greater transparency, to the templates provided by regulatory bodies beyond our borders, Geiser lays out a better way to live in our chemical world.” At the link find the title, “Ken Geiser: Our Chemical World,” right-click “Media files SC-2015-11-10.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Climate Dynamics 60 mins – “David Wasdell, head of the Apollo-Gaia Project, returns to Radio Ecoshock with devastating revelations about how climate science has been manipulated or ignored by the IPCC, and by the leaders meeting in Paris. We are committed to far more than 2 degrees of warming. A vastly changed world awaits. Radio Ecoshock 151118. Are you ready for the harsh reality of our future in a hotter world? Can any of us really handle the truth? If you feel strong enough, this may be the most devastating look into where we really stand. Perhaps you remember UK writer Mark Lynas stunning us with the awful changes on Earth if we warm by 5 degrees Centigrade. We may not survive six. Many hope the climate talks in Paris can reach an agreement that will save a livable climate, keeping global warming below 2 degrees C. But what if the national leaders are just players on a stage of illusion? What if someone told you our current levels of greenhouse gases already commit us to more than 6 degrees of global warming, and over 12 meters, over 36 feet higher sea levels? And that may not be the worst of it.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow at the right side of the sound bar and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Coca Cola Price 19 mins- “Prices go up and down. But for 70 years, the price of a bottle of Coca-Cola stayed a nickel. On today’s show, we find out why. The answer includes a half a million vending machines and a 7.5 cent coin.” At the link find the title, “#416: Why The Price Of Coke Didn’t Change For 70 Years,” right-click “Media files 20151118_pmoney_pmpod.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Cognitive Tools 62 mins – “What effect does Google have on your brain? Here’s an weirder question: what effect does knowing that you have access to Google have on your brain? In this episode we explore what happens when a human mind becomes aware that it can instantly, on-command, at any time, search for the answer to any question, and then, most of time, find it. According to researcher Matthew Fisher, one of the strange side effects is an inflated sense of internal knowledge. In other words, as we use search engines, over time we grow to mistakenly believe we know more than we actually do even when we no longer have access to the internet.” At the link right click “063_The_Search_Effect_Matthew_Fisher.mp3 beside “Direct download:” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Communication Disruption 13 mins – “In 2013, the world learned that the NSA and its UK equivalent, GCHQ, routinely spied on the German government. Amid the outrage, artists Mathias Jud and Christoph Wachter thought: Well, if they’re listening … let’s talk to them. With antennas mounted on the roof of the Swiss Embassy in Berlin’s government district, they set up an open network that let the world send messages to US and UK spies listening nearby. It’s one of three bold, often funny, and frankly subversive works detailed in this talk, which highlights the world’s growing discontent with surveillance and closed networks.” At the link click “Download,” then right-click “Download audio” and select “Save Link as” from the pop-up menu.

Confederate Flag 60 mins – “On this episode of BackStory, we’re looking at how memories of the Confederacy have shaped the nation’s landscape, from the rebel flag to the silver screen. The Guys will hear what symbols of the Confederacy mean to African Americans, explore Hollywood’s love affair with Confederate heroes, and find out why one Civil War re-enactor changed his mind about his heritage. How have generations of Americans revered and renounced the Confederacy since its defeat 150 years ago?” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow and select”Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Conservationism 47 mins – “By the end of the 21st century close to 10 billion humans may inhabit the Earth. As more and more people compete for space, food and water, some environmentalists say we need to rethink our approach to conservation. Conservation efforts in the coming years, they say, will need to expand beyond protecting endangered species and setting aside wilderness areas to include better ways for humans and wild species to coexist. For this month’s Environmental Outlook join our discussion about what we should be conserving in the years ahead and why.” (3 guests) At the link you can listen, but not download; however, a copy is included in the blog archive.

CRISPR-Cas9 16 mins – “Geneticist Jennifer Doudna co-invented a groundbreaking new technology for editing genes, called CRISPR-Cas9. The tool allows scientists to make precise edits to DNA strands, which could lead to treatments for genetic diseases … but could also be used to create so-called “designer babies.” Doudna reviews how CRISPR-Cas9 works — and asks the scientific community to pause and discuss the ethics of this new tool.” At the link click “Download,” then right-click “Download audio” and select “Save Link as” from the pop-up menu.

Drones in USGS 30 mins – “Jeff Sloan of the United States Geological Survey (USGS) is the UAS (Unmanned Aircraft Systems) Project Lead. Unmanned Aircraft Systems are more widely known as drones. The USGS has been using drones for a variety of reasons, including bird census counts, elk surveys, looking for dinosaur prints at White Sands National Monument, and much more. Keith and Jeff have a not-so-secret desire to map golf courses…” At the link right-click the play button beside “Listen” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Drug Mules in Andes 27 mins – “The story of Peru’s drug ‘mules’ – the youngsters who hike cocaine from a tropical valley up to highland towns in the Andes, and out towards the border with Brazil.” At the link find the title, “The Drug Mules of the Andes,” right-click “Media files p038ftb6.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Education Starts at Home 48 mins – “In our collective zeal to reform schools and close the achievement gap, we may have lost sight of where most learning really happens — at home.” At the link find the title, “Does Early Education’ Come Way Too Late?” right-click “Media files freakonomics podcast111815.mp3” ad select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Einstein Legacy 32 mins – “In 1922, two famous men publicly debated the nature of time. Albert Einstein was gaining attention for his theory of relativity, the mathematics of which suggested several strange, non-intuitive properties of time. At the same time, the philosopher Henri Bergson was widely known for theorizing that time is intrinsically tied to human consciousness. The debate changed both men’s legacies and continues to shape the way we understand time today.” At the link right-click “VBR MP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Email Impact 34 mins – “A woman answers a mysterious email and finds herself on a plane, spam buries our inbox, and a band falls apart over the send button. Listen, decode, and decide: Is email evil?” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow at the right end of the sound bar and select “Save Link Ass” from the pop-up menu.

Evidence Based Medicine 12 mins – “What sort of conclusions can we legitimately draw from the experiments that support evidence-based medicine? John Worrall questions some of the received opinion on this topic in this interview with David Edmonds for Philosophy Bites.” At the link find the title, “John Worrall on Evidence-Based Medicine,” right-click “Media files John_Worrall_on_Evidence-Based_Medicine.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

FBI Activities 60 mins – “On the opening weekend of the Newseum’s newly updated exhibit, “Inside Today’s FBI: Fighting Crime in the Age of Terror,” former FBI deputy director Timothy P. Murphy and journalist Garrett Graff talk about how the agency is taking on a new generation of international terrorists.” At the link find the title, “Today’s FBI,” right-click “Media files IM_20151114.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Female Genital Mutilation 27 mins – “For a special programme as part of the BBC’s 100 Women season – which shines a light on the lives of women around the world – Health Check speaks to the midwife Dr Comfort Momoh, a public health specialist and staunch campaigner against the practice of female genital mutilation. She currently runs the African Well Woman’s clinic at Guys and St Thomas’ hospital in London, which she founded in 1997 to help women who have been subjected to the procedure. Maternity home Cuba In Cuba, the health service is taking a strong preventative approach to pregnancy and childbirth. Family doctors assess every pregnant woman and if thought to be at risk, they are sent to Del Hogar Materno Infantil, a maternity home in the old city of Havana. For some women that means staying on a ward and being on bed rest for the final two or three months of their pregnancy. The Director of the home Dr Alexei Capote Rodriquez shows Claudia around. Fake eyelashes Japan Eyelashes are big business in Japan. You can buy yourself a fake pair at most boutiques, pharmacies and even vending machines, but the most involved procedure is having eyelash extensions, which involves individual lashes being glued on by beauticians. As more and more women get involved with this craze, the Japanese health ministry is growing increasingly concerned about the rising number of resulting eye infections and injuries.” At the link find the title, “Dr Comfort Momoh, an inspiration in the world of women’s health,” right-click “Media files p038frt0.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Financial Management  37 mins – “Young couple and business owners Sam Huff and Meghan Wright talk about navigating different backgrounds in pursuit if their dreams, blowing through their budget, and the incredible power of wine and Excel spreadsheets.” At the link right-click “Download this episode” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Gender and Religion 13 mins – “How do we respect someone’s religious beliefs, while also holding religion accountable for the damage those beliefs may cause? Chelsea Shields has a bold answer to this question. She was raised in the orthodox Mormon tradition, and she spent the early part of her life watching women be excluded from positions of importance within the LDS Church. Now, this anthropologist, activist and TED Fellow is working to reform her church’s institutionalized gender inequality. “Religions can liberate or subjugate, they can empower or exploit, they can comfort or destroy,” she says. “What is taught on the Sabbath leaks into our politics, our health policy, violence around the world.” At the link click “Download,” then right-click “Download audio” and select “Save Link as” from the pop-up menu.

Google Book Case  44 mins – “In his written opinion affirming an earlier find that Google’s book scanning project was “fair use” under U.S. copyright law, Judge Pierre Laval did more – and also less – than hand the search engine giant a win in court, notes attorney Lois Wasoff. As Wasoff explained during a Copyright Clearance Center-sponsored special webinar last week updating publishers and authors on the latest news in the so-called Google Books Case, the ruling was more than just a win for Google because Laval expanded our understanding of what makes a “transformative use” of copyrighted material; indeed, Laval emphasizes the transformative purpose of Google’s scanning over its use. And it was also less than a win for Google because the finding on the facts may severely limit the decision’s implications for any future scanning efforts….” At the link right-click “download” at the sound bar and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Identify Theft 49 mins – “More than 17 million Americans reported last year that their identity had been stolen. That’s 7 percent of the nation’s adult population. Complicated passwords and aggressive virus protection are no longer enough to protect consumers. Security breaches at Target, JPMorgan Chase and the U.S. Office of Personnel Management have resulted in the theft of billions of personal records, including fingerprints. Electronic medical records are also being hacked. Diane and guests discuss how to make yourself less vulnerable to hackers and what do to if your sensitive data is stolen.” (4 guests) At the link you can listen, but not download; however, a copy is included in the blog archive.

Immigration Policies 39 mins – “U.S. Homeland Security Secretary Jeh Johnson explores immigration priorities as well the status of the executive actions announced by President Obama in November 2014 during this keynote address at the 2015 Immigration Law and Policy Conference, organized by the Migration Policy Institute, Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc., and Georgetown University Law Center.” At the link right-click “Download” and select”Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Inflation Control  25 mins – “For much of the 70s inflation was bad. Prices rose at over 10 percent a year. Nothing could stop it — until one powerful person did something very unpopular. Today’s show: How we beat inflation.” At the link find the title, “#664: The Great Inflation,” right-click “Media files 20151120 pmoney pmpod2.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the poop-up menu.

Insect Food Source 54 mins – “Spark trips down memory lane, finds out what insects taste like, and more.” After the eight-minute introduction about past episodes, a short segment begins about raising mealy worms for food in ‘insect hives’.((Katharina Ungers web site and this article on the topic. And here’s the Grub Kitchen referred to in the talk.) At the link find the title, “300: Eating bugs, saving Ferris, smarter cities and more,” right-click “Media files spark 20151122_67339.mp3“ and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Investing in Small Cap Funds 28 mins – “Paul answers two of the most common questions he receives about small cap value ETFs: 1. What’s the best choice between Vanguard Small Cap ETF (VBR) and Vanguard Russell 2000 Value ETF (VTWV)?  2. Which has the best small cap value ETF? Paul makes clear why he thinks one will do much better than the other over the long term. and discusses three commission-free groups of ETFs at Vanguard, Schwab and Fidelity, each with a small cap value offering.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

ISIS Goals 52 mins – “In March, the journalist Graeme Wood joined us to put the Islamic State under the microscope. What is it? Where did it come from, and what does it want? In an article for The Atlantic magazine, Wood argued that ISIS seeks to revert civilization to a “seventh-century legal environment, and ultimately bring about the apocalypse,” and it’s committed to killing vast numbers of people in the process. We talked about ISIS’s intellectual genealogy and why it’s imperative the West better understand it. Graeme Wood’s article “What Isis Really Wants” is the cover story of the March 2015 issue of The Atlantic magazine. Read it here.” At the link right-click the play button beside “Listen” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Islamism 38 mins – “Melvyn Bragg and his guests discuss the origins and early development of Islamic law. The legal code of Islam is known as Sharia, an Arabic word meaning “the way”. Its sources include the Islamic holy book the Qur’an, the words and actions of the Prophet Muhammad, and the opinions of legal scholars. In the 7th century, Sharia started to replace the tribal laws of pre-Islamic Arabia; over the next three hundred years it underwent considerable evolution as Islam spread. By 900 a body of religious and legal scholarship recognisable as classical Sharia had emerged. With:Hugh Kennedy Professor of Arabic in the School of Oriental and African Studies at the University of London Robert Gleave Professor of Arabic Studies at the University of Exeter Mona Siddiqui Professor of Islamic Studies at the University of Glasgow Producer: Thomas Morris.” At the link find the title, “Islamic Law and its Origins, May, 2011,” right-click “Media files p02q5pgd.mp3” and select “Save Link As from the pop-up menu.

Jane Austen 47 mins – “’Emma Woodhouse, handsome, clever, and rich, with a comfortable home and happy disposition, seemed to unite some of the best blessings of existence; and had lived nearly twenty-one years in the world with very little to distress or vex her.” So begins Emma by Jane Austen, describing her leading character who, she said, was “a heroine whom no-one but myself will much like.” Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss this, one of Austen’s most popular novels and arguably her masterpiece, a brilliantly sparkling comedy of manners published in December 1815 by John Murray, the last to be published in Austen’s lifetime. This followed Sense and Sensibility (1811), Pride and Prejudice (1813) and Mansfield Park (1814), with her brother Henry handling publication of Northanger Abbey and Persuasion (1817). With Janet Todd Professor Emerita of Literature, University of Aberdeen and Honorary Fellow of Newnham College, Cambridge John Mullan Professor of English at University College, London And Emma Clery Professor of English at the University of Southampton. Producer: Simon Tillotson.” At the link find the title, “Emma, Nov 2015,” right-click “Media files p038hp5p.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Keystone Legacy 30 mins – “The drawn-out fight to prevent the Keystone XL pipeline recently ended in a triumph for environmental activists, when President Obama announced he would not approve the pipeline. This week on Sea Change Radio, we speak with the leader of the movement to stop the Keystone XL, Bill McKibben. McKibben and host Alex Wise discuss the importance of the movement to prevent the pipeline’s construction, what the recent victory means for the environmental movement in a larger sense, and whom among the current presidential candidates McKibben thinks is best on the environment. Then, we revisit our discussion with entrepreneur Harrison Dillon, the co-founder of Solazyme, a biotech company that creates environmentally-friendly synthetic designer oils that can be used in a wide array of products that have traditionally been petroleum-based.” At the link find the title, “Bill McKibben: Putting the X in XL,” right-click “Media files SC-2015-11-17.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Kid Inventors 10 mins – “At the Harbour School in Hong Kong, TED Senior Fellow Cesar Harada teaches citizen science and invention to the next generation of environmentalists. He’s moved his classroom into an industrial mega-space where imaginative kids work with wood, metal, chemistry, biology, optics and, occasionally, power tools to create solutions to the threats facing the world’s oceans. There, he instills a universal lesson that his own parents taught him at a young age: “You can make a mess, but you have to clean up after yourself.” At the link click “Download,” then right-click “Download audio” and select “Save Link as” from the pop-up menu.

LGBT International 12 mins – “ As a gay couple in San Francisco, Jenni Chang and Lisa Dazols had a relatively easy time living the way they wanted. But outside the bubble of the Bay Area, what was life like for people still lacking basic rights? They set off on a world tour in search of “Supergays,” LGBT people who were doing something extraordinary in the world. In 15 countries across Africa, Asia and South America — from India, recently home to the world’s first openly gay prince, to Argentina, the first country in Latin America to grant marriage equality — they found the inspiring stories and the courageous, resilient and proud Supergays they had been looking for.” At the link click “Download,” then right-click “Download audio” and select “Save Link as” from the pop-up menu.

Medical Humor 28 mins – “Three comedians dispense a dose of no-holds barred sick comedy about everything from incurable disease to the peculiarities of modern health care.” At the link find the title, “White Coat Black Art – Sick Comedy,” right-click “Download White Coat Black Art – Sick Comedy” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Medical Reality Show Abuse 39 mins – “An extended interview with Anita and Ken Chanko, the family of a man whose final moments were broadcast on a US medical reality show without consent. They appeared on the Nov. 7, 2015 episode of White Coat, Black Art.” At the link find the title, “Bonus Podcast: Without Consent extended interview,” right-click “Download Bonus Podcast: Without Consent extended interview”and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Mental Health Bill 58 mins – “Former Representative Patrick Kennedy (D-RI) talks about his book, [A Common Struggle: A Personal Journey Through the Past and Future of Mental Illness and Addiction]. He is interviewed by Representative Jim McDermott (D-WA).” At the link find the title, “After Words with Patrick Kennedy,” right-click “Media files program.420257.MP3-STD.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Mercury Fulminate 6 mins – “In the year 1800, British chemist Edward Howard reported how he had treated mercury with nitric acid and alcohol to make a white crystalline powder. The material exploded violently when hit by a hammer. In other words, it fulminated. The new ‘fulminating mercury,’ as he called it, possessed all the inflammable properties of gunpowder. He wrote: ‘I first attempted to make the mercurial powder fulminate by concussion; and for that purpose laid about a grain of it upon a cold anvil, and struck it with a hammer, likewise cold: it detonated slightly, not being, as I suppose, struck with a flat blow; for, upon using 3 or 4 grains, a very stunning disagreeable noise was produced, and the faces both of the hammer and the anvil were much indented.’ At the link right click “Download: CiiE_Mercury_fulminate_96kbps.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Ming Voyages 36 mins – “Melvyn Bragg and his guests discuss the Ming Voyages. In 1405 a Chinese admiral, Zheng He, set sail with an enormous fleet of ships carrying more than 27,000 people. This was the first of seven voyages of discovery which took Zheng and his ships all over the known world, from India to the Gulf of Persia and as far as East Africa. They took Chinese goods, evidence of the might of the Ming Empire, to the people they visited; and they also returned to China with treasure from the places they visited, and exotic items including a live giraffe. These seven voyages were an expression of the might of the Ming Dynasty; but they were regarded by some Chinese courtiers as a wasteful extravagance, and after internal disputes they came to an end in 1433. These extraordinary journeys live on in the imagination and the historical record – and had a profound effect on China’s relationship with the rest of the world. With:Rana MitterProfessor of the History and Politics of Modern China at the University of Oxford Julia Lovell Lecturer in Chinese History at Birkbeck College, University of London Craig Clunas Professor of the History of Art at the University of Oxford. Producer: Thomas Morris.” At the link find the title, “The Ming Voyages, Oct 2011” right-click “Media files p02q5d0q.mp3” and select “Select Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Monopoly 18 mins – “From rock-paper-scissors, to tennis, to Mario Kart, every game is a designed system and all games are grounded in the same design principles. One popular game in particular has a mixed reputation with game players and designers alike: Monopoly. Participants circle the board, buy property, build houses, collect money, draw cards and pay money when landing on a space owned by another player. The game can be slow, and its endings can be dark—the game ends when a player goes into total bankruptcy. Yet this was not always the case. The Landlord’s Game, which preceded Monopoly, was designed to illustrate the benefits of Single Tax theory as proposed by Henry George. The game’s creator, Lizzy Magie, patented it in 1904 and included two sets of rules. In one rule set, ruthless monopolists attempted to crush one another. In the other set, building property benefited everyone on the board. The goal was to illustrate the benefits of a more egalitarian economic system in which, theoretically, everyone could be a winner (or at least avoid landing in the poor house). The rules were even made to be switched mid-game: “If the players wish to prove how the application of the Single Tax would benefit everybody by equalizing and opportunities and raising wages, they may at any time during the game put the single tax into operation by a vote of at least two of the players.” The first set of rules, however, was more cutthroat, and more fun. People liked the monopolist rules better. During the Great Depression, Charles Darrow encountered a version of the game created by Quakers in Atlantic City, New Jersey. He tweaked it and called the result Monopoly. It sold well, perhaps in part because it was a pleasure for players to hold fictional money in a time of widespread poverty. Parker Brothers eventually purchased the game rights from him, then eventually bought Magie’s patent for The Landlord’s Game, reportedly for $500.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-upmenu.

Mushrooms 39 mins – “They’re a kingdom unto themselves, neither animal, vegetable, nor mineral. They count among their number both the world’s largest organism and millions of microscopic, single-celled creatures. And yet not only have they been an important—and delicious—food source for thousands of years, but they also seem to have powerful medicinal properties. What are these mysterious creatures? In this episode of Gastropod, join hosts Cynthia Graber and Nicola Twilley as they dive underground into the weird world of mushrooms. They visit one of the largest fungi collections in the world, the U.S. National Fungus Collection in Beltsville, Maryland, home to a million specimens as well as two Transylvanian mushroom hats. They also tour a boutique mushroom farm in Maine and head out on “the quiet hunt” through a New England forest in search of wild mushrooms that are tasty, rather than toxic. Along the way, they uncover the long history of mushroom consumption, and the (much shorter) history of mushroom cultivation, as well as tease out the curious connection between logging restrictions and the rise of wild mushrooms in American culinary culture. And they learn about promising new research that started with a shiitake-infused cutting board and may end up combating antibiotic-resistant infectious diseases with personalized mushroom therapeutics.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Music Business 32 mins – “Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) CEO Cary Sherman discusses changes in the music industry and music issues before Congress. As distribution shifts deeper into streaming, musicians and songwriters are pressing for new payment laws.” At the link find the title, “Communicators with Cary Sherman,” right-click “Media files program 416729 MP3-STD.mp3”and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Pace of Change 69 mins – “Common Sense 298 – Innovation Acceleration and Jab Defense: What began as a show speculating about speeding up the pace of technological discoveries morphed into a conversation about effective responses to the November 13th 2015 terror attacks in Paris.” Show Notes – “We Need an Energy Miracle”by James Bennet for The Atlantic Magazine, November 2015. At the link right-click “Download MP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Paris Attacks 29 mins – “Following the terrorist attacks in Paris, French officials used metadata from a phone they found in a trashcan to gather information that made it possible to raid ISIS safe houses within a week. During these raids they were able to kill the suspected mastermind behind the operation, who was believed to be planning more attacks. Using a combination of cyber forensics and traditional police work, the French identified and successfully raided the purported hideout of the suspected ringleader. Considering our advanced technology, many are left questioning how this happened in the first place? And looking forward, can governments really prevent future acts of terrorism by building backdoors into encryption? In this episode of Digital Detectives, Sharon Nelson and John Simek discuss the digital forensics of the Paris attacks and the aftermath, including a surfacing argument about cryptic communication, the response from French, British, and American governments, and how Anonymous, the hacker group, has gotten involved. Beginning with a chronology of events, Sharon walks through the events of last Friday. Citing a BBC article published after the Paris attacks, the hosts analyze how the investigation involved traditional and technological means to gather information about the armed attackers and their whereabouts. In addition to fingerprints and DNA, the investigators used witness video footage, mobile phone triangulation, wifi networks, and IP addresses to correlate intelligence and quickly move in on the suspects. John explains how a comment made by Belgium’s Interior Minister about PlayStation 4 network encryption was misinterpreted and carried away by news media… hear about Anonymous’s war on ISIS and the hypocritical nature of ISIS’s use of social media.” At the link right-click the down-pointing rrow at the right end of the sound bar and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up arrow.

Parthenogenesis 28 mins – “Virgin births and sex reversal in the wild.
Catalyst explores the recent extraordinary cases of virgin births in animals and finds out whether humans could spontaneously clone themselves. Reporter Anja Taylor investigates why males exist in the first place, and joins an extraordinary study in the outback which suggests their days may be numbered, in certain species. Are we destined for a Life Without Males?”
At the link right-click “MP4” beside “download video” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Pornography 44 mins – “A man whose job is scrubbing porn from the web; adult film star Stoya’s battle against free, pirated porn; and the dirty history of tagging. Listen, decode and decide: Is internet porn evil?” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow at the right end of the sound bar and select “Save Link Ass” from the pop-up menu.

Refugee High Commissioner 57 mins – “United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees António Guterres explores the strains on the global humanitarian protection system, the Syrian refugee crisis and its spillover onto Europe, and the need for leadership from the United States and other major refugee-receiving countries as the world copes with the largest levels of displacement ever recorded. This keynote address occurred at the 2015 Immigration Law and Policy Conference, organized by the Migration Policy Institute, Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc., and Georgetown University Law Center..” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Refugees to US 126 mins – “Officials from the State Department and Citizenship and Immigration Services testify at a House Judiciary subcommittee hearing on security concerns in the wake of the Paris terrorist attacks and the screening of Syrian refugees seeking U.S. asylum.” At the link find the title, “Hearing on Syrian Refugees and National Security,” right-click “Media files program 422364 MP3-STD.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Reproducing Experiments Sequel 67 mins – “Brian Nosek of the University of Virginia and the Center for Open Science talks with EconTalk host Russ Roberts about the Reproducibility Project–an effort to reproduce the findings of 100 articles in three top psychology journals. Nosek talks about the findings and the implications for academic publishing and the reliability of published results.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Roman History 47 mins- “At the center of author Richard Rubin’s latest book, The Last of the Doughboys, are several dozen extraordinary individuals, all more than a century old, all now passed away. They were the final survivors of the millions who made up the American forces that fought in World War I, 19th-century men and women living in the 21st century. Rubin’s book chronicles their remarkable stories and he joins us to to relate how the forgotten war and its forgotten veterans created the modern world….” At the link right-click the play button beside “Listen” and select “Save Link As” from the poop-up menu.

Story Corps 48 mins – “Twelve years ago, Dave Isay set up a recording booth in New York’s Grand Central Station. He wanted to document the experiences of everyday Americans through conversations between friends and family. Today, Storycorps has recorded 100,000 people across the country, capturing tales of bravery, forgiveness and quiet acts of love. Over Thanksgiving weekend, the oral history project hopes to double that number. They have created an app that puts the tools of the recording booth in the hands of the public. They are calling on young people to interview a grandparent or other elder in an effort to collect the stories of a generation. Storycorps founder Dave Isay talks about the power of interviewing a loved one.” At the link you can listen, but not download; however, a copy is included in the blog archive.

Suicide 11 mins – “In the podcast, we’ll hear from Kevin Hines the survivor of such an attempt, and Alys Cole-King, a psychiatrist who wants to break down the stigma of suicide. Originally broadcast in 2010 For more on suicide risk assessment and prevention, read our latest clinical review.” At the link find the title, “Revisiting the bridge,” right-click “Media files 232919116-bmjgroup-revisiting-the-bridge.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Syrian Refugees 49 mins – “Following the terror attacks in Paris last week, news reports indicated that one of the men entered Europe posing as a refugee from Syria. Now, more than half the nation’s governors say they object to resettling Syrian refugees in their states. Some of these governors have signed executive orders banning them altogether. They say the screening process for refugees isn’t rigorous enough to prevent potential terrorists from getting into the country. But critics say refugee resettlement is a federal decision and that governors are overreacting and spreading fear. Guest host Susan Page and guests discuss the debate over resettlement of Syrian refugees in the states.” (5 guests) At the link you can listen, but not download; however, a copy is included in the blog archive.

Tapir Conservation 12 mins – “Although the tapir is one of the world’s largest land mammals, the lives of these solitary, nocturnal creatures have remained a mystery. Known as “the living fossil,” the very same tapir that roams the forests and grasslands of South America today arrived on the evolutionary scene more than 5 million years ago. But threats from poachers, deforestation and pollution, especially in quickly industrializing Brazil, threaten this longevity. In this insightful talk, conservation biologist, tapir expert and TED Fellow Patrícia Medici shares her work with these amazing animals and challenges us with a question: Do we want to be responsible for their extinction?” At the link click “Download,” then right-click “Download audio” and select “Save Link as” from the pop-up menu.

Tar Sands in Utah 6 mins – “Main Canyon is an oasis in the high-mountain desert of the Tavaputs Plateau even during midsummer during a drought. Burt and Christine DeLambert have raised cattle here for nearly four decades. But they’d never seen anything like this before: a dozen trout belly up dead in their spring-fed pond. “You know if that was any place else and the fish started dyin,’ they’d be pretty excited,” says Burt. There’s no way to say if the strip mine had anything to do with the dead fish, but three state agencies have approved mining and processing tar sands on 317 acres of the rocky ridge above the DeLambert ranch. The first mine of its type in the United States is being built there by a Canadian company called U.S. Oil Sands. The mine could be producing petroleum this winter in the Uintah Basin of eastern Utah. And, while the company behind the PR Spring Mine plans to showcase a new way of mining oil sands that doesn’t wreck the land and water, local ranchers are worried, and climate activists say any petroleum mining is a bad idea. The DeLamberts don’t oppose it on principle. But they do worry the mine could spoil the water or dry it up.” At the link right-click the play button beside “Listen” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

This Week in Tech 144 mins – “Guests: Om Malik, Ben Thompson, Steve Kovach Transforming journalism, Amazon brick and mortar, Comcast caps, and more. Links: NYT VR: How to Experience a New Form of Storytelling From The Times ; Grantland and the (Surprising) Future of Publishing ; Snapchat triples video traffic as it closes the gap with Facebook ; Square sets IPO price range, would be valued below last private round ; Why I Quit Ordering From Uber-for-Food Start-Ups ; My 2.5 Star Trip to Amazon’s Bizarre New Bookstore ; Exclusive: Verizon weighing $10 billion sale of enterprise assets – sources ; ‘Candy Crush’ owner King sold to Activision Blizzard for $5.9bn ; Microsoft Kills Unlimited OneDrive Storage, Downgrades Paid and Free OptionsAt the link click “Download options,” then right-click “audio” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Uberization of Banking 47 mins – “Once upon a time, banks had money in vaults and you went there when you needed yours. Now money is tracked in zipping digits and many people never set foot in banks at all. Next trend: bank branches go obsolete, millennials and more ditch their banks for third-party tech services, the ATM goes the way of the phone booth and money gets “Uberized.” Need a loan?  Want to lend? Want to invest in a hot start-up? Stash your cash? There’s an app for that, and a lot more. A sharing economy ready to move money” At the link right-click “Download this story” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Ukrainian Crisis 70 mins – “Why Cold War Again? Stephen F. Cohen, Professor Emeritus, Russian Studies and Politics, New York University and Princeton University; Contributing Editor, The Nation In conversation with Dr. Gloria Duffy, President and CEO, The Commonwealth Club The consensus view in Washington and in the U.S. mainstream media is that the Ukrainian crisis, which some have called the worst international crisis of our time, is due solely to Russian aggression under President Vladimir Putin. Stephen F. Cohen’s view, on the other hand, is that U.S. policy since the 1990s is largely responsible, and that unless this is acknowledged at least in part by Washington, no successful negotiated end to the crisis will be possible. Professor Cohen’s Soviet Fates and Lost Alternatives: From Stalinism to the New Cold War and his The Victims Return: Survivors of the Gulag after Stalin are now in paperback.” At the link right-click “Play Now” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Women in Science 38 mins – “Melvyn Bragg and his guests discuss the role played by women in Enlightenment science. During the eighteenth century the opportunities for women to gain a knowledge of science were minimal. Universities and other institutions devoted to research were the preserve of men. Yet many important contributions to the science of the Enlightenment were made by women. These ranged from major breakthroughs like those of the British astronomer Caroline Herschel, the first woman to discover a comet, to important translations of scientific literature such as Emilie du Chatelet’s French version of Newton’s Principia – and all social classes were involved, from the aristocratic amateur botanists to the women artisans who worked in London’s workshops manufacturing scientific instruments.With:Patricia Fara Senior Tutor at Clare College, University of Cambridge Karen O’Brien Professor of English at the University of Warwick Judith Hawley Professor of 18th Century Literature at Royal Holloway, University of London Producer: Thomas Morris.” At the link find the title, “Women and Enlightenment Science, Nov 2010,” right-click “Media files p02q5q5h.mp3and select “Save Link As from the pop-up menu.

Womens’ Peace Movement 54 mins – “Women are peaceful. On this basis, women have worked for peace as mothers and moral guides to the world. But this stereotype limits women – and their peacemaking – as much as it empowers them.” At the link find the title “Women and Peacemaking,” right-click “Media files ideas_20151118_54374.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Wonder Woman 52 mins – “Great girdle of Aphrodite! Friday, historian Jill Lepore joins Doug to tell the story of Wonder Woman, who she calls the “missing link” in the women’s rights struggles of the 20th century. Wonder Woman was created by psychologist William Marston, whose own family was very, very complicated and deeply influenced by the suffrage movement. We’ll talk about Wonder Woman’s feminist roots, the “new type of woman” Marston had in mind, and her influence on the women’s lib movement of the ‘60s and ‘70s.” At the link right-click the play button beside “Listen” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

World War One Women 54 mins – “In 1915, more than a thousand women gathered in The Hague, Netherlands to find a way to end the First World War. Marilyn Powell traces the remarkable story of their achievement and defeat.” At the link find the title, “Peace In Their Time,” right-click “Media files ideas 20151111_69197.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Thanks for stopping by.

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About virginiajim

Retired knowledge nut.
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