Media Mining Digest 227 – Mar 18, 2016: Adobe System Creator, Al Gore on Climate Warming, Alan Alda on Science, Alcohol Use, Apple vs FBI, Arctic Warming, Aristotle on Best Form of Government, Astronomy Introduction, Atomic Bomb Beginning, Beatles Producer, Beyonce Incident, Big Data, Black Holes, Bleach, Book Trends, Broadband Competition, Brominated Vegetable Oil, Chiropractor Rant, Classroom Bicycles, Classroom Diversity, Climate Resilient Cities, Collaboration, Computers for Kids, Democracy Discovery, Dental Medicine, Digital Design Engineer, Dutch East India Company, Ecology, Emergency Medicine Stress, Eugenics Movement, Fallacy of the Texas Sharpshooter, Federalist Papers, Food Future, Food Sounds, Fukushima, Functional Medicine, Gaming Research, Gender Balance in Australia, Genome Manipulation, Giftshranks, Girard, Government Spending Control, Gravity Waves Discovery, Hearing Problem, Heroin Addiction, Humor, Hurricane Threats, ICU in the Emergency Dept, Incest, Index Funds Creation, Indian Youth, Investment Withdrawals, Iran Revolution, ISIS Children, Journalist Fussman Interview, Keep It in the Ground Bill, Kidnapped in Mexico, Kill Chain, Laser Optics, Lasers in Dentistry, Lithium Damages Kidneys, Maple Syrup, Marijuana Medicine, Maya Civilization, MCAT Mistakes, Memorizing, Mezcal, Millennial Wage Gap, Monarch Butterfly Status, Money Laundering, Moral Limits of Markets, MS370 Crash, Music Boosts Endorphins, Musical Medicine, Newfoundland Financial Crisis, Ocean Archaelology, Oppenheimer on Science Advisors, Pat Conroy, Predicting Crime Spots, Prodigies, Race and Research, Research Funding in Australia, Restaurant Revolution, Science Research, Sepsis 3.0, Sexual Arousal, Ship Salvage, South Africa Drought, Space travel, Stalins Boyhood, Stroke Victim Story, Supreme Court Comments, Terrorism, Turmeric, Turkish Newspaper Takeover, Uterine Transplants, War Correspondent, Workforce Changes

The best 112 podcasts from a larger group of 242 for the week are shown below. Double or ctrl-click individual highlighted titles to get single podcasts and explore the source, although it’s easier to get all of them as a zip file here for the next four months.  A collection of over 9000 similar podcasts grouped by topic can be downloaded here,  but you will be limited to a 4GB maximum per download, so twelve of those will be needed to get all files, which total over 45GB and will take  awhile. The first entry of that collection is a text file listing all the titles for quick searches and researching.  All these abstracts have also been assembled alphabetically in three free large volumes at this link and are updated quarterly.  Even more diversity is possible using a podcast aggregator loaded with this opml file of 280 sources so even the discarded podcasts can be downloaded.

Adobe System Creator 98 mins – “Leo Laporte talks with Russell Brown, a Senior Creative Director at Adobe and tutorial-maker with a focus on Photography, Digital Photography, and Graphic Design.” At the link click “Download Options,” right-click “Audio” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Al Gore on Climate Warming 28 mins – “In this brand-new slideshow (premiering on TED.com), Al Gore presents evidence that the pace of climate change may be even worse than scientists recently predicted. He challenges us to act.” At the link click the “Download” button, right-click “Download audio” and select “Save Link As’ from the pop-up menu.

Alan Alda on Science 63 mins – “MASH star and science advocate, Alan Alda, speaks at the National Press Club about the importance of communicating science.” At the link find the title, “Actor Alan Alda addresses the National Press Club” right-click “Media files NPCc_AlanAlda2_1003_512k.mp4” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Alcohol Use 35 mins – “Are you part of Generation Peak Booze? In this episode, we dive into the factors behind the ups and downs in alcohol consumption in the U.K. and the U.S. over the course of the twentieth century, we explore the long-term health effects of peak booze, and we get a sneak peek at the synthetic alcohol of the future. Cheers!” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow at the right end of the sound bar and select “Save link As” from the pop-up menu.

Apple vs FBI 29 mins – “During the investigation of the San Bernardino shooting the FBI obtained a company iPhone that was used by Syed Farook, one of the assailants. The investigators obtained a warrant to search the phone, but it’s currently locked and the FBI hasn’t been able to access the encrypted data. This prompted the agency to request assistance from Apple to bypass the phone’s security features, but Apple has refused. Does the FBI have the authority to compel a company to re-engineer its own product in order to undermine the security of its own customers? In this episode of Digital Detectives, Sharon Nelson and John Simek interview the American Civil Liberties Union’s Speech Privacy and Technology Project Director and principal legal advisor to Edward Snowden Ben Wizner about the legal battle between Apple and the FBI. Wizner begins by explaining The All Writs Act and how it’s being used to coerce Apple, the FBI’s potential objectives in making this request, and what dangers might be present if the FBI prevails. The conversation then shifts to the global implications for all tech companies if the the precedent is set that Apple must aid in helping the FBI get the contents of this phone and what that might mean for the national security of the United States of America – and the privacy of its citizens. Wizner then gives some insights into what it has been like to be the principal advisor for Edward Snowden and what the case has been like for him as a lawyer.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Apple vs FBI 54 mins – “Slate Money with Guan Yang on Apple and the FBI, Sci-Hub, and Argentina.” At the link find the title, “The Breaking the Law Edition, Feb, 2016,” right-click “Media files SM5177607996.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Arctic Warming 60 mins – “SUMMARY: Abrupt warming in Arctic could lead to catastrophic consequences says top scientist Dr. Peter Gleick, ICCI Director Pam Pearson, and the founder of Paleoceanography, Dr. James Kennett. Three must-listen interviews. “What is happening in the Arctic now is unprecedented & possibly catastrophic.” That’s the Tweet heard around the world at the end of February. It was picked up by the Independent newspaper in the UK, and many other places in the alternative and climate-savy media. Robert Hunziker did a strong piece about it in CounterPunch called “The Arctic Turns Ugly”. The Tweeter is a world-known scientist. Dr. Peter Gleick is a member of the US National Academy of Science, he’s a MacArthur Fellow, and President of the Pacific Institute. He was a guest on Radio Ecoshock in March 2014 “ At the link right-click “Lo-Fi” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Aristotle on Best Form of Government 101 mins – “Aristotle provides both a taxonomy of the types of government, based on observations of numerous constitutions of the states of his time, and prescriptions on how to best order a state. These are meant to be practical; though he does spend some time on the “ideal” government, he recognizes that that’s going to be very rare, given that it requires those in charge to be virtuous according to his stringent standards. He provides advice for all the types, whether rule by one, or the few, or the many, to help keep them stable and from drifting into their corrupt forms. He sees the state as a natural outgrowth of human nature, and that one can characterize the health of a state in much the way one can describe the health (i.e. virtue, happiness) of an individual. Yes, he’s a major league elitist, but there’s still some good stuff here, applicable even to modern times.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Astronomy Introduction 55 mins – “In this public lecture, astrophysicist Dr Chris North takes its audience on a journey through space to understand the most distant stars and galaxies, exploring the findings of the Herschel Space Observatory. Dr North has worked on a number of space missions and is currently part of the Herschel Observatory team, looking at far-infrared light from stars forming in our galaxy and across the Universe.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Atom Bomb Beginning 4 mins – “Today, we ask about Germany and the atom bomb in WW-II. The University of Houston’s College of Engineering presents this series about the machines that make our civilization run, and the people whose ingenuity created them. Physicist Jonothan Logan tells a strange tale that begins in 1945, soon after Germany surrendered. Fifteen of Germany’s greatest physicists have been taken to an English country house and asked to write an account of German science during the war.” At the link right-click “Click here for audio of Episode 1127” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Beatles Producer Dies 48 mins – “When you hear the Beatles, in all their joyful, sassy, creative glory, you hear John and Paul and George and Ringo. You also hear the inventive, eclectic, classically-trained genius of their legendary producer, George Martin. They wore beads. He wore sport coats. He saw their magic. They valued his. Together, they made some of the most amazing music ever. It’s worth digging in to how they did that. This hour On Point, Sir George Martin, dead at 90, and his way with the Beatles.” At the link right-click “Download this story” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Beyonce Incident 23 mins – “Sorry to break the news to The Beyhivé, but not everyone loved Beyoncé’s “Formation.” Host James Peterson spoke with Philadelphia journalist Ernest Owens, who lays out his critique of the popular song and video in the Huffington Post. Owens gave his frank opinions on everything from slut shaming to the lack of diversity in Hollywood to why there should be a Bayard Rustin biopic — with him in the title role.” At the link right-click find the title, “Throwing shade at Beyoncé’s ‘Formation,’ slut shaming, and the Oscars,” right-click “Play Now”

Big Data 13 mins – “Information is the new petroleum. Just as oil and its by-products, including gasoline, drove innovation and development in the 20th century, information will spearhead change across the decades of the 21st century. Industry analyst Doug Laney has defined infonomics as the study of the production and consumption of information. In this view, information is accounted for and managed as a business asset. As publishers remake themselves into information providers for the Digital Age, they should abandon the notion of content as their product, says Grace Hong, Vice President of Strategic Markets & Development and General Manager of Learning Solutions for Wolters Kluwer’s Tax & Accounting division. Instead of content in the traditional sense, she explains, publishers must move to the marketplace that Big Data has opened up. “When it comes to big data – and especially when we think about organizations like traditional publishing organizations – data in and of itself is not valuable. It’s really about the insights and the problems that you’re able to solve,” Hong tells CCC’s Chris Kenneally.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Back Holes Collide 22 mins – “On Sept. 14, 2015, at almost the exact same me that a pair of sprawling gravitational-wave detectors heard the last gasp of a collision between two black holes, another, more perplexing observation took place. Over 500 kilometers above the surface of the Earth, the orbiting Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope logged a passing burst of gamma rays, a high-energy form of light. The signal was so slight that the NASA scientists who run the satellite didn’t notice it at first. “[The gravitational-wave detector] LIGO saw a bright event, clear in their data, and we found a little blip in our data that’s really only credible because it happened so close in time to the gravitational wave,” said Valerie Connaughton, a member of the Fermi team. A satellite spotted a burst of light just as gravitational waves rolled in from the collision of two black holes. Was the flash a cosmic coincidence, or do astrophysicists need to rethink what black holes can do?” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Bleach 7 mins – “Should bored chemists decide to spend a wet weekend looking through the contents of their store cupboards at home, they would find few products that depend almost entirely on a single compound. In the food cupboard there’d be the inevitable sodium chloride, but more subtly, amongst the cleaning products, the chances are high that there would be a solution of sodium hypochlorite – because it is better known as bleach. This simple inorganic compound is just NaClO – the only distinction from that common salt is that instead of a chloride ion it has hypochlorite with an added oxygen atom, but the transformation in the substance is striking. Outside of the lab we don’t usually come across anything other than a solution of sodium hypochlorite, but it does form a white powder, which can decompose dramatically when heated, or a yellowish hydrated solid that melts at room temperature….” At the link right-click beside “Download:” at the sound bar and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Book Trends 9 mins – “A special hour on the publishing industry and the resurgence of print–from Amazon’s flirtation with brick-and-mortar bookstores to the success of wholesale suppliers shilling books by the foot as decorative objects. Plus, South Korea’s well-funded quest for a Nobel Prize in Literature, the subversive history of adult coloring books, and more.” At the link find the title, “Print Is Back, Back Again, right-click “Play Now” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Broadband Competition 16 mins – “This week we welcome Gigi Sohn, Counselor to Chairman Wheeler of the Federal Communications Commission, to Community Broadband Bits for episode 192. Before joining the FCC, Gigi was a founder of Public Knowledge. Gigi discusses the pro-competition agenda that Chairman Wheeler has advanced, including the efforts to ensure communities can decide locally whether to build a municipal network or partner. We also discuss other elements of FCC action to encourage competition in the Internet access market, even how television set-top boxes fit in. Echoing some of the comments I regularly hear from some thoughtful listeners, I asked if competition was the best approach given the argument that telecom, and particularly fiber, has the characteristics of a natural monopoly….” At the link right-click “...download this Mp3 fileand select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Brominated Vegetable Oil 7 mins – “You may have heard about sweet, fizzy drinks making people, children in particular, hyperactive. But there’s a compound in many fizzy drinks that can have quite the opposite effect, as Raychelle Burks explains, “Coke, Pepsi, Dr. Pepper, Mt. Dew, Fanta… Some doctors and dentists say we’re drinking too much soda-pop, resulting in too many unwanted pounds and cavities. For one American man in the late 1990s, too much cola resulted in a visit to the emergency department of his local hospital. He complained of headache, fatigue, confusion, and an inability to control bodily movements (called ‘ataxia;). It wasn’t the sugar or caffeine that landed him in emergency care, it was the bromide….” At the link right-click beside “Download:” at the sound bar and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Chiropractor Rant 14 mins – Naturopaths and chiropractors lack the education, the training, and the understanding of medicine and neurology to diagnose and treat concussion. Their therapies are at best useless and can result in strokes in one of our most vulnerable populations, children. Perfect for taking care of childhood concussion. Not.” At the link right-click “Podcast” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Classroom Bicycles 25 mins – “A number of Canadian elementary schools have added stationary bikes in classrooms to help students focus on learning. Teachers have seen attention span increase in class. Today, we look into into the philosophy of “self-regulation” behind the program.” At the link find the title, “Classroom stationary bikes encourage kids to blow off steam while learning – March 11, 2016,” right-click “Media files current 20160311_27682.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Classroom Diversity 22 mins – “Men are definitely in the minority when it comes to teaching, especially in elementary schools. But how important is that fact for our children’s education? We look at a program that wants to recruit more men teachers as part of their diversity quotients.” At the link find the title, “Diversity program for teachers draws criticism for leaving out men – March 8, 2016,” right-click “Media files current 20160308_90494.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Climate Resilient Cities 57 mins – “In his Jan. 2015 State of the City address, Long Beach Mayor Robert Garcia announced that he wanted to make Long Beach a model of a climate resilient city. He asked the Aquarium of the Pacific to take a lead in assessing the primary threats that climate change poses to the city, to identify the most vulnerable neighborhoods and segments of the population, and to provide a preliminary assessment of options to reduce those vulnerabilities. The Aquarium has released a report detailing assessments of the five main threats of climate change to our community (drought, extreme heat, sea level rise and coastal flooding, deteriorating air quality, and public health and social vulnerability), and providing recommendations on actions and steps the city can take to make Long Beach a model of a climate resilient city. Given the City’s size, population demographics, infrastructure, geographical location, and regional economic impact, it has the opportunity to become a model of resiliency.” At the link right-click “Download MP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Collaboration 11 mins – “Listen Up! Day 5: Yes, And… ! Friday, November 20, 2015 12:00 AM It’s day five of Only Human’s Listen Up! bootcamp week. You’ve made it to our final challenge, which ties together everything you’ve learned from this past week. If you’re here for the first time, you can catch up on our previous challenges here. The Challenge: First have a conversation where every response starts with “No.” Then, have another conversation and start every response with “Yes, but.” Finally, have a “Yes, and” conversation. When you’re in a situation where you have to collaborate with other people, it’s easy to get stuck in a sludge of unproductivity. We all have ideas, suggestions, and strong opinions–and everyone wants the opportunity to voice their own. But the way we respond to the ideas of others — down to the very words we choose — can make all the difference. So we’re borrowing an exercise from the world of improv comedy, “Yes, And… ,” which is used to keep conversation flowing. Instead of shutting down the other person’s ideas with “no” or “but,” you build upon them… We’d love to know if this leads to any great or ridiculous conversations! We might include them in our next podcast. Tweet us @onlyhuman or leave us a voicemail at (803) 820-WNYC.” At the link find the title, “Listen Up! Day 5: Yes, And… !,” right-click “Media files onlyhuman112015 cms551616_pod.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Computers for Kids 65 mins – “Anna Adam and Helen Mowers are the creators of Tech Chick Tips, a podcast with tips for educators about using technology in instruction to engage students. Both of us work in Central Texas as the Digital Learning Specialists of Killeen ISD. Anna spent the last 15 years in elementary campuses as a campus instructional technologist. Helen’s 19 years of experience include being a science teacher, instructional technologist, and professional developer.” In this episode they discuss the use of Ozobot, Dash & Dot, Osmo, Tiggly, Make your Face in 3D, Buying a 3D Printer, Dremel, Formlab, Mattel, Pen Pal Schools, and The Internet Ruined my Life. At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Democracy Discovery 55 mins – “Democracy seems to be in peril. There are challenges to the idea of what a society should be, and who has the right to govern, as well as serious questions about the idea of shared values. Guests: John Ralston Saul, Doug Saunders, and Angela Sterritt.” At the link find the title, “The Discovery of Democracy,” right-click “Media files ideas_20160308_64163.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Dental Medicine 86 mins – “Mark Ryder, DMD, looks at conditions, diseases and medications that may negatively impact your oral health and oral conditions that may affect the rest of your body. Recorded on 10/15/2015. (#30143)” At the link “Audi MP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Digital Design Engineer 93 mins “Electrical engineer Dave Vandenbout guides us through a survey of programmable logic devices, and offers advice for young engineers wanting to succeed in the world of digital design.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Dutch East India Company 46 mins – “Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss the Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie or VOC, known in English as the Dutch East India Company. The VOC dominated the spice trade between Asia and Europe for two hundred years, with the British East India Company a distant second. At its peak, the VOC had a virtual monopoly on nutmeg, mace, cloves and cinnamon, displacing the Portuguese and excluding the British, and were the only European traders allowed access to Japan. With Anne Goldgar Reader in Early Modern European History at King’s College London; Chris Nierstrasz Lecturer in Global History at Erasmus University, Rotterdam, formerly at the University of Warwick, and Helen Paul Lecturer in Economics and Economic History at the University of Southampton Producer: Simon Tillotson.” At the link find the title, “The Dutch East India Company, Mar, 2016,” right-click “Media files p03lc0mk.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Ecological Networks 41 mins – “Animals affect plants and other animals in their shared ecosystems through both direct and indirect connections. Dr. Robert Pringle and colleagues study these connections by setting up experimental plots of land from which they exclude different sizes of animals and then measure and compare the effects on various plots. They have documented a large number of both positive and negative effects. To interpret the data and determine the net effects on ecosystems, Dr. Pringle enlisted the help of mathematical modeler Dr. Corina Tarnita.” At the link find the title, “ 2015 Ecology Lecture 5,” right-click “Media files 15Lect5_1000.mp4” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Eological Use of Camera Traps 80 mins – 2 parts “Discussion of camera traps and citizen science projects, with Alexandra Swanson, PhD, University of Oxford, and Roland Kays, PhD, North Carolina State University.” are covered in Discussion One of twenty-four minutes. Discussion Two of fifty-sixminutes continues with cameras, then into related twenty, including marine habitat use, effect on wildlife, use with birds, field experiences, challenges, other survey methods, use of GPS collars, tourism impact and remote-sensing technology to study termites. At the link find the titles, 2015 Ecology Discussion 1,” and “…Discussion 2,” right-click “Media files 15Discussion1_1000.mp4” and “Media files 15Discussion2_1000.mp4” and select “Save Link(s) As” from the pop-up menu.

Ecosystem Restoration 25 mins – “Many large animals are in danger of extinction and, because they have substantial effects on their ecosystems, their potential loss has important ramifications. This has lead to conservation and restoration efforts around the world. One example is Gorongosa National Park in Mozambique. Most large animal populations in Gorongosa were decimated as a result of decades of war. Now, as the park begins to recover, ecologists are devising experiments to understand how the restored ecosystem will be similar to, or different from, the pre-war ecosystem.” At the link find the title, “2015 Ecology Lecture 6,” right-click “Media files 15Lect6_1000.mp4” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Emergency Medicine Stress 35mins – “So I was at the Blood & Sand conference a few weeks ago in the Bahamas. The highlight of the course was a lecture by Mike Mallin. The lecture is now on EMCrit–I’m sure you’ll enjoy it. Thoughts I had during the Talk & Meta Stuff: Sympathetics lead to/augment: fight, flight, freeze, or shout; We need to get Mike on to do a book club on Deep Survival by Laurence Gonzales. Since I’ve started speaking about crics, I’ve received more than 50 emails from people who heard a lecture or a podcast and it gave them a boost to get the job done. That’s why I keep putting up lectures like this one.” At the link right-click “Download “and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Eugenics Movement 46 mins – “In the first half of the 20th century, American eugenicists used forced sterilization to “breed out” traits they considered undesirable. Adam Cohen tells the story in his new book, ‘Imbeciles.’ Also, John Powers reviews Sonny Liew’s new graphic novel ‘The Art of Charlie Chan Hock Chye.’” At the link find the title, “March 7, 2016 The Supreme Court Ruling That Led To 70,000 Forced Sterilizations,” right-click the play button beside “Listen” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Fallacy of the Texas Sharpshooter 44 mins – “Does the Bermuda Triangle seem quite as mysterious once you know that just about any triangle of that size drawn over the globe just about anywhere will contain as many, if not more, missing planes? When you desire meaning, when you want things to line up, when looking for something specific, you tend to notice patterns everywhere, which leads you to ask the question, “What are the odds?” Usually, the odds are actually pretty good. Though some things in life seem too amazing to be coincidence, too odd to be random, too similar to be chance, given enough time (and enough events) randomness will begin to clump in places. You are born looking for clusters where chance events have built up like sand into dunes. Picking out clusters of coincidence is a predicable malfunction of a normal human mind, and it can lead to the Texas Sharpshooter Fallacy.” At the link right-click beside “Direct download:” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Federalist Papers 120 mines – “On Alexander Hamilton/James Madison’s Federalist Papers (1, 10-12, 14-17, 39, 47-51), published as newspaper editorials 1787-8, plus Letters III and IV from Brutus, an Anti-Federalist. What constitutes good government? These founding fathers argued that the proposed Constitution, with its newly centralized–yet also separated-by-branch–powers would be a significant improvement on the Articles of Confederation, which had left states as the ultimate sovereigns. Hear Dylan, Mark, and Seth here rap about factions: Does our current system prevent the abuse of power by interest groups in the way Madison predicted it would? (Hint: no.) If we want to argue for change, we have to diagnose what went wrong in this and other instances: is it that Madison’s/Hamilton’s predictions were simply wrong in some areas, or have the contextual facts (e.g. education and technology levels) changed the situation, and/or do we simply have different central concerns now than we did then? For instance, their fresh-from-the-revolution audience was worried about kingly tyranny, and European powers were skeptical of any democracy, while we face new challenges like the rise of corporations that apparently have personhood according to our Supreme Court.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Food Future 16 mins – “What if we could grow delicious, nutrient-dense food, indoors anywhere in the world? Caleb Harper, director of the Open Agriculture Initiative at the MIT Media Lab, wants to change the food system by connecting growers with technology. Get to know Harper’s “food computers” and catch a glimpse of what the future of farming might look like.” At the link click “Download,” then right-click “Download audio” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Food Sounds 26 mins – “’Sound is the forgotten flavor sense,’ says experimental psychologist Charles Spence. In this episode, we discover how manipulating sound can transform our experience of food and drink, making stale potato chips taste fresh, adding the sensation of cream to black coffee, or boosting the savory, peaty notes in whiskey….” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow at the end of the sound bar and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Fukushima Fifth Year P1 5 mins – “Five years after the Fukushima nuclear meltdown, the radiation in the ocean off the coast of Japan is thousands of times lower than it was the month after the disaster, but water contaminated by the power plant is still slowly seeping into the ocean. Radioactive isotopes from Fukushima have been detected off America’s West Coast, but in levels so low they don’t pose a health risk. “If you get up every day and go swimming in those waters for an entire year, you have (an) additional dose, but it turns out to be about 1,000 times smaller than a single dental X-ray,” said Ken Buesseler, a radiochemist with the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. “I’m not concerned about swimming in the ocean or eating fish from our side of the Pacific.” …Buesseler is critical of the fact that there is no US federal agency responsible for studies of radioactive contaminants in the ocean. “EPA monitors air and drinking water, why aren’t we monitoring our oceans for radioactivity?” Buesseler asked.” At the link find the title, “Fukushima radiation still seeping into the Pacific,” right-click “Media files 03112016_05.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Fukushima Fifth Year P2 8 mins – “…Crews at the nuclear facility are building tanks to hold the tons of water that needs to be piped into the damaged reactors every day to keep nuclear material cool. “The most striking thing is the enormous amount of water tanks that are now on-site,” said journalist Steve Featherstone, who visited the plant last fall while reporting for Popular Science. “If we’re looking at the most immediate problem in the near-term, it’s this water, because it can’t all be captured.” In addition to the cooling water, hundreds of tons of groundwater flows underneath the Fukushima Daiichi site and gets contaminated by nuclear material…. About 167,000 people fled their homes during the nuclear meltdown. Today, about 100,000 people are still displaced, 80,000 of them because they are not allowed to return to their homes. But Featherstone said he was surprised by the reasons keeping some people from moving back to the Fukushima region….” At the link find the title, “Five years after Fukushima, the clean-up has just begun,, March 10, 2016,” right-click “Media files 03102016_08.mp3” and select “Save Link As from the pop-up menu.

Fukushima Survivor 27 mins – “Sixty-five-year-old Hiromitsu Shinkawa survived the 2011 Tsunami by riding the tin roof of a destroyed home. He spent two days alone and adrift at sea on his makeshift raft before rescue. Shortly afterwards he met Miwako Ozawa, a young Japanese translator hired by a journalist to interview him. Five years on, Hiromitsu’s remarkable story of survival and renewal is told through the two halves of their unlikely friendship.” At the link find the title, “Found in Translation, Mar, 2016,” right-click “Media files p03ltm6n.mp3 “ and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Functional Medicine 63 mins – “Sara Gottfried, M.D., Author, The Hormone Cure and The Hormone Reset Diet The Epic Mission: Upgrade Your Brain, Outsmart Your DNA, and Reset Your Hormones Naturally Groundbreaking science now shows that approximately 10 percent of disease is genetic and 90 percent is due to environmental exposures such as the way you eat, move, think and supplement. Gottfried practices functional medicine, a systems-based approach to address health from your DNA to your daily habits. Learn how to optimize brain function and improve wellness and resilience to stress.” At the link right-click “Play Now” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Gaming Research 48 mins – “Dr Adam Gazzaley is Director of the Gazzaley Lab and Professor of Neuroscience, Physiology and Psychiatry at UCSF. His work as a cognitive researcher has reached international acclaim with publications in Nature, The New York Times, TIME, Discover, WIRED and has been the recipient of numerous awards and honors. He wrote and hosted the PBS documentary ‘The Distracted Mind” and continues to do cutting edge research in the area of cognitive neuroscience with a particular interest in how gaming influences cognitive processes. Having completed his MD PhD at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York, research fellowships at UC Berkeley and now sits on the frontier of neuroscience cognitive gaming research, he has walked an incredibly unique path in medicine. This is an exciting conversation I have wanted to have for a long time and we touch on issues related to the gamification of medicine, meditation neuroscience and if there is a scientific basis to enlightenment.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save link As” from the pop-up menu.

Gender Balance in Australia 64 mins – “Federal Minister for Women Senator Michaelia Cash delivers a National Press Club address to mark International Women’s Day.” At the link find the title, “National Press Club: Michaelia Cash, Mar, 2016,” right-click “Media files NPCc_Michaelia Cash 0803_512k.mp4” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Genome Management 42 mins – “The team look at the rapid rise of genome editing procedures and the power scientists now have to tinker with human DNA. Where’s the technology going? And where should it stop?” At the link find the title, “Should we genetically engineer humans? – podcast,” right-click “Media files gdn.science.150430.sb.science-weekly-genetics.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Giftschranks 21 mins – “After the war, many copies were discarded and, for a time, the book was banned. But, not wanting to be seen on par with the book-burning Third Reich, the outright ban on Mein Kampf was only temporary. Ultimately, the issue became a question of how to limit access to the book without outlawing it. The rights to Mein Kampf were given to the Bavarian government, which decided not to publish any new German editions, and worked to ensure the existing copies held by libraries were only used for scholarship, not politics. Fortunately, Germany had a centuries-old system in place for just such a nuanced approach: the Giftschrank….” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow under the title and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Girard P1 55 mins – “French thinker René Girard’s ideas influenced social scientists over his long career as a writer and teacher, until his death in the fall of 2015. In this classic IDEAS series, David Cayley explores the thought of René Girard.” At the link find the title, “The Scapegoat: The Ideas of René Girard, Part 1 (Encore March 5. 2001),” right-click “Media files ideas_20160303_84879.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Girard P2 55 mins – “French thinker René Girard’s ideas influenced social scientists over his long career as a writer and teacher, until his death in the fall of 2015. In this classic IDEAS series, David Cayley explores the thought of René Girard.” At the link find the title, “The Scapegoat: The Ideas of René Girard, Part 2 (Encore March 6, 2001),” right-click “Media files ideas_20160304_80648.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Girard P3 55 mins – “French thinker René Girard’s ideas influenced social scientists over his long career as a writer and teacher, until his death in the fall of 2015. In this classic IDEAS series, David Cayley explores the thought of René Girard.” At the link find the title, “The Scapegoat: The Ideas of René Girard, Part 3 (Encore March 7, 2001),” right-click “Media files ideas_20160310_22105.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Girard P4 55 mins – “French thinker René Girard’s ideas influenced social scientists over his long career as a writer and teacher, until his death in the fall of 2015. In this classic IDEAS series, David Cayley explores the thought of René Girard.” At the link find the title, “The Scapegoat: The Ideas of René Girard, Part 4 (Encore March 8, 2001)” right-click “Media files ideas_20160311_12391.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Government Spending Control 58 mins -”Thomas Schatz, president of Citizens Against Government Waste, discusses his organization’s efforts to bring attention to the issue of government inefficiency and waste.” At the link find the title, “Q&A with Thomas Schatz,” right-click “Media files program.430398.MP3-STD.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Gravity Waves Discovery 35 mins – “Ripples in space-time caused by the violent mergers of black holes have been detected, 100 years after these “gravitational waves” were predicted by Albert Einstein’s theory of general relativity and half a century after physicists set out to look for them. The landmark discovery was reported today by the Advanced Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (Advanced LIGO) team, confirming months of rumors that have surrounded the group’s analysis of its first round of data. Astrophysicists say the detection of gravitational waves opens up a new window on the universe, revealing faraway events that can’t be seen by optical telescopes, but whose faint tremors can be felt, even heard, across the cosmos.” At the link find the title, “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Gravity Waves Discovery 11 mins – “More than a billion years ago, two black holes in a distant galaxy locked into a spiral, falling inexorably toward each other, and collided. “All that energy was pumped into the fabric of time and space itself,” says theoretical physicist Allan Adams, “making the universe explode in roiling waves of gravity.” About 25 years ago, a group of scientists built a giant laser detector called LIGO to search for these kinds of waves, which had been predicted but never observed. In this mind-bending talk, Adams breaks down what happened when, in September 2015, LIGO detected an unthinkably small anomaly, leading to one of the most exciting discoveries in the history of physics.” At the link click the “Download” button, right-click “Download audio” and select “Save Link As’ from the pop-up menu.

Hearing Problem 22 mins “When Rose* was growing up, she knew something wasn’t quite right about how she heard the world. She says it felt like she was isolated by an invisible wall. But when she got typical hearing tests at an audiologist’s office? She aced them, every time. Rose’s problem was particularly bad in noisy places. “It doesn’t take much,” she says. “It could be five computers in a room and a bunch of shuffling around — you lose me at that point.” It took Rose years, and plenty of doctors’ visits, to figure out what was happening. And when she did find out, it was thanks to the persistence of Professor Nina Kraus. Kraus runs an auditory neuroscience laboratory at Northwestern University. For decades, Kraus has been conducting research on Rose and other patients like her to learn just how vital our brains are to understanding sound. And she discovered how hearing difficulties can be a marker for all types of neurological issues — autism, dyslexia, learning delays — that have nothing to do with our ears. *not her real name How our brain translates sound can have a profound impact on how we understand the world around us. Find out more here.‘ At the link find the title, “Your Brain On Sound, Dec, 2015,” right-click “Media files onlyhuman120115 cms554073_pod.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Heroin Addiction 48 mins – “At the height of her addiction to heroin, Tracey Helton Mitchell lived in an alley and sold her body. Now she works as an addiction specialist helping others. Her new memoir is ‘The Big Fix.’ Also, Milo Miles reviews the debut album from percussionist Roman Diaz.” At the link find the title, “ March 8, 2016 Recovering Addict Finds ‘Hope After Heroin’,” right-click “download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Humor Discussed 104 mins – “On Bergson’s Laughter: An Essay on the Meaning of the Comic (1900) – What is humor? Bergson says that, fundamentally, we laugh as a form of social corrective when others are slow to adapt to society’s demands. Other types of humor are derivative from this: just as the clown falls on his face because of a (pretended) physical flaw, as if he’s a machine that doesn’t work and so becomes noticeable as a machine, in satire, we poke fun at society’s breaking down, and in wordplay it’s as if the language is breaking down, and in a sit-com featuring unlikely coincidences, it’s like fate itself is breaking down into senseless patterns of repetition. Mark, Seth, Wes, and Dylan are joined by comedienne Jennifer Dziura, using Bergson as a jumping-off point to throw around lots of theories and questions: is it the unexpected that makes something funny (which would make timing key), or our identification with the funny situation, which would go against Bergson’s notion that you need some distance from the person you’re laughing at, or else you grasp him as an individual and get sucked into the breakdown as tragic? Can deformities be hilarious, as Bergson thinks? What about dark humor, or self-deprecating humor, or the laughter of delight or being tickled?”. At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Hurricane Threats 54 mins – “Texas is home to the Houston Ship Channel, one of the world’s busiest maritime waterways. Also in Houston, and along the channel, are oil refineries and chemical plants that make up the nation’s largest refining and petrochemical complex. It’s a major economic hub. But what would happen to the area if a big hurricane hit? …Then Satija uses Katrina to help frame the potential deadly outcomes of another hurricane and discusses the preventative measures that aren’t being taken to protect the Houston area from a massive oil or chemical spill.” At the link find the title, “Mighty Ike, Mar, 2016, “ right-click “Media files Mighty-Ike_pcast_master_rev2.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

ICU in the Emergency Department 32 mins – “A few years ago, I wrote an article about ED Intensivists and EDICUs. In the article, I discussed the hypothetical stand-alone EDICU. It is hypothetical no more. Kyle Gunnerson, with the support of his chair Bob Neumar, has created the EC3 at University of Michigan. Last week, I visited the unit–it was absolutely incredible! I invited Kyle to our RESUSCITATE NYC conference to discuss the great work he and his team have done.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Incest 55 mins – “McGill University is a world leader in the research and practice of transcultural psychiatry. David Gutnick steps into a world where treatment relies less on medication and more on talk and understanding.” At the link find the title, “Like I Was Talking to Myself in the Mirror,” right-click “Media files ideas_20160302_41325.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Index Funds Creation 17 mins – “A million-dollar bet pits a bunch of really smart money managers against the simplest investment idea in the world.” At the link find the title, “March 4, 2016 #688: Brilliant vs. Boring” right-click “download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Indian Youth 46 mins – “Ten million people enter adulthood every year in India. They are hungry to participate in India’s growing riches. There are obstacles in their way: political corruption, poor education, lack of social mobility. A roiling stew for the world’s largest democracy. With global consequences. This hour On Point, hope and fury for India’s young. Plus, we’ll remember First Lady Nancy Reagan.” At the link right-click “Download this story” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Investment Withdrawals 47 mins – “Paul explores the question, “How much can you take out of your investments in retirement?” He focuses on people who want to invest with an amount of money that will last a lifetime but is just “enough.” This scenario is often considered by people who are eager to retire, even if it means living on less. There are five tables that should be downloaded to view while listening to the podcast. These are the Fine Tuning Your Asset Allocation Tables and Table 1 (3% distribution), Table 2 (4% distribution), Table 3 (5% distribution) and Table 4 (6% distribution).At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Iran Revolution 55 mins – “When Marina Nemat was 16 she was arrested at gunpoint and sentenced to life in Iran’s most notorious prison. She now lives just north of Toronto, and argues that the best way to combat evil in the world is through small acts of kindness.” At the link find the title, “Hope Within Horror: Marina Nemat,” right-click “Media files ideas_20160301_49463.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

ISIS Children 26 mins – “Caliphate cubs is what ISIS calls its many child soldiers. The Current looks into a generation that’s known nothing but the so-called Caliphate. Plus we hear from retired Lieutenant-General Roméo Dallaire on Canada’s role in new tactics to defeat them.” At the link find the title, “ISIS defeat impossible without help for indoctrinated child soldiers, says Roméo Dallaire – March 11, 2016,” right-click “Media files current 20160311_36735.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Journalist Fussman Interview 202 mins – “…This episode is very special to me and features a verbal Jedi who never gets interviewed himself: Cal Fussman. Cal (@calfussman) is a New York Times bestselling author and a writer-at-large for Esquire Magazine, where he is best known for being a primary writer of the “What I Learned” feature. The Austin Chronicle has described Cal’s interviewing skills as “peerless.” He has transformed oral history into an art form, conducting probing interviews with the icons who’ve shaped the last 50 years of world history: Mikhail Gorbachev, Jimmy Carter, Ted Kennedy, Jeff Bezos, Richard Branson, Jack Welch, Robert DeNiro, Clint Eastwood, Al Pacino, George Clooney, Leonardo DiCaprio, Tom Hanks, Bruce Springsteen, Dr. Dre, Quincy Jones, Woody Allen, Barbara Walters, Pelé, Yao Ming, Serena Williams, John Wooden, Muhammad Ali, and countless others. Born in Brooklyn, Cal spent 10 straight years traveling the world, swimming over 18-foot tiger sharks, rolling around with mountain gorillas in Rwanda, and searching for gold in the Amazon. He has also made himself a guinea pig — Cal has boxed against world champion Julio Cesar Chavez and served as a sommelier atop of the World Trade Center…. ” His recommended reading is “Between the World and Me,” by Ta-Nehisi Coates At the link find the title, “The Interview Master: Cal Fussman and the Power of Listening,” right-click “Media files Tim Ferriss Show-Cal Fussman.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Keep It In the Ground Bill 57 mins – “On Feb. 11, 2016, 350.org Co-Founder Bill McKibben and grassroots leaders joined Congressman Jared Huffman (D-CA) and 16 other members of Congress to introduce the “Keep It In the Ground Bill,” in the U.S. House of Representatives. This legislation would prohibit new leases for coal, oil, and gas on all federal lands and waters, halting new leases for offshore drilling in the Pacific and the Gulf of Mexico, and permanently protecting the Arctic and Atlantic coasts. Today we’ll be joined by Bill McKibben and Tara Houska, the National Campaigns Director of Honor the Earth and a Native American advisor to the Bernie Sanders campaign.” At the link right-click “Download MP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Kidnapped in Mexico 27 mins – “Mexico, with its history of drug-war violence and corrupt police, has one of the highest kidnapping rates in the world. Official figures for 2015 state that just over 1500 people were taken. Unofficially the figures are said to be much higher…..running into the tens of thousands. In the past the crime tended to target the rich but now it has become much more egalitarian…- shopkeepers, taxi drivers, service employees and people working in Mexico’s informal economy. Victims tend to be young – students with parents willing to pay ransoms, are frequently targeted. Kidnapping and ransom operations form a large part of drug cartels’ criminal portfolio. With a lack of trust in the authorities there’s been a significant rise in the number of private negotiators who deal with the ransom negotiations. The BBC’s Vladmir Hernandez has obtained exclusive access into the world of these private negotiators and tells their rarely told story….” At the link find the title, “Kidnapped in Mexico, Mar, 2016,” right-click “Media files p03m1zb1.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Kill Chain 51mins – “Assassination by drone is a subject of deep and enduring fascination. Yet few understand how and why this has become our principal way of waging war. This week we speak with Andrew Cockburn, author of the new book, Kill Chain: The Rise of the High-Tech Assassins, as he helps uncover the real and extraordinary story about drone warfare and the ways in which the technology works and, despite official claims, does not work. Additionally, we discuss what has really happened when the theories underpinning the strategy — and the multi-billion dollar contracts they spawn — have been put to the test. Drawing on sources deep in the military and intelligence establishments, Andrew Cockburn unveils the true effects, as demonstrated by bloody experience, of assassination warfare….” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Laser Optics 73 mins – “Mark Morin of Nufern joins us to speak about lasers, optics, obsolete components, books and available jobs.”At the link right-click “download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Lasers in Dentistry 58 mins – “Drilling with out a drill? Peter Rechmann, DMD, talks about the world of laser dentistry, what it can do and how it works. Recorded on 10/22/2015. (#30144)” At the link “Audi MP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Lithium Damages Kidneys 24 mins – “Your Sanity or Your Kidneys This week we’re revisiting the story of a woman making a very difficult decision. Jaime Lowe started taking lithium when she was 17, after a manic episode landed her in a psychiatric ward. She was diagnosed with bipolar disorder,and for more than 20 years, the drug has been her near-constant companion. She’s taken it for so long that she can’t say for sure where she ends and lithium begins. “It’s hard to know if lithium is actually — like, if it dampens my personality, or if it normalizes my personality, or if it allows me to just sort of be who I am,” she says. Jaime tried to go off of lithium only once, in her mid-20s, and the result was not good. She developed grand delusions. She would start an organization to defend the First Amendment. She would marry a friend she only recently met. She would change the world. She sent wild emails to would-be employers, adorned herself with glitter and stacks of necklaces, and barely slept. When she finally pulled herself back together again, Jaime made a resolution. She’d stick with lithium. And that worked — until she learned last year that her long-term lithium use has taken a physical toll. It’s damaged her kidneys. Now, she faces a choice that’s not much of choice at all: an eventual kidney transplant, or going off the drug that has kept her sane all these years.” At the link find the title, “Your Sanity or Your Kidneys,” right-click “Media files onlyhuman030116_cms579631_pod.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Maple Syrup 38 mins – “Many people only think of maple syrup at the breakfast table, when they’re facing down a stack of hot, fluffy pancakes or some French toast. They’re missing out. Maple is undergoing a major boom, newly ascendant in beverage aisles, Asian kitchens, and even biomedical research laboratories. In this episode, we visit sugar shacks and talk to the experts to find out why tree sap is so hot right now—and whether it can live up to the hype. For some of its advocates, maple represents something of a Holy Grail: a healthy sweetener. As it turns out, the use of maple as a health tonic goes back to Native American tradition. And today’s maple boom is not the first either: for the colonists in New England who learned the trick of tapping maples from those Native Americans, maple sugar was the sweetener of choice, as an economic weapon against slavery. By the early 1900s, however, the maple harvest had become a nostalgic regional tradition—an old-school winter treat, rather than an industry….” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow at the right end of the sound bar and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Marijuana Medicine 60 mins – “This week, we’re taking a closer look at the medical marijuana controversy. How effective is medical marijuana and for what conditions is it a suitable treatment? In our attempt to separate evidence from anecdote we’re joined by a panel of three: Dr. David Casarett, a palliative care physician and author of the book “Stoned: A Doctor’s Case for Medical Marijuana”; Dr. Robert Wolff, a systematic reviewer for Kleijnen Systematic Reviews and coauthor of a recent systematic review to assess benefits and harms of cannabis for medical use; and Dr. Marcel Bonn-Miller, assistant professor in the Department of Psychiatry….” At the link find the title, “#360 Medical Marijuana, Mar, 2016,” right-click “Media files Science for the People 360 Medical Marijuana.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Maya Civilization 47 mins – “Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss the Maya Civilization, developed by the Maya people, which flourished in central America from around 250 AD in great cities such as Chichen Itza and Uxmal with advances in mathematics, architecture and astronomy. Long before the Spanish Conquest in the 16th Century, major cities had been abandoned for reasons unknown, although there are many theories including overpopulation and changing climate. The hundreds of Maya sites across Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Mexico raise intriguing questions about one of the world’s great pre-industrial civilizations. With Elizabeth Graham Professor of Mesoamerican Archaeology at University College London; Matthew Restall Edwin Erle Sparks Professor of Latin American History and Anthropology at Pennsylvania State University, and Benjamin Vis Eastern ARC Research Fellow in Digital Humanities at the University of Kent. Producer: Simon Tillotson.” At the link find the title, “The Maya Civilization, Mar, 2016,” right-click “Media files p03m4k6z.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

MCAT Mistakes 39 mins – “172: Common MCAT Prep Mistakes Premeds Make and How to Avoid Them – Another great discussion today as we bring in, Ken, a Princeton Review instructor, tutor, and a premed himself at one point. Preparing for the MCAT basically starts once you set foot on college campus. Today, they talk about the common mistakes premed students make as they prepare for the MCAT. Listen in to gain new insights and advice so hopefully, you won’t make these mistakes discussed on the show….” At the link right-click the icon beside “172” episode number beside the title, and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Memorizing 8 mins – “Listen Up! Day 4: Memorize This! It’s Day Four of our Listen Up! bootcamp week. Today we’re putting your memory to the test. And if you’re here for the first time, you can catch up on our previous challenges here. Today’s Challenge: Listen to our podcast with today’s guest Joshua Foer. Then apply Foer’s memory trick in our quiz at the bottom of the page. It includes a video, where you’ll be introduced to several people, and questions about them. And if you’ve got an occasion today to meet lots of people, try it out in real life. Let us know how you do! If you have to make something memorable, you have to make it weird. At least for information lacking much context — like meeting a lot of new people at once…The good news is that memory can be learned, and it’s a skill you can work on. But Foer also reminds us of the importance of paying attention, and — remember yesterday’s episode? — caring a little more. How did you do? What was the weirdest mental image you came up with to memorize a name? Tweet us @onlyhuman or leave us a voicemail at (803) 820-WNYC.” At the link find the title, “Listen Up! Day 4: Memorize This!” right-click “Media files onlyhuman111915_cms550679_pod.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Mezcal 60 mins – “It’s nearly the Day of the Dead in Mexico, which gives us the perfect excuse to get familiar with the country’s national spirit: tequila. Or wait, should that be mezcal? And what’s the difference, anyway? In this episode of Gastropod, Cynthia and Nicky travel to Mexico to explore the history and science of distilled agave, and get tangled up in a complex story of controversies, clones, and culture….” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow at the end of the sound bar and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Millennial Wage Gap 17 mins – “Last year, millennials – those born between 1981 and 2000– overtook Baby Boomers as the largest generation in the U.S. The largest share of the voting-age population. Yet a new report says, despite their numbers, millennial wages have remained mostly stagnant since the 80s. With employers less willing to raise the pay. What is going on with millennials’ wages? On Point was joined today by Brendan Duke, the associate Director of Economic Policy at the Center for American Progress, and Alicia Sasser Modestino, professor of economics and public policy at Northeastern University, to talk wage growth, wage stalls and the millennial economy.” At the link right-click “Download this story” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Monarch Butterfly Status 3 mins – “There’s some good news for monarch butterflies this winter. The iconic black and orange-yellow migratory butterflies have been dying off over the past several years due to habitat loss. But this winter, the number of monarchs hibernating in southern Mexico has rebounded, according to a December survey. Winter colonies covered about 10 acres of forest this winter, up from around three last winter… The migratory population of monarchs is among the longest travellers in the insect world, flying as much as 2,800 miles from Canada or the US to Mexico in the fall. The flight back north takes four or five generations, and it’s not known how butterfly offspring find their way back to the winter sanctuary in Mexico each year. “It’s biologically a very unique migration,” Rickards says. “It’s also iconic; it binds all three countries and it’s a symbol of cooperation.” At the link find the title, “The monarch butterfly, a symbol of North American cooperation, rebounds this winter,” right-click “Media files 03072016_04.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Money Laundering 17 mins –One day in the early 1990s, a man walked into the U.S. embassy in Ecuador. He said he had information on how to go after some of most powerful drug traffickers in the world.” At the link find the title, “#418: The Government’s Fake Bank For Drug Money,” right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Moral Limits of Markets 88 mins – “On his book What Money Can’t Buy: the Moral Limits of Markets (2012), and also bringing Sandel into the discussion begun without him in our last episode about his first book, Liberalism and the Limits of Justice. Free economic transactions are supposed to benefit both the buyer and the seller, so why not allow prostitution, vote buying, pay-to-immigrate, selling ad space on your house or body, and premium versions of everything for those willing to pay more? Sandel thinks that these practices are degrading even if uncoerced, and argues that classical liberalism–by trying to maintain neutrality on philosophical questions like “what is the good?”–doesn’t have the resources to prevent rampant and undesirable commodification.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

MS370 Crash Search 4 mins – “It’s two years to the day since Malaysia Airlines flight 370 mysteriously went off course and disappeared over the Indian Ocean. It remains one of the world’s greatest aviation mysteries. The search for MH370 continues, though, and it will go on at least until the southern winter sets in, in June. That search is costing a small fortune, upward of $120 million…The big fear is that if this was a mechanical or electrical failure, then it could happen to other planes. “It really is essential for this undersea search to be successful.” At the link find the title, “Two years after flight MH370 went missing, the search continues, March 08, 2016,” right-click “Media files 03082016_09.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Music Boosts Endorphins 18 mins – “It is common to observe monkeys and apes grooming each other. It is bonding behaviour. But there is a drawback. Time limits the number of individuals with whom you can bond. Robin Dunbar argues singing and dancing are used in the same way by humans but with the advantage of bonding larger groups than can our nit-picking ancestors. Singing and dancing are intensely social and highly synchronised activities. The synchronicity and low level stress triggers pleasure hormones, endorphins. Singing is thought to have originated close to 500,000 years ago, followed by anatomical changes which then allowed language to develop between 200,000 and 100,000 years ago.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Musical Medicine 30 mins – “If you had to make a playlist of your life, what would be on it? And if, toward the end of your life, your mind and memories were fading away, would this soundtrack help bring them back? Catalyst takes you inside an extraordinary new program which is revealing that personalised playlists can re-awaken the brains of people with advanced dementia … and even allow people with severe Parkinsons to unfreeze and move. Along the way we look more deeply at the power of music in all our lives – why is it so emotional, so memorable and so powerful that even when much of the brain is gone, music can bring it alive?” At the link right-click “download video mp4” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Newfoundland Financial Crisis 25 mins – “It’s all money and politics in the legislature of Newfoundland and Labrador. We speak to Finance Minister Cathy Bennett who is quick to blame the former government for much of the province’s problems and ask how she plans to solve this financial crisis.” At the link find the title, “N.L. needs $15.4B by 2020 to get out of deficit, says finance minister – March 10, 2016,” right-click “Media files current 20160310_59698.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Ocean Archaeology 11 mins -“Hundreds of meters below the surface of the ocean, Laura Robinson probes the steep slopes of massive undersea mountains. She’s on the hunt for thousand-year-old corals that she can test in a nuclear reactor to discover how the ocean changes over time. By studying the history of the earth, Robinson hopes to find clues of what might happen in the future.” At the link click “Download,” right-click “Download audio” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Oppenheimer on Science Advisors 126 mins – “Discussing Lynda Walsh’s book Scientists as Prophets: A Rhetorical Genealogy (2013) with the author, focusing on Robert J. Oppenheimer. We also read a speech from 1950 he gave called “The Encouragement of Science.” What is the role of the science adviser? Should scientists just “stick to the facts,” or can only someone with technical knowledge make decisions about what to actually do? After leading the atomic bomb project during WWII, Oppenheimer thought that scientists needed to become politicians themselves to make sure that the power of technology wasn’t abused. His views about openness (sharing weapons tech with other governments) didn’t go over well with the Eisenhower administration, and he was stripped of his security clearance. Lynda’s book is not philosophy, exactly, but about rhetoric. Her thesis is that the social role of preacher-scientists like Oppenheimer is comparable to that of ancient prophets like the Oracle at Delphi: they serve to bring about political certainty by providing knowledge inaccessible to ordinary citizens…” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Pat Conroy Dies 46 mins – “Conroy, who died last week, was the author of several books, two of which — ‘The Great Santini’ and ‘The Prince of Tides’ — were made into feature films. He spoke to Terry Gross in 1987, 1995 and 2002. Also, rock historian Ed Ward tells the story of Billy Ward and the Dominoes.” At the link find the title, “March 11, 2016 Remembering Author Pat Conroy,” right-click the play button beside “Listen” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Predicting Crime Spots 11 mins – “Jeff Brantingham used crime data and a team of maths modellers to plot crime in Los Angeles and other US cities. The models reveal patterns allowing crime to be predicted. This is then used by police in allocation of resources. A visible police presence helps in reducing crime.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Prodigies 59mins – “We talk to Joanne Ruthsatz and Kimberly Stephens, authors of The Prodigy’s Cousin: The Family Link Between Autism and Extraordinary Talent.” At the link find the title, “124 Joanne Ruthsatz & Kimberly Stephens – Is There a Link Between Prodigy and Autism?” right-click “Media files 48ed9af9-a502-4731-91d6-1daeb9bd23e7.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Race and Research 15 mins – “Social justice advocate and law scholar Dorothy Roberts has a precise and powerful message: Race-based medicine is bad medicine. Even today, many doctors still use race as a medical shortcut; they make important decisions about things like pain tolerance based on a patient’s skin color instead of medical observation and measurement. In this searing talk, Roberts lays out the lingering traces of race-based medicine — and invites us to be a part of ending it. “It is more urgent than ever to finally abandon this backward legacy,” she says, “and to affirm our common humanity by ending the social inequalities that truly divide us.” At the link click “Download,” then right-click “Download audio” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Restaurant Revolution 44 mins – “The restaurant business model is warped: kitchen wages are too low to hire cooks, while diners are put in charge of paying the waitstaff. So what happens if you eliminate tipping, raise menu prices, and redistribute the wealth? New York restaurant maverick Danny Meyer is about to find out.” At the link find the title, “The No-Tipping Point, Mar, 2016,” right-click “Media files freakonomics_podcast030916.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Science Research 57 mins – Australia’s Chief Scientists, Dr Alan Finkel, addresses the National Press Club in Canberra about the country’s science research. At the link find the title, “National Press Club: Alan Finkel, Mar, 2016,” right-click “Media files NPCc_AlanFinkel_0203_512k.mp4” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Sepsis 3.0 P1 27 mins – “Hear from the lead author of the new Sepsis 3.0 definitions… Sepsis is not just an inflammatory response to an infection.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Sepsis 3.0 P2 27 mins – “Cliff Deutschman, coauthor of the Sepsis 3.0 overview paper, reached out to me because he had additional thoughts he wanted to add to Merv Singer on Podcast 169. He also did not want Merv’s mustache getting all of the sepsis attention.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Sexual Arousal 25 mins – “The only sexual education Nicole Prause had growing up in a small town in Texas was how to practice abstinence. Then she went to college at Indiana University and started working at a sex laboratory at the famed Kinsey Institute. But the subject was still taboo at home. Prause would start talking about her job and her stepmom would say, “Not at the dinner table.” That hush-hush attitude only served to convince the sex researcher and neuroscientist that women learn about sexuality the wrong way – with an emphasis on the risk of pregnancy or STIs, never on sexual pleasure or desire. When a “female Viagra”, called Addyi, was introduced last year to rev up women’s sex drives, it was received with far less enthusiasm than its male counterpart. Mainly it’s because the drug isn’t all that effective: it only helped 10 percent more people than the placebo. The drug also comes with caveats: like not being able to drink alcohol or combine it with other medication. Addyi wasn’t the first attempt to address female libido through medication, and it probably won’t be the last. But Prause is more interested in an element of desire that the drugs can overlook. “If you take a Viagra and your partner is still very unattractive to you, or being mean to you, the Viagra will not be effective,” Prause says. Her mission is not to create a new, more effective drug, but to understand the mechanism of desire. She’s focusing a lot on stimulating the brain to figure out what makes people want to have pleasurable sex. Prause has used several tools to dissect this misunderstood science – from transcranial magnetic stimulation, a much milder shock therapy, to devices like an anal pressure gauge that she designed herself. Nicole Prause uses devices to stimulate sexual pleasure in her studies. And while the scientist is focused on her laboratory, Liberos, she says the conversation around female sexuality needs to shift, especially in heterosexual relationships. Women often sacrifice their own desire to cater to, or “keep up”, with their partners. And men are not on the same wave length. “To continually kind of deny that we have an interest in sexuality and make those demands…you really need to slow down [and communicate],” Prause said. “And then we will have better partners.” At the link find the title “The Science of Turning Her On, Mar, 2016,” right-click “Media files onlyhuman030816_cms582149_pod.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Ship Salvage Operations 91 mins – “When ships have an engine casualty, run aground or have a fire on board they need to be salvaged or their wreck removed. Specialised companies, like Ardent, focus on salvaging ships or removing wrecks. These tasks are sometimes challenging from an engineering perspective, and always interesting from the business side. In this episode we talk with Ardent‘s Bram Sperling, a senior salvage master, about both these aspects of salvage and wreck removal operations.” At the link find the title, “198 – Ship Salvage,” right-click “Media files omegatau-198-shipSalvage.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

South African Drought 5 mins – “In my little garden here in Pretoria, sprinklers automatically go off every morning at 8. They’re doing a good job. My cucumbers have outgrown their trellis, I can’t keep up with all the spinach, and, as usual, mint and morning glories are trying to take over. Without the irrigation system, my garden would look very different. It would look more like my friend Mavis’ garden — a dusty patch of seedlings. Mavis lives in the township of Mamelodi. She’s a domestic worker who cleans homes in neighborhoods like mine to support her five children and seven grandchildren. As usual, she’s put in cucumbers, spinach and green beans in her garden next to her small cement house. But this year, she says, “it’s not working.”It’s not working because South Africa is suffering through its worst drought in more than 35 years… The crisis has led Zimbabwe’s government to declare a state of disaster. Orr says it’s especially important to do these things now, because while the current drought is likely tied to the temporary global El Niño event, climate scientists predict that southern Africa will be generally hotter and drier in the future. The ins and outs of El Niño and climate change are a little abstract to Mavis, but she knows something’s wrong. “I think it’s a change of weather, I don’t know,” she says. “Because everything now is changing.” Since she was a girl, Mavis says, she’s waited for the weeklong soft rain known as Nedupi to plant her crops. Nedupi just didn’t come this year. But she’s holding out hope that the prayers for rain will still be answered. “I want rain every day,” Mavis says….” At the link find the title, “For one South African house cleaner, this year’s big drought means crying, hungry children,” right-click “Media files 03072016_05.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Space Travel 47 mins – “Astronaut Scott Kelly is back on Earth after 340 days in space, and being poked and prodded and tested every which way by NASA to learn the effect on the human body of all that time out there. He’s a great subject to study because he has an identical twin, Mark Kelly, who was on Earth all that time. This all matters because the body – and maybe mind – change plenty in space. And the US is committed to going to Mars in the 2030s. That’s a long trip. This hour On Point, space and the human body.” At the link right-click “Download this story” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Stalin’s Boyhood 25 mins – “Young Stalin begins the process of moving away from the Seminary and towards the life of a revolutionary.” At the link right-click beside “Direct download:” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Stroke Victim Story 30 mins – “In this Designability lecture, Kate Allatt shares an inspiring story of about self-management, patient engagement, dignity and future assistive technology opportunities. Kate’s motto is to never lower patient recovery expectations because there are no promises, just possibilities. She is the author of ‘Running Free – Breaking out of Locked In Syndrome’ and ‘Extraordinary Woman Winner 2011’.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Supreme Court Comments 56 mins – “Justice Scalia of the Supreme Court dies and CEO Tim Cook and Apple go toe-to-toe with the U.S. Government over privacy.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Terrorism 106 mins – “We’re joined by an international terrorism expert to discuss how to define terrorism and whether it can ever be ethical. We read: -Donald Black’s “The Geometry of Terrorism” (2004) -J. Angelo Corlett’s “Can Terrorism be Morally Justified?” (1996) -Igor Primoratz’s article on terrorism in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2007, revised 2011); -Karl Heinzen’s Murder and Freedom (1853) -Bhagat Singh’s “The Philosophy of the Bomb: A Brief Response to Gandhi” (1930), and Carl von Clausewitz’s On War (introduction) (1816ish). Jon advises the U.S. government and has written textbooks on terrorism. He puts al-Qaeda in historical perspective, helps work through definitions from Black’s “pure terrorism” (which has an “upwards” social geometry requiring both geographic access and cultural difference) to Corlett’s attempt to construct a definition that doesn’t automatically rig the moral question. Primoratz helps us ask whether harming innocents (e.g. in a war where you’re threatened with extinction) is ever justified, and Heinzen and Singh preach violence against violence, where the state itself, being founded on violence, can’t be effectively fought through “soul force” alone. We also discuss how the philosophical questions relate to the practical ones: do we even need a definition, or is a practical scheme of classification sufficient for all practical purposes? Plus, a bit on gun control and the state’s monopoly on force.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Terrorism Insights 55 mins – “For the past 15 years, the West has been preoccupied by security and how to deal with the threat posed first by al-Qaeda and its offshoots, and now by ISIS. What makes terrorists tick and is it possible to divert them from their violent ideology?” At the link find the title, “The Enright Files – What makes terrorists tick?” right-click “Media files ideas_20160307_50582.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Turmeric, etc 46 mins – “Turmeric does not actually appear in Frank Herbert’s beloved novel, Dune. But in that novel something called “the spice” is apparently the coolest thing the galaxy has to offer. It’s kind of like the ultimate nootropic combined with MDMA, giving its users the wisdom of Solomon, the grooviness of the Beatles, and the soul of James Brown. (All with no hangover.) No such spice exists on Earth, unfortunately. But as spices go, our world is not totally out of luck. We have turmeric: a readily-available plant that has been a mainstay of Indian and Asian cooking for millenia. Turmeric root is chock-full of bioactive curcuminoid compounds that have been shown to provide benefits from reducing oxidative stress to reducing psychological stress. Turmeric can even reduce the stress of knowing how to make a tasty dinner. Rare among the compounds we talk about on Smart Drug Smarts, turmeric tastes amazing.

Turkish Newspaper Takeover 20 mins – “The Turkish government has taken over one of the country’s largest top media outlets as part of a wider crackdown. But will the West – which needs Turkey onside to deal with the refugees and ISIS – stand up for press freedom in that nation.” At the link find the title, “Turkey’s government tramples on press freedom with newspaper takeover, critics say – March 8, 2016,” right-click “Media files current 20160308_49925.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Uterine Transplants 47 mins – “News this week of the first transplanted uterus in the United States. It seemed like a shocking idea, but there was the young woman, talking about her dreams coming true. Then yesterday, news that the transplant has failed. But globally, this is happening. Five children, already born in Sweden from transplanted uteri. More are planned here. This hour On Point, the how and why and “should we” of uterus transplantation. And the latest on a big advance in kidney transplants.” At the link right-click “Download this story” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

War Correspondent 9 mins – “When New York Times book critic Michiko Kakutani reviewed reporter Kim Barker’s 2011 memoir, The Taliban Shuffle, she described Barker as “a sort of Tina Fey character, who unexpectedly finds herself addicted to the adrenaline rush of war.” That line piqued the interest of a certain actress and producer; not long after, Paramount Pictures acquired the rights to The Taliban Shuffle. The resulting movie, Whiskey Tango Foxtrot, stars Fey as a journalist named “Kim Baker.” Bob talks with Kim Barker about how she learned the ropes as a conflict journalist in the early days of war in Afghanistan, and what it’s like to have Tina Fey play you in a movie.” At the link find the title, “ A War Reporter Played By Tina Fey,” right-click “Play Now” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Workforce Changes P1 18 mins – “Jobs in the Burin Peninsula are drying up and forcing workers in the region to rethink their futures. This unprecedented fiscal situation has seen the number of employed drop from over a thousand to five. We hear how workers are surviving this situation.” At the link find the title, “Burin Peninsula workers face hardship as jobs evaporate – March 9, 2016,” right-click “Media files current_20160309_44662.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Workforce Changes P2 24 mins – “Newfoundlanders have been leaving from home to work for generations, but all that is changing. With the workforce looking towards an uncertain future, people in the area tell us how they’re handling the economic downturn.” At the link find the title, “Newfoundland tradition of working away from home reverses amid Alberta’s downturn – March 9, 2016,” right-click “Media files current_20160309_53889.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Workforce Changes P3 24 mins – “Today’s 30-somethings who left for school and work, returned when Newfoundland’s economy boomed. Now they’re in the same boat as older residents, with an unknown future.” At the link find the title, “The generation that returned to a booming Newfoundland worries for their future – March 9, 2016,” right-click “Media files current_20160309_92794.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

 

Thanks for stopping by.

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About virginiajim

Retired knowledge nut.
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