Media Mining Digest 243 – Jul 8, 2016: Back and Neck Pain, Bathroom History, Best Teachers, Bioengineering Trends, Bitcoin Control Problem,Black Distiller, Black Holes, Black Twitter, Bone Research, Book Celebration, Brazil, Brexit, Burglar Guide to City, Business Operation Changes, Character Lessons, Child Raising, Climate Change Panel, Coyotes, Criminal Record Disclosure, Demographic Imbalance, Desert Farming, Disabilities Act Convention, Dolly Project vs CRISPR, Drug Research, Dyslexia Story, Education In Finland, Educational Trends, Electric Eels, Engineer Dave Young, ER Lessons, Flooding Concerns, Food Packaging, Gandhi, Independent U.S. Voters, Indian Land Reform, Indira Gandhi, Investing for Kids, Jesus’s Wife, Juno Mission, Kids and Money, Learning Techniques, Legionnaire Disease Prevention, Male Contraception, Marvin Kaplan, Mental Illness Solution, Microbes and Electricity, Moral Decisions, Moselio Schaechter, Net Zero Energy Buildings, Neurosurgeon, Pakistan Founder, Paleovedic Diet, Plankton Changes, Podcast History, Podland, Police Aggressiveness, Prisons for Profit, Renewable Future, Researcher Carolyn Bertozzi, Researcher Eric Green, Ribosome Researcher, Robot Teachers, Rock Snot, Romance Novels, Sea Rise Business, Skinhead, Stonewall In Gay Riot, Sugar Research, Supreme Court and Politics, Syrian Conflict, Technology Future, Terrorism, Untouchables, Veterans Crisis Line, Viral Oncology, Water Initiative, Watts Riot, Women Founders, Work Future, World War One

The best 90 podcasts from a larger group of 294 for the week are shown below. Double or ctrl-click individual highlighted titles to get single podcasts and explore the source, although it’s easier to get all of them as a zip file here for the next four months.  A collection of over 9000 similar podcasts grouped by topic can be downloaded piecemeal here,  but you will be limited to a 4GB maximum per download, so twelve of those will be needed to get all files, which total over 45GB and will take  awhile. The first entry of that collection is a text file listing all the titles for quick searches and researching.  All these abstracts have also been assembled alphabetically in three free large volumes at this link and are updated quarterly.  Even more diversity is possible using a podcast aggregator loaded with this opml file of 325 sources so even the discarded podcasts can be downloaded.

Back and Neck Pain 79 mins – “Dr. Mario De Pinto explores the sources and causes of neck and low back pain and the short and long term management to achieve adequate pain control. Recorded on 03/10/2016. (#30800)” At the link right-click “Audio MP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Bathroom History 42 mins – “Common sense used to dictate that men and women should only come together for breakfast and dinner. According to Victorian historian Kaythrn Hughes, people in the early 19th Century thought the outside world was dangerous and unclean and morally dubious and thus no place for a virtuous, fragile woman. The home was a paradise, while men went out into the world and got their hands dirty. By the mid 1800s, women were leaving home to work in factories and much more, and if you believed in preserving the separate spheres, the concept that men and women should only cross paths at breakfast and dinner, then as we approached the 20th century, this created a lot of anxiety for you. In this episode of the You Are Not So Smart Podcast, we explore how the separate spheres ideology is still affecting us today, and how some people are using it to scare people into voting down anti-discrimination legislation.” At the link right-click “Direct download: 079-Separate Spheres.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Best Teachers 28 mins – “Studies have shown that the most important thing in a child’s education is the quality of their teacher. A child at a bad school with a good teacher can learn more than someone at a good school getting bad tuition. Doug Lemov has trained thousands of teachers in the UK in how to use their classroom time effectively – keeping children focused with the most subtle of techniques and gestures. His work is based on identifying the most successful teachers in the world, filming them, and studying their methods. He believes that weak teachers can be turned into strong performers, and that the children who benefit most a well-run classroom are those from the most disadvantaged families.” At the link right-click “Download MP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Bioengineering Trends 69 mins – “In conversation with Rodney W. Nichols, Consultant on Science and Technology Policy, Drew Endy, Associate Professor of Bioengineering at Stanford University, Laurie Garrett, CFR Senior Fellow for Global Health, and Julie Gerberding, Executive Vice President, Strategic Communications, Global Public Policy and Population Health, Merck & Co, Inc. discuss the latest developments in synthetic biology and biotechnology, their implications for U.S. national security over the next decade, and the policy prescriptions they have going forward.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow on the sound bar and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Bitcoin Control Problem 20 mins – “Bitcoin was supposed to revolutionize the way money works. But the thing people love about it may be destroying it.” At the link find the title, “#708: Bitcoin Divided, Jun, 2016,” right-click “Media files 20160629_pmoney_podcast062916j.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Black Distiller 28 mins – “Jim al-Khalili talks to botanist Geoff Palmer, the UK’s only professor of brewing and distilling, about revolutionising the malting industry and his unusual scientific career after arriving from Jamaica in 1955 as a 14 year old boy. When he went for an interview for an MSc in 1964 the representative from the Ministry of Agriculture suggested he go back home and grow bananas. Why? Because he didn’t know the difference between wheat and barley. Undeterred he went on to become a world authority on barley, brewing and distilling and Scotland’s first black professor. His research on how malt could be made more quickly saved the brewing industry millions. But he says, it’s only through good luck and with the help of good Samaritans that his career took the course it did, helping him get to university and even to finish school. Now at the age of 75, he’s still fighting to make education and a scientific career available to everyone, regardless of their background.” At the link find the title, “Geoff Palmer, Aug, 2015,” right-click “Media files p02yt3kq.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Black Holes – Hawking P1 28 mins – “Professor Stephen Hawking delivers the first of his two BBC Reith Lectures on black holes. These collapsed stars challenge the very nature of space and time, as they contain a singularity – a phenomenon where the normal rules of the universe break down. They have held an enduring fascination for Professor Hawking throughout his life. Rather than see them as a scary, destructive and dark he says if properly understood, they could unlock the deepest secrets of the cosmos. Professor Hawking describes the history of scientific thinking about black holes, and explains how they have posed tough challenges to conventional understanding of the laws which govern the universe. The programmes are recorded in front of an audience of Radio 4 listeners and some of the country’s leading scientists at the Royal Institution of Great Britain in London.“ At the link right-click “Download MP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Black Holes – Hawking P2 28 mins “The Cambridge cosmologist Professor Stephen Hawking delivers the second of his BBC Reith Lectures on black holes. Professor Hawking examines scientific thinking about black holes and challenges the idea that all matter and information is destroyed irretrievably within them. He explains his own hypothesis that black holes may emit a form of radiation, now known as Hawking Radiation. He discusses the search for mini black holes, noting that so far “no-one has found any, which is a pity because if they had, I would have got a Nobel Prize.” And he advances a theory that information may remain stored within black holes in a scrambled form.” At the link right-click “Download MP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Black Twitter 18 mins – “Sofiya Ballin joins us this week on The Remix. Ballin writes for The Philadelphia Inquirer, Philly.com and The Huffington Post. While much of her reporting for the Inquirer comprises features on arts and culture, she says that she sees the challenges of staying objective when covering police violence against ‘people who look like me.’” At the link find the title, “Walter Scott, Eric Harris, reporting while black, and death in the era of state-sanctioned murder, Apr, 2015” right-click “Walter Scott, Eric Harris, reporting while black, and death in the era of state-sanctioned murder, Apr, 2015,” right-click “Media files sofiya-web.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Bone Research 87 mins – “Get an overview of how bones heal and research advances that may provide new solutions. Recorded on 05/10/2016. (#30987)” Includes stem cell definitions and research. At the link right-click “Audio MP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Book Celebration 51 mins – “We’re trying something a little different today on the show. In nine short chapters, we present the life cycle of a book — the cliff notes version. You’ll hear tales, tips and anecdotes on all sorts of odd parts of the process – from pitching a publisher to crafting the perfect blurb, and everywhere in between. So whether you’re an aspiring writer, an avid reader, a constant procrastinator, or an audiobooks aficionado – there’s a little something for everybody.” At the link right-click the play button next to “Listen” and select “Save link As” from the pop-up menu.

Brazil Racial Issues 52 mins – “Our lecture this week is presented by the Boston University African American Studies Program, with support from the Boston University Center for the Humanities, and the Latin American Studies Program. Our speaker is Dr. Kia Caldwell, Associate Professor of African, African American, and Diaspora studies at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.  Dr. Caldwell’s lecture is titled “The Alyne Case: An Intersectional Analysis of Gender, Race, and the Human Right to Health in Brazil.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow just under the play button and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Brexit and Technology 146 mins – “Brexit fallout, Google’s machine learning revolution, Apple headphone jack controversy, and more” At the link click “Download options,” right-click “Audio” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Brexit Impact 15 mins – “We woke up this morning to news that the United Kingdom had voted to leave the European Union. The tabloid newspapers in London proclaimed Independence Day. The value of the British Pound dropped to the lowest point in the last 31 years. Stock markets dived around the world. Prime Minister David Cameron said he would resign later this year. Today on the show: What just happened? And what’s coming next?” At the link find the title, “#707: Brexit, Jun, 2016,” right-click “Media files 20160624 pmoney_podcast062416.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Brexit Impact 59 mins – “Speakers discussed the results of the United Kingdom’s referendum on withdrawing from the European Union, including the political and economic consequences and what this will mean for the UK and Europe as a whole.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Burglar’s Guide to City 50 mins – “To catch a thief, you have to think like one. To prevent a crime, you have to case a joint like a potential infiltrator and find the weak spots. On today’s show, a design critic gives us a burglar’s eye view of the built environment. Plus, canceling a wedding isn’t just emotionally traumatic – it can be a financial disaster. Now, websites are popping up to help unhappy couples sell their canceled weddings & give thrifty couples a chance to get hitched on the cheap.” At the link right-click the play button next to “Listen” and select “Save link As” from the pop-up menu.

Business Operation Changes 60 mins – “David Burkus, Professor, Oral Roberts University; Founder and Host, “Radio Free Leader”; Author, Under New Management: How Leading Organizations Are Upending Business As Usual Should employees know each others’ salaries? Can companies win by putting their employees’ welfare first, and their clients second? Are annual performance reviews necessary? Burkus challenges the traditional and widely accepted principles of business management—proving that they’re outdated, outmoded and simply don’t work—and presents winning strategies using case studies and in-depth research. You’ll learn how the nature of work is changing—and what that means for business, society and your own career.” At the link right-click “Play Now” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Character Lessons 28 mins – “The KIPP school movement began 20 years ago in the US. It stands for Knowledge Is Power Program, and the schools focus on two things; academic achievement and building strength of character. They work in the most disadvantaged districts of New York, Houston and Los Angeles, where children have less than a 1 in 10 chance of completing a college degree, but their focus on character skills like grit, empathy and determination, is seen as the reason why half of KIPP students will graduate from college. Sarah Montague speaks to KIPP co-founder Dave Levin about how character is taught alongside traditional subjects, visiting KIPP Infinity school in Harlem and hearing from Kings Langley Academy – one of many schools in the UK that are exploring character teaching.” At the link right-click “Download MP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Child Raising 50 mins – “Everyone wants to know the secret to raising amazing kids. Whether you want them to become the next great president, save the world, get straight A’s, or simply contribute to society, how to raise our children properly is a topic of much contention. So we decided to bring on NYT Bestselling author Paul Tough, to tell us exactly how we can help children succeed. In fact, his newest book is titled, Helping Children Succeed: What Works and Why.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Climate Change Panel 59 mins – “Kate Brown, Governor, Oregon Jay Inslee, Governor, Washington Mary Polak, Minister of Energy, British Columbia Can California and other West Coast economies accelerate the global transition to clean energy technologies? The chief executives of Pacific Coast states and provinces say policies pushing clean power have boosted their economies and created jobs. Companies involved in solar power and electric vehicles agree. But some business groups say going green can hit consumers in the pocket book and hamper the economy. What can the West Coast of Canada and the United States do to advance the goals that countries and corporations outlined at the Paris climate summit last year?” At the link right-click “Play Now” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Coyotes 14mins – “…Our eastern coyote traces its roots to the western coyote, found west of the Mississippi. There are two primary differences between the two species, one is fairly apparent, the eastern is much larger than its western cousin; the other is DNA. As Schadler explains, “Western coyotes have a little tiny bit of wolf genetic material. Our eastern coyotes are much more invigorated. On average perhaps thirty percent of their DNA is wolf DNA.” As the coyote migrated back east via Canada it ran into a type of red wolf and interbred, producing our eastern coyote….” At the link right-click the play button beside “Listen” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Criminal Record Disclosure 45 mins – “Last year, President Obama toured a federal prison in Oklahoma – an unprecedented move for a sitting president and a clear sign of the administration’s focus on criminal justice reform. Among its proposed reforms is a call to “ban the box” – which would move or remove questions about a job applicant’s criminal history. Today, should the box also be banned from college applications? Then, hip hop has been key to the runaway success of Hamilton…suddenly people are rapping about American history. Now, an educator and lyricist is applying that formula to the classroom.” At the link right-click the play button next to “Listen” and select “Save link As” from the pop-up menu.

Demographic Imbalance 56 mins – “We’re talking with millennials from the state for an update on whether and why more young adults are leaving the New Hampshire than coming to it, and what it means for the economy.” At the link right-click the play button beside “Listen” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Desert Farming 27 mins – “Keith talks with Francisco Molinar, District Conservationist with the Natural Resources Conservation Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. Molinar is an agricultural engineer, and he talks about water conservation in the desert. Some crops actually benefit from the hot, dry conditions in the Chihuahuan Desert, but specialized irrigation and land-leveling techniques will be crucial in conserving water in the future.” At the link right-click the play button beside “Listen” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Disabilities Act Convention 53 mins – “In honor of the 26th anniversary of Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) this month, Joyce welcomes Judith Heumann, an internationally recognized leader in the disability community and a lifelong civil rights advocate. She has been appointed Special Advisor for International Disability Rights at the U.S. Department of State. Ms. Heumann will discuss her role in the State Department and the progress in ratifying the Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities (CRPD), and will reflect on what work remains to carry on the efforts of past leaders within the disability community.” At the link right-click “Download mP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Dolly Project vs Crispr 27 mins – “This week, Dolly the sheep’s legacy, the trials of funding interdisciplinary research, and an ‘IPCC’ for social science.” At the link find the title, “Nature Podcast: 30 June 2016,” right-click “Media files media.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Drug Research 28 mins – “Patrick Vallance is something of a rare breed: a game-keeper turned poacher; an academic who’s moved over into industry. And not just any industry, but the pharmaceutical industry. At the time, Patrick Vallance was Professor of Clinical Pharmacology and Head of the Department of Medicine at University College London. A pioneer of research into some of the body’s key regulatory systems, he had also been publicly critical of BIG Pharma for “funding studies more helpful to marketing than to advancing clinical care”. So what made him go over to “the other side”? His involvement with the industry was limited until one evening in 2006 when he was asked a question over a dinner, a question that would be pivotal to his life and career. Today, Patrick is head of research and development at GlaxoSmithKline, one of the world’s largest pharmaceutical companies with annual revenues in excess of 20 billion pounds and nearly a hundred thousand employees worldwide. Whilst GSK is no stranger to scandal, since he joined, Patrick has attempted to tackle the culture of secrecy that pervades the industry. He’s since reshaped the way GSK carries out its research and has been behind several radical initiatives in global healthcare, to produce a more collaborative approach to tackling major diseases like malaria.” At the link find the title, “Patrick Vallance, Nov, 2015,” right-click “Media files p036xg5z.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Dyslexia Story 3 mins – ““A parrot flies along, the parrot lands on a car, the car explodes, and the smoke and feathers rise in a figure 8.” To many people, that may sound like a cartoon panel. To Sean Plasse, it was a tool for recalling the word “polycarbonate.” Plasse suffers from dyslexia. He is able to understand and recall concepts and ideas very well. But words are another matter. Trying to cope with his problem in college, Plasse says, he would “convert about 10,000 words into these pictures, every semester” — and live in fear that someone would realize that he had to work so hard to keep up. When Plasse entered the working world, with a job at a marketing company, things only got worse. In addition to working late nights, Plasse would come in on the weekends to pore over e-mails, circling problem words so he could understand what the notes were about. Speaking recently to his friend Blanche Podhajski, Plasse recalls the difficulty he had in keeping names straight, even after a year at the company — and even when the names were those of the company’s owners. His solution: He kept a stack of business cards on hand, referring to them when he needed to know someone’s name. “When you struggle with learning disability,” Plasse says, “it affects everything in your life.” But one day, Plasse came across an article about elite businessmen who had successfully coped with their own learning disabilities. The article, in Fortune magazine, sent Plasse to the phone book, looking for help. After a full day of tests at a learning-disorders center, Plasse received a stark summary of his abilities — and his challenges. “Your IQ is in the 99th percentile,” the people at the center told him. “But your ability to read and decode words is in the 14th percentile.” The news, Plasse says, changed his life. “I got in my pickup truck and cried all the way home. It was a turning point.” After working with Podhajski at the Stern Center, a literacy group in Williston, Vt., Plasse, 31, learned to overcome his fear of reading. And with a new set of learning tools, he now has his own business: Plasse Contracting.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Education in Finland 28 mins – “Since the first international comparisons in 2000, Finland has been at or near the top of league tables for the abilities of its teenagers in reading, maths and science. Experts and politicians flocked to its schools to discover what was leading to its success, and came away with a picture of autonomous schools, children starting school much later than in the UK, and having no tests until their final year. What developed was seen by many as a myth surrounding Finnish education success, while the reality could be attributed to extensive teacher training, high quality lessons and a culture of literacy. But now, Finland is overhauling the way it teaches through ‘phenomenon learning’ – periods of the school year where learning isn’t confined to single subjects, but students take on a broad topic and decide what, and how, they will learn. From 2016, it will be compulsory for all schools to teach with phenomenon projects, but Helsinki has already adopted it in the capital’s schools. Sarah Montague interviews the city’s Education Manager Marjo Kyllonen and visits a Helsinki school, to see the changes being made to a world-leading education system.” At the link right-click “Download MP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Educational Trends 8 mins – “We discuss the trends and issues we observed during the weeks of June 10-28 as we flipped resources into our Flipboard magazine (http://bit.ly/trendsandissues). We discuss three trends. The first is a continuing one virtual reality and augmented reality. An interesting element of the resources we flipped had to do with a distinction being made between VR and AR. The second trend was OER. There were several companies (e.g., Amazon, Google) coming out with OER resources for education. The third trend was online learning. There were a variety of resources we posted dealing with engaging students in online learning and the structure of online learning experiences.At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Electric Eels 14 mins – “Kenneth Catania of Vanderbilt University talks to Cynthia Graber about electric eel research that led him to accept 19th-century naturalist Alexander von Humboldt’s account of electric eels attacking horses.” At the link find the title, “Electric Eels versus Horses: Shocking but True, Jun, 2016,” right-click “Media files podcast.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Engineer Dave Young 71 mins – “…Dave does embedded + analog + whatever else needs to be done. Small teams means you’re in charge of everything! One project seeks to take the low cost of “hoverboards” (balancing wheeled devices that were starting on fire) and use them to build low cost motorized wheelchairs. They got a Google Grant to do so. Dave’s other major venture is Bluestamp Engineering (BSE). They introduce and mentor high school kids who are interested in engineering over the course of 6 weeks. The students have to apply and determine which project they want to do before arriving. There is a 3:1 student to staff ratio as well, so each student gets lots of attention… The tuition for BSE is $3500-$4000 (depending on location), but turns out to be $35/hour (cheaper than most/all tutoring). There are also scholarships for students, though everyone is required to pay something to have “skin in the game”. The students are high school age. Man update their profiles when applying to college because the experience looks good. Some students also come back as instructors! … If you’re interested in talking to some of the BSE students, let Dave know! Reach Dave on Twitter (@DaveYoungEE) or on his companies’ websites: Bluestamp Engineering and Young Circuit Designs.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

ER Lessons 35 mins – “John Hinds coined the term #resusWANKER at his amazing SMACC lecture on thoracotomy. I created this lecture on resusWANKERS in dedication to John and gave it at the Teaching Course in NYC with Rob Rogers. I gave it a second time at the Royal College of Emergency Medicine meeting in Manchester. This recording came from the third and final iteration in Glasgow, Scotland.” (Seven rules to live by.) At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Flooding Concerns 28 mins- “Barely a month goes by without news of another catastrophic flood somewhere in the world, like the Boxing Day tsunami in 2004 or the flooding of New Orleans with Hurricane Katrina a year later, and the role of climate change is often mooted. Here in the UK this winter, flood victims were once again caught in a cycle of despair and anger as they tried to make sense of why their homes were flooded and what could be done to prevent it happening again. Jim talks to environmental scientist, Professor Carolyn Roberts, who is pre-occupied by problems like this. She applies water science, in particular, to work out why such events occur and the role we humans play in them. Her passion for problem solving in watery places also takes her into the intriguing world of forensics where she assists the police when bodies are found floating in rivers and canals.” At the link find the title, “Carolyn Roberts, Mar, 2016,” right-click “Media files p03nhpf6.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Food Packaging 45 mins – “The invention of food packaging is one of humanity’s greatest achievements. It may seem hard to imagine today, but the first clay pots made the great civilizations of the ancient world possible, while paper’s first use, long before it became a surface for writing, was to wrap food. But packaging’s proliferation, combined with the invention of plastics, has become one of our biggest environmental headaches. In this episode, we explore the surprising history of how our food got dressed—and why and how we might want to help it get naked again” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Gandhi 15 mins – “Professor Sunil Khilnani explores the life and legacy of the Mahatma Gandhi: lawyer, politician and leader of the nationalist movement against British rule in India. He is generally admired outside India, but is the subject of heated debate and contention in his homeland. Some view him as an appeaser of Muslims, and blame him for India’s partition. Others regret Gandhi’s induction of Hindu rhetoric and symbols into Indian nationalism, revile him for his refusal to disavow caste, believe he betrayed the labouring classes, and are appalled at his views on women. “It’s unsurprising that Gandhi provokes such a barrage of attacks,” says Professor Khilnani. “His entire life was an argument – or rather, a series of arguments – with the world.” At the link right-click “Download MP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Independent U.S. Voters 27 mins – “What is motivating Ohio’s volatile ‘independent’ voters who are not Democrats or Republicans? Michael Goldfarb travels to the key state of Ohio to meet independent voters. He explores the anger that is motivating independents and places their views in the deeper historical context of changes in American society.” At the link find the title, “America’s Independent Voters, Jun, 2016,” right-click “Media files p0403yv8.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Indian Land Reform 15 mins – “Professor Sunil Khilnani, from the King’s India Institute in London, explores the life and legacy of Charan Singh, the lawyer turned politician who championed the cause of India’s farmers. Singh is remembered today as the politician who took on Indira Gandhi in the Congress Party’s heartland state. Uttar Pradesh. He redistributed power and altered the social structure of Northwest India, non violently. And he helped the world see the potential of the Indian farmer a bit more clearly. He succeeded in becoming India’s first peasant prime minister but went from the highest office in a flash, replaced by his nemesis Indira Gandhi. Although today he is most often remembered for being a leader of his own caste, Professor Khilnani argues that Charan Singh has a unique status in Indian history.” At the link right-click “Download MP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Indira Gandhi 15 mins – “Professor Sunil Khilnani, from the King’s India Institute in London, looks at the life of Indira Gandhi, India’s first woman prime minister, whose darkest moment was a two year period known as “the emergency”. Jails filled up with her critics while journalists and editors were detained alongside the political opposition. Those arrested could be held without trial and and she attempted to reduce the birth rate by offering men incentives to be sterilized. “Indira Gandhi in many ways issued the greatest threat to democracy in independent India’s history,” says Professor Khilnani, “weakening constitutional regularities established by her father. Yet the enduring effect of her rule was to open the state to a deeper and more accessible democracy”. At the link right-click “Download MP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Investing for Kids P2 54 mins – “Paul responds to 10 comments and questions about the article, “How to turn $3000 into $50 million.” This article has produced more comments and questions than any other he has written for MarketWatch in more than three years. In some cases, Paul points out how short-sighted investors can be and, in others, he tries to find ways to make people comfortable with the risky nature of stocks. For more on this “Legacy” strategy, go to: http://paulmerriman.com/turn-3000-50-million/ “ At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save link As” from the pop-up menu.

Jesus’s Wife 53 mins – “In 2012, Karen King, a respected scholar at Harvard Divinity School, presented a papyrus fragment bearing text that implied Jesus was married. King staked her reputation on the authenticity of what she called “The Gospel of Jesus’s Wife.” Test after test failed to prove the papyrus was a forgery, but the journalist Ariel Sabar still smelled something fishy. He put the fragment through a new test, one that examined its chain of ownership. Sabar joins us Tuesday to share the unbelievable tale he uncovered.” At the link right-click the play button beside “Listen” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Juno Mission 56 mins – “We’re checking in with the Sky Guys this week for the latest news on the Juno mission to Jupiter, why eighty percent of Americans can no longer see the Milky Way, and gravitational ripples confirmed for a second time. Plus, what to look for in the stars for summer nights ahead.” At the link right-click the play button beside “Listen” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Kids and Money 28 mins – “Before it looms too large in their lives, kids spend a few years making sense out of money — its made-up symbolism, mysterious behavior, and larger than life power. They see it operating in their parents’ work, at the store, at school and in images of fame and fortune. At its heart, kids understand that money connotes worth, power and freedom — but that it can also empty our lives of meaning and connection. In this episode, we handed the mic over to kids from 5 to 9 years old to discuss the role of money in their lives, and in their imaginations.” At the link click the down-pointing arrow under the sound bar and select “Save File” then “OK” from the pop-up menu.

Learning Techniques 41 mins – “In today’s episode, Ryan talks with Dr. Saundra McGuire, who used to teach Chemistry at Cornell University and Louisiana State University. Her passion for education also drove her to not only teach chemistry itself to her students but to also teach them how to learn chemistry. Most premed students are struggling with studying, studying tips, and time management. Saundra now goes around different schools across the country to teach both students and teachers on how to better study. Listen in As Dr. McGuire shares a ton of studying tips and strategies to help you improve your test scores and strengthen your learning skills….” At the link find the title, “Session 188,” right-click “Media files PMY188.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Legionnaire Disease Prevention 56 mins – “Recently, the CDC released new guidelines in the fight to prevent Legionnaires’ disease. With recent outbreaks of Legionnaire’s throughout the country in Flint, Michigan and Bronx, NY, the maintenance of a building’s water system is more important than ever. The guidelines are a huge step forward to help building owners control Legionella bacteria once it has entered their buildings from the public water supply and help prevent uncontrollable deaths from the disease. Today we will speak with Tonya Winders, President and CEO of the Allergy & Asthma Network, the leading nonprofit patient education and advocacy organization for people with asthma, allergies and related conditions. We will discuss what Legionnaires’ disease is; why the Allergy & Asthma Network supports the new guidelines; how Legionnaires’ disease can cause asthma and respiratory problems; and the importance of being aware of the disease to prevent hundreds of deaths each year.” At the link right-click “Download mP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Male Contraception 21 mins – “They said it couldn’t be done: The “male pill.” Actuality asks why men haven’t seen a new reversible contraceptive in centuries—and if we need one. We found out why Big Pharma gave up on a male pill, and meet people who want to make it happen anyway. Correction: In this episode we refer to “The Pill” by Jonathan Eig. The correct title of Eig’s book is “The Birth of the Pill.” At the link find the title, “Male Contraception, Jun, 2016,” right-click “Media files actuality20160629_128.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Marvin Kaplan 69 mins – “Gilbert and Frank catch up with one of their favorite comedic actors and one of the last surviving cast members of “It’s a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World,” Marvin Kaplan, who’s worked with pretty much everyone in his 70-year career, including Charlie Chaplin, Katharine Hepburn, Clark Gable, Jack Lemmon, Paul Newman and Lon Chaney Jr. (to name a few). Also, Marvin praises Sam Jaffe, props up Broderick Crawford, remembers Zero Mostel and risks his life for Blake Edwards. PLUS: Fritz Feld! Strother Martin! Arnold Stang takes a fall! Stanley Kramer sacks Jackie Mason! And the return (once again) of Maria Ouspenskaya!” At the link find the title, “#109: Marvin Kaplan, Jun, 2016,” right-click “Enclosure: http://tracking.feedpress.it/link/12243/3725812/e3554c9c-9c92-4945-8e69-5996923db09f.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Mental Illness Solution 59 mins – “We are naturally drawn to finding solutions. But are there ever problems we shouldn’t try to solve? Lulu Miller visits a town in Belgium with a completely different approach to dealing with mental illness. Families in the town board people – strangers – with severe mental illnesses in their homes, sometimes for decades. And it works, because they are not looking to cure them.” At the link click the cirlce with three dots, right-click “Download” and select “Save link As” from the pop-up menu.

Microbes and Electricity 45 mins – “Gemma Reguera of Michigan State University in East Lansing and Geoffrey Gadd of the University of Dundee in Scotland talk with Jeff Fox about their efforts to probe some of the electrical properties of materials produced naturally by specific microorganisms. Thus, Geobacter bacteria make protein filaments, called pili, that act as nanowires, transporting 1 billion electrons per second, according to Reguera and her collaborators. Analytic evidence suggests that the electrons move along these proteins by a thermally activated, multistep hopping mechanism, enabling these bacteria to draw electrons from the extracellular milieu. Meanwhile, the fungus Neurospora crassa can transform manganese into a mineral composite with favorable electrochemical properties. The fungal cells produce filaments that take up manganese, which after heat treatment forms structures that have electrochemical properties that are suitable for use in supercapacitors or lithium-ion batteries. The carbonized fungal biomass-mineral composite has excellent cycling stability and retains more than 90% capacity after 200 cycles, according to Gadd and his collaborators.” At the link find the title, “MMP #14: A look at several microorganisms involved with electricity. Jun, 2016,” right-click “Media files MMP014.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Moral Decisions 23 mins – “Social psychologist Dr. Piercarlo Valdesolo discusses his work studying moral decision-making processes in the lab.” At the link find the title, “The Science of Moral Decisions,ept, 2013,” right-click “Media files science of moral decisions.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Moselia Schaechter 40 mins – “Dr. Moselio Schaechter is a Distinguished Professor Emeritus at Tufts University School of Medicine, Adjunct Professor at San Diego State University, and an Adjuct Professor at the University of California, San Diego. In addition, he is author of the American Society for Microbiology Small Things Considered blog and co-host of the This Week in Microbiology podcast with Vincent Racaniello. Elio received his M.S. in Bacteriology from the University of Kansas and his Ph.D. in Microbiology from the University of Pennsylvania. He was drafted into the Army with the U.S. Army Walter Reed Army Institute of Research and conducted postdoctoral research at the State Serum Institute in Copenhagen. Elio served briefly on the faculty of the University of Florida Medical School and subsequently joined the faculty at Tufts University where he remained for 33 years. He was named a fellow of the American Academy of Microbiology, a Tufts University Distinguished Professor, an Honorary member of the American society for microbiology, Honorary Member of the Ecuadorian Society for Microbiology, and an Honorary Member of the Spanish Society for Microbiology. He is the recipient of the Tufts University Medical Students’ Teaching Award 11 times, is the Past President of the American Society for Microbiology, and has received many other honors. Elio is here with us today to tell us all about his journey through life and science.” At the link find the title, “300: A Microbiologist Celebrating the Little Things in Life and Science – Dr. Moselio Schaechter, Aug, 2015,” right-click “Media files 300 Elio Schaechter Final.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Net Zero Energy Buildings 57 mins – “GreenerBuilder 2016 gathered hundreds of Northern California trade professionals to learn about key trends in the green building market; to hear what owners and developers are looking for; and to make important connections with fellow industry leaders. The daylong conference trained attendees to be at the forefront of greening the built environment. The event was held in the Net Zero Energy Center in San Leandro, CA where the IBEW, Local Union 595 and the National Electrical Contractors Association (NECA) create a world-class learning environment for apprentices to gain hands-on experience with cutting-edge technology and electrical systems. On today’s episode we will talk with Peter Rumsey, internationally renowned leader in Net Zero Energy building design; Bob Wallace, President of Energy ETC, whose company designed the energy management systems for the event venue; Byron Benton, training director at the Net Zero Energy Center; and Brenden McEneaney, Director of USGBC Nor Cal.” At the link right-click “Download mP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Neurosurgeon 28 mins – “Neurosurgeon Henry Marsh talks to Jim Al-Khalili about slicing through thoughts, hopes and memories. Brain surgery, he says, is straightforward. It’s deciding whether or not to operate that’s hard. The stakes are high and it’s never clear cut. He often dreads having to talk to patients and their families. Damage to healthy brain cells can result in a dramatic change to someone’s quality of life; but if a bit of a tumour remains, it’s likely to grow back. “How do you tell someone that the best option may be to go away and die?” Once, against his professional judgment, Henry went ahead with surgery because the patient wanted him to operate. The patient died and he blames himself for not being stronger. He talks openly about the cemetery that all doctors inevitably carry with them; and why he would rather be seen as a fallible human being, than either a superhero or villain. Perhaps it’s inevitable that doctors are put on a pedestal but it can be unhelpful. Despite a chronic lack of science at school and university, Henry decided to become a neurosurgeon, having found general surgery rather disgusting. Soon after, his three month old son had surgery for a brain tumour: an experience which, he says, helped him to appreciate the fog of anxiety and concern that descends on the people he treats. Getting the balance right between compassion and detachment is a constant challenge. And Henry admits, he pioneered brain surgery under local anaesthetic, in part as a way of confronting head on the almost ‘Jekyll and Hyde like split’ between being a surgeon in the operating theatre and a friendly consultant who talks to and cares for his patients. Producer: Anna Buckley.” At the link find the title, “Henry Marsh, Jun, 2015,” Media files p02vdr6c.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Pakistan Founder 15 mins – “Professor Sunil Khilnani, from the King’s India Institute in London, looks at the life and legacy of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan. Descriptions of his early life do not sound like someone who would go on to lead India’s Muslims: he spoke English, dressed impeccably in Western clothes from Savile Row, smoked cigarettes and, according to some accounts, consumed alcohol and ate pork. Yet it was Jinnah who, along with others, publicly assented to the partition of India which, carried out in haste, would give roughly half of India’s Muslims political autonomy, cause around a million deaths, displace some 14 million people and transform the geopolitics of the world.” At the link right-click “Download MP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Paleovedic Diet 48 mins – “Today we have guest Dr. Akil Palanisamy, Harvard-trained physician, author, speaker, and holistic medicine expert in integrative and functional medicine. Dr. Palanisamy is the author of The Paleovedic Diet. Join us as we discuss Ayurvedic medicine, customizing diet and medicine to each individual, and more.” (Interesting comment about poor quality of modern apples.) At the link right-click “Download Episode Here” and select “Save link As” from the pop-up menu.

Plankton Changes 27 mins – “Basic life forms of the ocean are the source of most of the oxygen we breathe. Are they in deep trouble? Did you know plankton can affect the development of clouds, another surprise in the climate story. We’re talking about plankton and climate change, with Dr. Michael Behrenfeld. He’s is a Senior Research Scientist and Professor at Oregon State University. Mike specializes in marine algae research. Behrenfeld is also the principal investigator for a special 5-year NASA project called NAAMES – the North Atlantic Aerosols and Marine Ecosystems Study.At the link find and right-click “Behrenfeld Lo-Fi” for his part of this two-part file and click “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Podcast History 28 mins – “Miranda Sawyer with the third episode of her series about the world of podcasts, rounding up some of the best from around the globe. This week: podcast pioneers, the agenda-setting podcasters who have broken new ground in the genre. Miranda hears from the creators of Welcome to Night Vale, who talk about their perhaps unlikely surrealist pod hit. The programme also features Wendy Zukerman’s Australian-based science podcast Science Vs, recently bought up by Gimlet Media, an increasingly powerful new media player in the burgeoning podcasting market. Ben Hammersley, internet technologist and journalist, and the man who invented the word “podcast” guests.” At the link right-click Download MP3” nd select “Save link As” from the pop-up menu.

Podland 28 mins – “Miranda Sawyer presents a new, stylish round-up of the best and most memorable podcasting from around the world. There’s been an explosion in the profusion and quality of podcasts, plus a new public awareness after the breakthrough moment in 2014 with Serial. Suddenly, podcasts have become cool. There are now more than 100,000 English speaking podcast feeds worldwide covering everything from science to sport to every conceivable niche. Last year, there were 165 million podcasts downloaded just from BBC Radio 4 programmes alone, and the trend is seemingly ever upwards. But is this a bubble or is podcasting set to take its place alongside TV and radio as a long-term media genre? British podcaster Helen Zaltzman guests in this first episode which explores the genre, plays some great podcasts and asks why it’s taken off in such a big way.” At the link right-click “Download MP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Police Aggressiveness 18 mins – “As the list of names of unarmed African-Americans killed or brutalized by police grows, questions around legal actions against law enforcement grow as well. Drexel University law professor Donald Tibbs joins The Remix to discuss police violence, viral videos, race, gender and how the criminal justice system is failing communities of color.” At the link find the title, “Race, gender and the politics of police violence,Jul, 2015,” right-click “Media files tibbs-webb.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Prisons for Profit 52 mins – “Prisons are almost impossible for reporters to get inside, and few people know what life inside is like for inmates and guards. But one journalist cracked the shell of secrecy by getting a job as a prison guard. He witnessed cost-cutting measures and reported safety concerns affecting prisoners and staff. On this episode of Reveal, we take an unprecedented look inside the multibillion-dollar private prison industry.” At the link find the title, “The man inside: Four months as a prison guard, Jun, 2016,” right-click “Media files The-man-inside_Four-months-as-a-prison-guard_podcast.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Renewable Future 60 mins – “Author Richard Heinberg on new book “Our Renewable Future: Laying the Path for One Hundred Percent Clean Energy”. Plus plankton expert Dr. Michael Behrenfeld: is the foundation of ocean life in trouble?” At the link find and right-click “Heinberg Lo-Fi” for his part of this two-part file and click “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Researcher Carolyn Bertozzi 54 mins – “Dr. Carolyn Bertozzi is the Anne T. and Robert M. Bass Professor of Chemistry and Professor of Chemical and Systems Biology and Radiology at Stanford University. She is also an Investigator of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. Carolyn received her undergraduate training in Chemistry at Harvard University and was awarded her PhD in Chemistry from the University of California, Berkeley. She went on to complete postdoctoral research at the University of California, San Francisco and then accepted a faculty position at UC, Berkeley. Carolyn just recently joined the faculty at Stanford in 2015. She is the recipient of the UCSF 150th Anniversary Alumni Excellence Award, the Hans Bloemendal Award from Radboud University, the Heinrich Wieland Prize, the Royal Society of Chemistry Organic Division Bioorganic Chemistry Award, the Lemelson-MIT Prize for Inventors, a MacArthur Foundation Fellowship, and many other national and international awards and honors. In addition, Carolyn is an elected Fellow of the National Academy of Inventors, the Institute of Medicine, the National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina. Carolyn is with us today to tell us all about her journey through life and science.” At the link right-click “Direct download: 326 Carolyn Bertozzi Final.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Researcher Eric Green 51 mins – “Dr. Eric Green is the Director of the National Human Genome Research Institute at the National Institutes of Health. He received his B.S. in Bacteriology from the University of Wisconsin, Madison and his M.D. and Ph.D. in Cell Biology from Washington University in St. Louis. Afterward, Eric completed his residency at Washington University in Laboratory Medicine and as part of his residency he did a postdoctoral research in genetics. Eric served on the faculty and as co-investigator in the Human Genome Center at Washington University School of Medicine before accepting a position at the National Institutes of Health where he has been now for over 20 years. Eric has been the recipient of many awards and honors during his career, including the NIH Director’s Award (multiple times), the Alumni Achievement and the Distinguished Alumni Awards from Washington University School of Medicine, as well as a Ladue Horton Watkins High School Distinguished Alumni Award. He is also a member of the American Society for Clinical Investigation and the Association of American Physicians. Eric is here with us today to tell us all about his journey through life and science.” At the link right-clickDirect download: 328 Eric Green Final copy.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Ribosome Researcher 28 mins – “All the information that’s needed for life is written in our DNA. But how do we get from DNA code to biological reality? That’s the job of the ribosomes – those clever molecular machines that are found in every living cell. And in 2008 Venki Ramakrishnan was awarded the Nobel Prize for determining their structure. Jim talks to Venki about the frantic race to crack the structure of the ribosome, probably the most important biological molecule after DNA; why he thinks the Nobel Prize is a terrible thing for science; and his new job as President of the Royal Society.” At the link find the title, “Venki Ramakrishnan, Mar, 2016,” right-click “Media files p03lc21m.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Robot Teachers 41 mins – “Today a future without schools. Instead of gathering students into a room and teaching them, everybody learns on their own time, on tablets and guided by artificial intelligence. We talk to a computer scientist who developed an artificially intelligent TA, folks who build learning apps, and critics who wonder if all the promises being made are too good to be true. What do we gain when we let students choose their own paths? What do we lose when we get rid of schools?” At the link find the title, “Bot For Teacher, Jun, 2016,” right-click “Media files media.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Rock Snot 6 mins – “Researchers say an algae called “rock snot” that was thought to be an invasive species in the Northeast is actually native to the northern United States. So if “rock snot” has been here for a long time, why haven’t we noticed it before? To answer this question we turn to Granite Geek David Brooks. He’s a reporter with The Concord Monitor and writer at Granitegeek.org, and he joined NHPR’s Peter Biello to discuss the matter….” At the link right-click the play button beside “Listen” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Romance Novels 53 mins – “Filmmaker Laurie Kahn calls romance fiction a story of pride and prejudice. The genre accounts for a billion dollars in annual sales, and the people who read and write these steamy books are a vast community of educated and savvy women. But despite its wild popularity and economic success, many see romance as nothing more than tawdry, throw-away pulp. Thursday, Kahn and Princeton University’s William Gleason join us to talk about romance’s literary strengths and the people who love the genre.” At the link right-click the play button beside “Listen” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Sea Rise Business 6 mins – “Adaptation and mitigation will cost the world billions, maybe trillions, of dollars. It’ll be a massive hit to the global economy. But at least some of that cost is also an economic opportunity, and everyone from snow-machine makers to agribusinesses are angling to make money off of climate change. Add to that list the city of Norfolk, Virginia. Norfolk businesses, universities, and even the local government itself in the low-lying coastal city are trying to re-frame the risk of sea-level rise as an opportunity….” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow on the sound bar and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Skinhead 14 mins – “Remix host James Peterson recently returned from a trip to Ghana. He talks about his emotional reaction to walking in the footsteps of enslaved ancestors at Elmina Castle. And reporter Katie Davis interviews Frank Meeink about his transition from neo-Nazi to racial tolerance speaker.” At the link find the title, “A neo-Nazi skinhead does a 180; James lives a moment of slave-trade history in Ghana, Jul, 2015,” right-click “Media files skinhead-web-.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Stonewall Inn Gay Riot 29 mins – “Early on the morning of Saturday, June 28, 1969, officers from the New York City Police Department’s vice squad pulled up in front the Stonewall Inn—one of the city’s largest and most popular gay bars, located in the Greenwich Village neighborhood of Manhattan. Throughout the 1950s and ’60s, there were few establishments that catered to members of the LGBTQ community. But the Stonewall Inn was a noted exception…. At the time, the NYPD vice squad routinely raided gay bars and patrons generally complied when they did, frightened by the possibility of being outed in the newspaper… But this particular night at the Stonewall Inn was different. Many of those dressed in drag refused to be escorted out by officers. Lots of patrons would not produce their IDs. A crowd began to grow outside the building, some posing and giving exaggerated salutes to the police. As officers tried to take several people into their police van, violence broke out. The authorities quickly lost control of the situation… Protests and demonstrations continued for several days. These protests sparked a revolution, and a hidden subculture became a vibrant political movement. Many people trace the roots of modern gay rights organizing to that night at the Stonewall Inn. Within a few years, new gay rights organizations were founded and spread across the country. The first gay pride marches took place exactly a year later, commemorating the one year anniversary of the riots.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow under the title and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Sugar Research 28 mins – “The recent Public Health England report on sugar reduction recommended that we slash the amount of sugar we eat to just seven teaspoons a day. Diabetes, cardiovascular disease and obesity have all been linked to high sugar intake. Treating obesity and its consequences alone costs the NHS £5.1m per year. Jim Al-Khalili invites three scientific experts from different disciplines into the studio to present the evidence behind their strategy to reduce our sugar intake: – Dr Peter Scarborough, a mathematician from the Nuffield Department of Public Health at Oxford has been analysing sugar taxes – Prof Theresa Marteau, a behavioural psychologist from the University of Cambridge, studies the effects of portion sizes – Jenny Arthur, Director of Innovation and Nutrition at Leatherhead Food Research is experimenting with the microscopic structure of sugar particles” At the link right-click “Download MP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Supreme Court and Politics 51 mins – “As of June 2016, the Republican-controlled Senate is still refusing to consider President Obama’s nominee for the Supreme Court and fill the vacant seat – a reflection of the divisive atmosphere roiling Washington. Such conflict is hardly new to the high court. The Supreme Court and its decisions, nominations and justices have often–if not always–been instruments of political power. And politics have also shaped the Court in unanticipated ways. In this episode, the Guys will examine why the Supreme Court is regarded as an institution that remains above partisan squabbles. From Marbury v. Madison, the case that helped to form the court as we know it today to the failed nomination of conservative judge Robert Bork, we’ll look at the fascinating and often unexpected ways in which political ideologies inform judicial actions on the highest court in the land.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow on the sound bar and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Syrian Conflict 50 mins – “The Syrian conflict has changed people’s lives irrevocably and, in this programme, we allow people to reflect on the situation in which they find themselves. We hear from Sam, who has stayed in his home city of Deraa. Alia lives in a rural area which is in the hands of rebel forces. Her son joined up to fight the regime, but was killed. And, Khadija Kamara came to Britain to escape civil war in Sierra Leone. Her son Ibrahim became the first British jihadi to be killed in Syria.” At the link find the title, “Syrian Voices, Jun, 2016,” right-click “Media files p03zchly.mp3”and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Technology Future 77 mins – “Kevin Kelly, one of our leading technology thinkers and writers, is the author of The Inevitable. He suggests everyone embrace these changes, including ubiquitous tracking, accessible artificial intelligence, constant sharing, getting paid to watch ads, VR in the home, etc.” At the link “Download options,” right-click “audio” and select ‘Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Terrorism Impact 65 mins – “Mark Danner, Author, Former Staff Writer, The New Yorker; Chancellor’s Professor of Journalism and English, UC Berkeley – In his latest book, Spiral, Danner describes a nation altered in fundamental ways by 9/11. Fourteen years of armed conflict makes the War on Terror the longest war in U.S. history, even though only a tiny percentage of our citizens fight in actual combat. Now Al Qaeda has been replaced by multiple jihadist and terror organizations, including the most notorious: ISIS. Guantanamo, indefinite detention, drone warfare, enhanced interrogation, torture and warrantless wiretapping are all words that have become familiar and tolerated in the name of security. By defining the War on Terror as boundless, apocalyptic and unceasing, we have, Danner concludes, “let it define us as ideological crusaders caught in an endless war.” At the link right-click “Play Now” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Terrorism Prevention 44 mins – “Identifying potential terrorists is crucial to thwarting future attacks. The challenge is discerning real threats from bravado. Today on the show, how do security analysts survey thoughts? Then, we’ll learn about two young men who embarked on a bold crime spree, stealing thousands of dollars worth of gold and weapons right in front of their victims…the hitch? It all went down in a video game.” At the link right-click the play button next to “Listen” and select “Save link As” from the pop-up menu.

Untouchables 14 mins – “Professor Sunil Khilnani, from the King’s India Institute, looks at the life of Bhimrao Ambedkar, champion of the community previously known as ‘untouchables’ whom he renamed as Dalits. Ambedkar, who was a Dalit himself and fought against caste discrimination. His face can be found on posters, paintings and coloured tiles in tens of millions of Dalit homes. To Indian schoolchildren, he is the man who wrote the country’s constitution; and to India’s politicians he is a public emblem of how far India has come in addressing the blight of caste. “Both readings simultaneously exaggerate and ghettoize Ambedkar’s contribution,” says Professor Khilnani. ‘He was a sophisticated, long-sighted Constitutional collaborator whose interests extended past caste to the very structure and psychology of Indian democracy.'” At the link right-click “Download MP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Veterans Crisis Line 6 mins – “GAO found that the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) did not meet its call response time goals for the Veterans Crisis Line (VCL), although extended call wait times were not common. VA’s goal is to answer 90 percent of VCL calls at the VCL primary center within 30 seconds. Currently, calls not answered within 30 seconds route to VCL backup call centers; however, for 5 months of fiscal year 2015, calls were routed to VCL backup call centers after 60 seconds. VA officials told GAO that VA data show about 65 to 75 percent of VCL calls were answered at the VCL primary center in fiscal year 2015 within either 30 or 60 seconds. GAO’s covert testing in July and August 2015 confirms VA’s data. Specifically, 119 covert test calls show that an estimated 73 percent of calls made during this period were answered within 30 seconds. GAO also estimates that 99 percent of all VCL calls during this period were answered within 120 seconds. GAO also covertly tested the VCL’s text messaging services and found that 4 of 14 GAO test text messages did not receive responses. ..Without routinely testing its text messaging system or ensuring that its provider does so, VA cannot identify limitations to this service….A 65 page PDF is also available under “Learn More”. At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Viral Oncology 60 mins – “Hosts: Vincent Racaniello, Rich Condit, and Kathy Spindler Guest: Stephen J. Russell From ASV [American Society for Virology]2016 at Virginia Tech, Vincent, Rich and Kathy speak with Stephen Russell about his career and his work on oncolytic virotherapy – using viruses to treat cancers.” At the link right-click “Download TWiV 395” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Water Initiative 28 mins – “If you’re listening to this broadcast, the chances are you can get clean drinking water right from your kitchen sink. But much of the world’s population does not have that luxury. In rural sub-Saharan Africa, the World Health Organization estimates that only about half of the population has access to clean water, and only 23% have access to hygienic sanitation facilities. The burden of this problem falls disproportionately on women and girls who literally carry the water for their communities. Our guest this week on Sea Change Radio is Gemma Bulos, the Executive Director and co-founder of an organization that works to solve the problem by empowering women as technicians and community leaders who build and sustain water-access technology. Bulos explains how the Global Women’s Water Initiative builds capacity, the connection between water access and girls’ education, and the story of how she arrived at this world-changing work.” At the link right-click “download’ and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Watts Riots 18 mins -”50 years ago this week an uprising that became known as the Watts Riots began in a black neighborhood in South Central Los Angeles. A white motorcycle officer pulled over a car with two black men, brothers, for reckless driving…. In the end 34 people were dead. An investigation found that 26 of the deaths were caused by Los Angeles police and the National Guard and ruled justifiable homicide by a Coroner’s inquest. A fireman, a deputy sheriff and police officer were killed in the line of duty. One death was ruled accidental….In the aftermath of the 1965 riots, Ted Watkins founded the Watts Labor Community Action Committee (WLCAC) with the sponsorship of more than a dozen labor unions in an effort to create housing, jobs and a better life for African Americans in South-Central Los Angeles. The group began operating small businesses and buying land to build low-cost housing. Founder Ted Watkins’ son, Timothy, is now the president and CEO of the WLCAC…. James Peterson interviews Timothy Watkins on how the organization has continued to work for social justice and promote fair housing in the neighborhood.” At the link find the title, “A look back at the Watts riots and how the community is looking ahead, Aug, 2015,” right-click “Media files watts-web.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Women Founders 65 mins – “Amanda Kahlow, Founder & CEO, 6sense Arum Kang, Founder and CEO, Coffee Meets Bagel Mada Seghete, Co-Founder, Branch Metrics Caitlin MacDonald, CEO, cred—Moderator According to a 2015 North American study by McKinsey & Company, women are almost four times more likely than men to think they have fewer opportunities to advance because of their gender. How can we change this? During this candid discussion, you’ll join three leading women in tech as they share their experiences of being a woman in the technology industry, what challenges they’ve faced along the way, how they overcame them and ways to encourage more women to pursue careers in tech.” At the link right-click “Play Now” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Work Future 60 mins – “This week, we’re thinking about how rapidly advancing technology will change our future, our work, and our well-being. We speak to Richard and Daniel Susskind about their book “The Future of Professions: How Technology Will Transform the Work of Human Experts” about the impacts technology may have on professional work. And Nicholas Agar comes on to talk about his book “The Sceptical Optimist” and the ways new technologies will affect our perceptions and well-being.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow on the sound bar and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

World War One at Gallipoli 15 mins – “Drawing on sound archive from the Imperial War Museums and the BBC, Dan Snow looks at the experiences of veterans of the First World War who took part in the landings at Anzac Cove and Cape Helles in April 1915. As the first assaults were made, soldiers landed in chaotic conditions, under heavy fire, and those who survived then faced extraordinarily difficult terrain to cross, and there were reports of the sea turning red.” At the link right-click “Download MP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

World War One Battle of Loos 14 mins – “Before the last survivors of the First World War passed away, the memories of many of those who fought it were captured in sound recordings. Speakers recall in great detail as though it were yesterday the conditions of the trenches, the brutality of the battlefield, the experience of seeing their first casualty and hearing their first shell, their daily and nightly routines, and their psychological state in the face of so much trauma….” At the link right-click “Download MP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

World War One Battle of Verdun 15 mins – “…The first five programmes of this year’s series of Voices of the First World War explore the events of 1916 from the point of view of those who experienced them, from descriptions of the huge and costly battles that engulfed all Armies on the Western Front to the fall-out of the introduction of conscription in Britain, with Conscientious Objectors revealing the consequences of their decision not to fight. Dan Snow begins the week hearing the experiences of French soldiers who fought at the Battle of Verdun. In interviews recorded in 1964 for the BBC Great War series, they recall the hellish conditions for those who took part in the drawn-out battle.” At the link right-click “Download MP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

World War One Gas 15 mins – “Drawing on the vivid recollections of veterans of the First World War in the sound archives of the Imperial War Museums and the BBC, Dan Snow looks at the first German chlorine gas attacks of the war. During the 2nd Battle of Ypres in April and May 1915, poison gas was released on unsuspecting troops, and had a more powerful effect than even the German were expecting. From those who had to run away and those who managed to stay put in the trenches and keep firing, we hear what it was like to be there, and experience this new weapon.” At the link right-click “Download MP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

World War One Medicine 27 mins – “ …conflicts like World War I have driven technological innovation… On 1st July 1916 alone, there were 58,000 British casualties. The need for speedy and effective evacuation and treatment for the injured on the frontline was urgent. But the narrow trenches on the edges of the battlefields made it very difficult to carry the wounded to field hospitals… Paper tags were tied onto soldiers to record their injuries and whether medication had been given or a tourniquet applied to stem blood loss… Eddie Chaloner is a consultant vascular surgeon who’s served in the Royal Army Medical Corp in Rwanda, Bosnia, and Kosovo. He explains how blood transfusion was still in its early stages during the First World War. The ABO blood groups had only been discovered by Austrian physician, Karl Landsteiner in 1900 – and the Rh factor wasn’t identified until just before World War II. Direct transfusion – from the donor’s body into the recipient sitting next to them – could be carried out, but not on the large scale required by battlefield injuries… A number of gases were used as weapons – chlorine gas on its own or mixed with phosgene, and later mustard gas caused severe blistering to the body. Doctors used paraffin to treat the blisters. As well as the injuries inflicted by gas, many hundreds of thousands were shot and field hospitals tried to mend the gunshot wounds… In countries like Afghanistan, Pakistan, parts of India and Latin America, so-called “celebratory” gunfire involves firing weapons up into the air in order to mark a positive event. They’re often considered to be a harmless show of strength or bravado, but Hugo Goodridge reports from the Lebanese capital Beirut, where a number of people have been killed or injured by guns fired in the city. It is illegal to discharge a gun in a public place in Lebanon and the police have used social media to try and change attitudes towards celebratory gunfire….” At the link find the title, “How War and Conflict Have Helped to Improve Medical Treatments, Jun, 2016,” right-click “Media files p03zx0vy.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

World War One Pals 27 mins – “The towns of east Lancashire in North-West England were among the worst hit by the massive loss of life on the first day of the Battle of the Somme 100 years ago. The Mayor of Accrington, a small textile town, had volunteered to form a battalion of 1,000 local men to help England’s war effort in 1914. Men from neighbouring Burnley and Chorley completed the new battalion, which became known as the Accrington Pals because friends, neighbours and workmates had all joined up to fight together.” At the link find the title, “The Accrington Pals, Jun, 2016,” right-click “Media files p03zsrq4.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

World War One U-Boats 27 mins – “…Presented by Dan Snow, the second five programmes to be broadcast this year look at the events of 1915, including veterans’ memories of their first trips home on leave, the rise of U-Boat attacks, the disastrous Battle of Loos, and the experiences of those fighting on the Eastern Front as the war expanded, in Salonika and Mesopotamia.In the second programme we hear the recollections of two German Officers who served on U-Boats, one of whom, Martin Niemoller, had become a Lutheran Pastor and leading voice in warning against the dangers of political apathy by the time of his contribution to the BBC Great War Series in 1964. And Alice Drury, a survivor of the Lusitania, vividly recalls its sinking by German torpedo in May 1915.” At the link right-click “Download MP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Thanks for stopping by.

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About virginiajim

Retired knowledge nut.
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