Media Mining Digest 253 – Sep 16, 2016: Alpha-GPC, American Dream Changes, American Work Ethic, Americans in Revolt, Arctic Ice, Attica, Black Women in Space, Boarder Barriers, Buckleys, Canadian Economy Slows, Chronic Fatigue and Malaria, Climate Disruption, Cluster Bombs in Laos, CO2 Extraction, Coal Trends, Colorado River Basin, Communist Recruit, Concussion Research, Conservation Front Lines, Corruption in Washington, Dancing Professionally, Digital Divide Fix, Disruptive Era, Dog Training, Education in Rural Areas, Farming in Poor Countries, Flint Michigan Water, Fox News, Gender Anxiety, Girls and Sex, Great Place to Work, Health Care in America, Health Care in Canada, Hearst Kidnapping, Hieronymus Bosch, Homework, Human Transplant, Infrastructure History, investment Lessons, Invisible People, IRA Belfast Project, ISIS Recruiting Disruption, Journalism, Juan Gabriel, Loons, Lost Property Scams, Macular Degeneration, Mindset Mastery, Mushroom Radio, Nigerian Film Industry, Nuclear Waste, Oil Industry, Physician Mental Health, Polish Village Massacre, Power Paradox, Private Prisons, Reviving the Dead, Science of Warfare, Seed Vaults, Sex Harassment in Canada, Sex Slavery in Mumbai, Single Women, Skill Hoarder, Sleep, Smartphone Future, Smell, Social Impact Organizations, Stasi Police Techniques, Statins, Terrorism Years, Theranos Story, Twin Towers Falling Man, Vietnam War, Virginia from Canada, Virginia Tech Massacre, Watermelons

Earobics – aerobics for the brain: the 84 podcasts shown below present the best ideas, information and stories from a larger group of 229 for the week for your ears while your hands and eyes are busy. Double or ctrl-click individual titles to get single podcasts and explore the source, although it’s easier to get all the files in zip format here for the next four months.  A collection of over 11,000 similar podcasts, listed alphabetically, can be downloaded piecemeal or in groups here.  You’ll be limited to a 4GB maximum per download, so at least twelve group downloads will be needed to get all files, which total over 45GB and may take awhile. The first entry of this collection is a text file listing all the titles for quicker reference.  An alphabetized collection of all 10,000 abstracts is available at this link and it’s updated quarterly.  Even more diversity is possible using a podcast aggregator loaded with this opml file of 325 sources, so even the discarded podcasts can be found and downloaded. Exercise your ears and let everything else relax.

Alpha-GPC 33 mins – “While there are many foods naturally high in choline, there are also tons of choline supplements out there: citicoline (also known as CDP choline), phosphatidylcholine, and alpha-GPC (L-Alpha glycerylphosphorylcholine). In episode 144, Jesse and Scott Hagerman, President of Chemi Nutra focus on alpha-GPC. Acetylcholine is the End Game for Alpha-GPC Choline is an essential precursor to the neurotransmitter acetylcholine.  Acetylcholine is a multi-tasker in the brain and body, playing important roles in activating muscles, attention, responsiveness to sensory stimuli, motivation, learning, memory, and REM sleep. It’s a natural compound and is biosynthesized by the body from foods like eggs and liver are particularly high in choline.  Choline is then turned into acetylcholine. In the body, acetylcholine engages muscle fiber and controls muscle movement and power output. In the brain, acetylcholine keeps you motivated, helps you focus, boosts memory, and aids with learning….” At the link right-click “Download” and slect “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

American Dream Changes 16 mins – “For the first time in history, the majority of American parents don’t think their kids will be better off than they were. This shouldn’t be a cause for alarm, says journalist Courtney Martin. Rather, it’s an opportunity to define a new approach to work and family that emphasizes community and creativity. “The biggest danger is not failing to achieve the American Dream,” she says in a talk that will resonate far beyond the US. “The biggest danger is achieving a dream that you don’t actually believe in.” At the link click “Download,” right-click “Download audio” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

American Work Ethic 58 mins – “The Labor Day holiday offers some of us a much-needed break from work, but most Americans don’t get much vacation time. In this episode, the Guys look at American attitudes towards the value, meaning, and importance of work. We examine the meaning of the Puritan work ethic, and how race and class are often more important than hard work in determining achievement. We also ask why a strong work ethic has long been a key part of what it means to be American.

Americans in Revolt 54 mins – “A first book launch from our very own Sarah Jaffe! For over two years she has painstakingly chronicled and analyzed social movements since the 2008 financial crisis, and Belabored couldn’t be prouder to present the final product with an exclusive interview with the author. From the other side of the mic, Sarah discusses the political developments depicted in Necessary Trouble, drawing connections among the activists and campaigns she’s followed in her reporting over the years, and illuminates new horizons in American radicalism. In other news, we look at another digital newsroom organizing battle, India’s child labor loophole, a right-to-work showdown in West Virginia, and Olympic sexism. With recommended reading on a union battle at a Trump casino and labor’s decline in the shadow of Trump.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow at the end of the sound bar and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Arctic Ice 32 mins – “The extent of the Arctic sea ice continues to drop, but how accurate are the predictions that measure it? And what could happen if it finally disappears?In his latest book A Farewell to Ice, Peter Wadhams, professor of ocean physics at Cambridge University, explores the current crisis faced by Arctic sea ice, and in doing so makes some alarming predictions. But how accurate are these? And do they even matter, when the potential ramifications of the total disappearance of Arctic sea ice are considered? Joining Ian Sample in the studio this week alongside Professor Wadhams, are Dr David Schroeder, at the Centre for Polar Observation and Modelling at Reading University, Jonathan Bamber, professor of physical geography at the University of Bristol, and the Guardian’s own environment site editor, Adam Vaughan.” At the link right-click “Download MP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Attica Revolt 50 mins – “We’re revisiting the Attica prison revolt in 1971. It began as a civil rights protest and ended in a massacre when Governor Nelson Rockefeller ordered his state troopers to teargas the prisoners and open fire. In the story only now coming clear, Attica marks the twilight of the civil rights movement and the dawn of mass incarceration….” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Attica Story 25 mins – “Tom Robbins talks about his recent New York Times story, reporting on prisons, and getting the public to care about abuse of inmates.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Black Women in Space 47 mins – “The untold story of the black women — mathematicians — who helped NASA win the space race. We’ll talk to the author of “Hidden Figures.”Think of NASA and the early days of the space race, and you’re likely to envision a bunch of white guys in crew cuts and chunky glasses at Mission Control. Behind the scenes, there was another, most unlikely reality: a crew of black women doing the math that would guide those American rockets into space and home again. Their story is about to be a big movie with Taraji P. Henson and more. We’ve got the woman who wrote it. This hour On Point: the black women who steered the space race.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow under the play button and select “Save Link as” from the pop-up menu.

Boarder Barriers 9 mins – “Donald Trump and his supporters have a plan for a wall on the U.S. Mexican border. But a wall authorized by George W. Bush is already there, and it’s affecting everything from wildlife migration to flooding.” At the link find the title, “Trump’s U.S.-Mexico border wall will endanger wildlife, says scientist, Sept, 2016,” right-click “Media files current_20160908_56914.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Buckleys 25 mins – “James Buckley discusses his life and upbringing as well as the genesis of Firing Line and the success of his brother Bill. James describes Bill as a fresh spirit who wanted to meet all types of people and listen to different viewpoints. Bill loved a good debate. James notes that his parents were literate and that education and speaking well were important. They trained their children to work hard, be genteel, and listen to the other side. James notes that we make progress in society, such as during the Reagan years, if someone can demonstrate the causes and effects of socialist-type policies so that people are more apt to understand, embrace, and thrive in the free market. James ends by saying that although we may become pessimistic about the American experiment, hope is always around the corner because virtue and good sense reside in the people.” At the link find the title, “James Buckley discusses his life and values on Uncommon Knowledge, Jul, 2016,” right-click “Media files 20160713-buckley.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Canadian Economy Slows 21 mins – “Canada’s GDP numbers reveal a faltering economy and critics argue more needs to be done to fix our economic situation. With key members of the Liberal’s economic team at the G20, it’s time to ask what fiscal forensics mean to Canada’s financial future.” At the link find the title, “GDP numbers worst since 2009, critics argue government needs to fix faltering economy, Sept, 2016,” right-click “Media files current_20160905_10442.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Chronic Fatigue and Malaria 27 mins – “Chronic Fatigue Syndrome is like hibernation? by Ian Woolf, and Associate Professor Mat Todd talks about Open Source malaria research – part 1” At the link right-click “download MP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Climate Disruption 60 mins – “What are top world scientists telling government about climate extremes? How dangerous is our current situation? From Carnegie at Stanford, Dr. Chris Field and Dr. Katharine Mach on latest. Plus Dr. Mylene Mariette: what birds tell eggs about a hotter world….” At thelinkright-click “Lo-Fi” beside “Download…” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Cluster Bombs in Laos 5 mins – “Laos became the world’s most-bombed country per capita from 1964 to 1973 as Washington launched a secret CIA-led war to cut supplies flowing to communist fighters during the Vietnam War. Much of the country is still littered with ordnance, including millions of cluster munition “bomblets” that still maim and kill to this day. The issue has long dogged relations between the United States and Laos, a cloistered and impoverished communist nation. But both sides have moved closer in recent years and Obama’s visit — the first by a US president to Laos — is being hailed as a landmark opportunity to reset ties. In a statement, the White House said it was earmarking $90 million for Laos over the next three years “to address the impact caused by unexploded ordnance”. The figure dwarfs Washington’s previous commitments to Laos — in the last 20 years it had given a total of $100 million….” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

CO2 Extraction 36 mins – “Hacking is a word that is often tied to something bad. However, there are times when hacking can be for something good. Think of it as a tool that can be put to use for good or bad. We also think of hacking as something only done with computers, but can we hack other things? Dr. Biology sits down with scientist Klaus Lackner to talk about how he is hacking the environment in order to pull carbon dioxide (CO2) out of the air. If he succeeds, it could help reduce CO2 in atmosphere and redirect it towards better uses.” At the link right-click “MP3 download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Coal Trends P1 54 mins – “When we burn coal we change the biosphere. As James Hansen says, ‘if we burned all of the coal in the ground, the planet is cooked. It would result in temperature rise of several degrees and sea level rise of tens of metres.’ So do we continue down that road, or change?  There are encouraging signs, with the price of renewable energy falling. But there is vast investment in coal. Mining companies are looking to increase production. Tom Morton visits Germany, India and northern NSW where plans are underway for new and bigger coal mines. Local people are fighting back, to save their traditional lands, their ancient villages, animal corridors and rich agricultural lands, all of which are threatened by the ongoing march of coal.” At the link right-click “Download audio” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Coal Trends P2 53 mins – “Today, Tom Morton continues documenting the struggle against coal on three continents. In Germany, the proposed expansion of a coal mine would see villages destroyed, along with farmland and forest. In Australia, a food bowl in northern NSW will be at risk if aquifers are damaged by mining. Farmers and environmentalists have joined forces in an unlikely alliance. And in India, subsistence farmers would be removed from traditional lands, with animal corridors disrupted if a proposed mine expansion goes ahead.” At the link right-click “Download audio” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Coal Trends P3 54 mins – “Change in the world’s energy system is happening fast in some countries, not at all in others. We’ve heard the battles of local people fighting for their homes, their farms and forests against the expansion plans of coal mining companies. And despite coal’s low market price in 2016, solar PV is on its way to becoming the cheapest source for electricity. Global investment in renewable energy is now higher than in fossil fuels. Some countries understand the urgency to reduce the amount of coal burnt for electricity. China has a policy to shift away from coal and has begun an energy transition. The nation has plans to reduce coal in its energy mix to 60% by 2020 and then reduce further. China’s wind capacity alone is already 100GW. Australia’s total generating capacity is 60GW. Change is under way. Electricity will be cheaper and cleaner. The challenge is for the world to rebuild its energy system quickly to minimize damage from a warming planet.” At the link right-click “Download audio” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Colorado River Basin 29 mins – “As the temperature and population continue to rise in the southwestern United States, water becomes scarcer than ever. How did we get here? Will the water dry up completely? This week on Sea Change Radio, we discuss all things Colorado River Basin with author John Fleck, who’s just released a book on the subject. We look back at the struggle over water rights in Arizona, discuss how Mexico and the U.S. are cooperating over the Colorado River Delta, and talk about the complexities of growing alfalfa in the desert.” At the link right-click “Download” and select”Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Communist Recruit 47 mins – “Noel Field is not a name you’re likely to recognize. But you’ll never forget his story once you hear it. His is the tale of a 20th century American who fell in love with an idea called communism and decided to betray his country for it, even as the system betrayed him and nearly destroyed him. In a new book, “True Believer,” journalist Kati Marton tells Field’s story. She joins guest host John Donvan to explore Field’s fascination with the Soviet cause and why young people today can still fall in love with dangerous ideologies.” At the link you can listen, but not download; however, a copy is included in the blog archive.

Concussion Research 16 mins – “What is a concussion? Probably not what you think it is. In this talk from the cutting edge of research, bioengineer (and former football player) David Camarillo shows what really happens during a concussion — and why standard sports helmets don’t prevent it. Here’s what the future of concussion prevention looks like.” At the link click “Download,” right-click “Download audio” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Conservation Front Lines 47 mins – “The new conservationists of the Mississippi River watershed: author Miriam Horn joins us with stories of ranchers, farmers and fishermen trying to do the right thing- ecologically- in the country’s heartland.We’ve got challenges coming to our fields and streams and seas. We’ve got challenges already here, with climate change and more. Ask any farmer or rancher or fisherman. Some of those frontline harvesters of the land and sea are also on the frontline of finding new ways to cultivate and care for soil and water, fisheries and farmland. It’s not hypothetical for them. It’s their livelihood. Their family futures. This hour On Point: the rancher, farmer, fisherman view of conserving our environmental future.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow under the play button and select “Save Link as” from the pop-up menu.

Corruption in Washington 22 mins – “Judicial Watch President Tom Fitton discusses his book, [Clean House: Exposing Our Government’s Secrets and Lies], about government controversies that occurred during the Obama administration, including those involving Hillary Clinton.” At the link find the title, “Q&A with Tom Fitton, Aug, 2016,” right-click “Media files program.452958.MP3-STD.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Dancing Professionally 50 mins – “Blessed with astonishing power and grace, Ukrainian dancer Sergei Polunin rocketed to the top of the ballet world. At 19 years old he became the youngest ever principal dancer in London’s Royal Ballet. Two years later, he quit. There was nothing left for him to accomplish, and his pursuit of stardom had torn his family apart and left him feeling hollow. Filmmaker Steven Cantor’s new film documents Polunin’s rise, fall, and redemption. It’s called Dancer, and he joins us Thursday to talk about it.” At the link right-click the play button beside “Listen” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Digital Divide Fix 30 mins – “After his daughter asked how her classmates could do their school homework if they did not have a computer or Internet access at home, Pat Millen’s family formed E2D – a nonprofit organization called Eliminate the Digital Divide. This week, Pat and I talk about their strategy, which was created in the footprint of North Carolina’s municipal MI-Connection but is now expanding through Charlotte and working with incumbent operators. E2D has arranged an innovative and replicable program to distribute devices, provide training, and arrange for an affordable connection. Along the way, they developed a sustainable funding model rather than merely asking people with deep pockets for a one-time donation. An important lesson from E2D is the richness of opportunity when people take action locally. That is often among the hardest steps when success is far from assured – but these local actions are the ones that can be the most successful because they are tuned to local needs, assets, and culture.” At the link right-click “…download this mp3 file directly from here.” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Disruptive Era P1 26 mins – “Undeniably, we’re living in an age of disruption. From breakneck advances in technology; to staggering wealth inequality, and global terrorism. Author Chris Kutarna says it’s the best time in history to be alive in what he calls a new renaissance.” At the link find the title, “What the renaissance can teach us about Trump and our disruptive age, Sept, 2016,” right-click “Media files current_20160906_57904.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Disruptive Era P2 24 mins – “Age of Discovery author Chris Kutarna is back. Yesterday, he argued we through a second Renaissance. Today, he finds similarities in the populist politics of the 1400’s and the words of a certain presidential candidate just over our border.” At the link find the title, “Pt 2: What the Renaissance can teach us about our disruptive age, Sept, 2016,” right-click “Media files current_20160907_49435.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Dog Training 27 mins – “We all like to think our dogs are happy with us, but how can we be sure? New research suggests most of us can’t tell – so are our dogs really happy, and can we use science to make them happier? We discover new science-based ways of communicating with dogs, how to better read what they’re saying to us, how our own personalities impact their happiness, and how new technology can help our pets be happier in life – all part of a new science dubbed dogmanship.” At the link right-click “download video: mp4” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Education in Rural Areas 58 mins – “Technology can bring great benefit far outside the ecosystem of a city. Rural schools are often understaffed and underfunded, so digital courses can bring extra faculty in from afar, and inexpensive digital materials can provide much needed resources to students. That said, bringing technology infrastructure to a school far from a city is no easy task. However, one individual in particular knows a lot about how to run a rural school. Daisy Dyer Duerr is a former principal from Arkansas who’s now working with rural schools across the country on technology initiatives and training for teachers and administrators. She transformed her floundering Title I school without any technology into a top-performing school with cutting edge devices for its students. Check out the podcast to hear her story.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Farming in Poor Countries 21 mins – “There is a mystery in many poor countries. Why don’t farmers specialize and grow more food? Two economists with very different theories go head to head to find out.” At the link find the title, “September 7, 2016, #723: The Risk Farmers,” click the circle with three dots, right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Flint Michigan Water 27 mins – “For decades Flint Michigan derived safe drinking water from Detroit. When the supply was switched to save money a series of events unfolded and their supply became undrinkable. How could this happen? With John Chidgey.” At the link find the title, “Causality 11: Flint Michigan, Jul, 2016,” right-click “Media files Causality-E011.m4a” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Fox News 47 mins – “Fox News has been making its own news this week: a $20 million dollar payout and an unusual public apology to former Fox News host Gretchen Carlson who filed sexual harassment charges earlier this year against now former CEO Roger Ailes. Then the announcement that long time Fox evening anchor Greta Van Susteren was stepping down effective immediately. Many question whether recent events point to a few bumps for the top rated cable news organization or the start of a wholesale shift in organizations culture and direction: Join us to discuss what’s going at Fox News and why it matters.” (4 guests) At the link you can listen, but not download; however, a copy is included in the blog archive.

Gender Anxiety 48 mins – “Last week, a federal judge blocked an order from the Obama administration mandating that public schools nationwide allow transgender students to use bathrooms that correspond with their gender identity. Earlier in the summer, the U.S. legally recognized the first non-binary person, someone who identifies as neither male nor female. Both of these stories highlight the latest chapter in how our understanding of gender is changing—and the corresponding unease many have with it. What it means to be a man and a woman, and evolving perspectives on gender and sex.” (3 guests) At the link you can listen, but not download; however, a copy is included in the blog archive.

Girls and Sex 47 mins – “It’s always been hard for parents to talk to their kids about sex. But author Peggy Orenstein says, particularly with daughters, it’s more important than ever. For her new book, “Girls & Sex: Navigating the Complicated New Landscape,” Orenstein interviewed over 70 girls and young women—on everything from the pressures of social media to the impact of online pornography—and what she found disturbed her. Orenstein says that while girls have more opportunities today than ever, when it comes to sex, they’re getting mixed messages. Diane and her guests discuss the complicated and contradictory messages young girls are getting about sex.” At the link you can listen, but not download; however, a copy is included in the blog archive.

Great Place to Work 23 minsInterview with China Gorman, former CEO of the Great Place to Work Institute. At the link find the title, “The Bill Kutik Radio Show #183: China Gorman, Former CEO, Great Place to Work Institute,Sept, 2015,” right-click “Media files BKRS_183_CHINA_GORMAN_V2.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Health Care in America 12 mins – “Rebecca Cooney discusses a platform for improving health in the US.” “US Election 2016: The Lancet: September 8, 2016,” right-click “Media files 08sept-uselection.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Health Care in Canada 20 mins – “Eight years ago, Dr. Brian Day began his court challenge to have private health insurance for surgery in private clinics. It is a case with the potential to reshape our health-care system. But health advocates foresee negative consequences for Canada.” At the link find the title, “Should Canadians have access to private surgery clinics? Sept, 2016,” right-click “Media files current_20160907_28912.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Hearst Kidnapping 52 mins – “Thursday, our guest is author Jeffrey Toobin, who’s written a book about the 1974 kidnapping of Patty Hearst. Hearst was 19 and heir to her family’s fortune when the “Symbionese Liberation Army” took her, and it soon seemed that she had adopted their incoherent, revolutionary cause. We’ll explore the controversy over Hearst’s involvement in their crimes, the atmosphere that gave birth to the SLA, and why Toobin says the story sheds light on a time when America was on the brink of a nervous breakdown. Jeffrey Toobin is a staff writer at The New Yorker and senior legal analyst at CNN. His new book is called American Heiress: The Wild Saga of the Kidnapping, Crimes and Trial of Patty Hearst.” At the link right-click the play button beside “Listen” nd select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Hieronymus Bosch 52 mins – “If you’ve ever seen paintings by the Dutch artist Hieronymus Bosch, such as The Garden of Earthly Delights, you’ve probably wondered what they mean and what kind of person could have imagined such fanciful scenes. Problem is, we know very little about Bosch’s personal story. That leaves the paintings, which present their own puzzles. This year marks the 500th anniversary of Bosch’s death, and Monday, art historian Gary Schwartz joins us to discuss the fearless artist’s life and his inventive art. Gary Schwartz is an art historian of Dutch painters of the 17th century and the author of two books about Hieronymus Bosch, one for young readers, First Impressions: Hieronymus Bosch , and Jheronimus Bosch: The Road to Heaven and Hell.At the link right-click the play button beside “Listen” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Homework 25 mins – “As students return to school, some families are pushing for no homework for their kids saying there’s no evidence that homework helps academic achievement. Critics say homework can actually hurt both learning and overall well-being.” At the link find the title, “School homework hurts learning and well-being, says parent, Sept, 2016,” right-click “Media files current_20160906_14856.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Homework Ban 57 mins – “Nicola Luksic marks the history of homework and what it would mean if it was banned all together.” At the link find the title, “Homework Ban, Sept, 2016,” right-click “Media files ideas_20160907_37089.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Human Transplants 47 mins – “Human transplants. Hand, face, uterus, even head transplants in the news now. We’ll look at the widening frontier of transplant surgeries.The world can look tough, but some people are getting new starts out there – with transplants. Hearts and kidneys we know about. Great gifts from donors who literally give life. But the world of transplants has been expanding, too. You may have heard. Hands. Arms. Faces. More. Transplants that go to quality of life. How far should and will that go? This hour On Point: We talk to a face transplant recipient, and the doctors on the transplant frontier.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow under the play button and select “Save Link as” from the pop-up menu.

Infrastructure History 16 mins – “Infrastructure makes modern civilization possible. Roads, power grids, sewage systems and water networks all underpin society as we know it, forming the basis of our built environment … at least when they work. As Henry Petroski documents in The Road Taken: The History and Future of America’s Infrastructure, physical infrastructure in the United States is in an ongoing state of crisis. The American Society of Civil Engineers recently give American roads and bridges dismal letter grades of D and C+ respectively. Their report describes roughly sixty-five thousand bridges in the United States as being “structurally deficient.” Petroski, a professor of civil engineering and history at Duke University, notes that while the concept of infrastructure is universal our current use of word itself is actually relatively new. In America, the old phrase “public works” became associated with pork barrel spending and fell out of favor in the latter half of the 20th century. Politicians had developed a reputation for swapping favors and funds for support on public works legislation, trading votes and cash to get things done. Infrastructure graft and corruption peaked publicly on October 10, 1973 when Spiro Agnew became the second Vice President to resign the office. His resignation came in the wake of a bribery scandal. These bribes were not tied to his federal position but rather to his time has governor of Maryland and infrastructure projects he was illegally paid to promote in office. In fact, Agnew was in a much greater position to participate in such schemes as a state official rather than a federal one: states and municipalities are largely responsible for roads in the United States.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Investment Lessons 20 mins – “Over the last 3 years the S&P 500 has been the best performer of all the asset classes, as shown in the table of returns at That might easily lead investors to conclude that it’s a waste of extra risk to add the other asset classes to a portfolio (small cap, value and international). This table makes it easy to compare these asset classes over 8 decades starting in 1930. Paul recommends printing out the table or referencing it on your screen while listening to this podcast. The decade of the 80s was the only decade that the S&P 500 was the star performer. To read more about this, see Paul’s MarketWatch article, “8 lessons from 80 years of market history. At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Invisible People 35 mins – “Alecia Faith Pennington was born at home, homeschooled, and never visited a dentist or a hospital. By both chance and design she is completely invisible in the eyes of the state. We follow Faith as she struggles to free herself from one restrictive world only to find that she is trapped in another. In her journey to prove her American citizenship she attempts to answer the age-old question: who am I?” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

IRA Belfast Project 42 mins – “On the next all-NEW Snap…”Blood Oath.” Some commitments go way beyond words. Amazing stories of friendship and betrayal. It’s not always easy to deal with the past, especially if it’s a troubled one. Do you hold on to it or do you let it go? For Anthony McIntyre the answer was easy. Anthony McIntyre is a journalist and you can check out his writings on his website: The Pensive Quill. Thank you to Ed Moloney for sharing the archival tape of the Brendan Hughes interviews from the Belfast Project that were featured in his book, Voices from the Grave. And to learn more about the Belfast Project subpoenas check out this link: https://bostoncollegesubpoena.wordpress.comAt the link click the circle with three dots, right-click “Download audio” and seelect “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

ISIS Recruiting Disruption 72 mins – “As ISIS loses territory and suffers military defeats, the terrorist organization continues to expand its presence online, using the internet to recruit new members and disseminate its messages. Although governments have previously done the most to counter ISIS propaganda, private sector actors are increasingly aiding in this effort based on their industry expertise. A new and promising approach seeks to disrupt online recruiting efforts through targeted advertising. On September 7, new tools and strategies private industry has developed for curating and disseminating anti-extremist content online were discussed. Yasmin Green, head of research and development at Jigsaw, presented the results of a pilot program they developed with Moonshot CVE, Quantum Communications, and the Gen Next Foundation. Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Affairs Richard Stengel joined the panel to offer the U.S. government’s perspective on the role of the private sector in countering extremist propaganda. William McCants, senior fellow and director of the Project on U.S. Relations with the Islamic World at Brookings, provided introductory remarks and moderated the discussion.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

ISIS Removal 37 mins – “General Jack Keane briefly describes the history and rise of ISIS and its aim in the Middle East. Keane then discusses the concrete steps America should take to defeat ISIS, including partnerships with Sunni tribes and a more comprehensive air war.” At the link find the title, “A Plan to Defeat ISIS, Mar, 2016,” right-click “Media files 20160325-Keane.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Journalism Today 24 mins – “The documentary, All Governments Lie argues mainstream, corporate, U.S. media rolls over, not only for government but for commerce. Filmmaker Fred Peabody and journalist Amy Goodman discuss what the media misses, allowing deceptions to go uncovered.” At the link find the title, “‘All Governments Lie’ documentary takes aim at mainstream media, investigative reporting, Sept, 2016,” right-click “Media files current_20160908_87675.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Juan Gabriel 48 mins – “We look back on the huge impact of Mexican pop icon, Juan Gabriel.So many popular Mexican singers are macho. Juan Gabriel was not. And he was the bestselling Mexican musical artist of all time. A Latin American music icon. A cross somehow between Elvis, Tom Jones and Liberace. Last week he performed for a sold-out crowd in Los Angeles, went home, and died. At 66. He grew up in an orphanage. He sang of simple things. And millions sang his songs. This hour On Point, the story of Mexican superstar, Juan Gabriel.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow under the play button and select “Save Link as” from the pop-up menu.

Loons 16 mins – “The iconic call of the loon is one you’ll hear on ponds and lakes throughout the state. We’re checked in with John Cooley, Senior Biologist with the Loon Preservation Committee to learn a bit about the bird and the state of its welfare….” At the link right-click the play button beside “Listen” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Lost Property Scams 39 mins – “Liz lost her camera in a cab, so she went to the New York City Taxi website to submit it to their lost and found database. At least, that’s what she thought she did. Alex investigates and finds a big business behind the success of a suspicious little website. If you lose something in a cab in New York City, Call 311, or go to this website. The Department of Consumer Affairs encourages anyone who feels they have been misled by to file a complaint with DCA‎ online at or by calling 311.” At the link find the title, “#76 Lost in a Cab,” right-click “Media files GLT9011306807.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Macular Degeneration 19 mins – “This week’s Pickens Podcast is an interview with Dr. Neil Bressler, MD, a Professor of Ophthalmology and Chief of the Retinal Division at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland. Dr. Bressler is one of the world’s experts in treating the eye disease known as macular degeneration. I, along with about 8 million other Americans, have this disease, which used to be the leading cause of blindness in older Americans. Due to the research Dr. Bressler and his colleagues have been conducting at Johns Hopkins and elsewhere, 75-80 percent of people with macular degeneration can have their vision preserved using modern drugs and medical techniques. If you’re over the age of 60 or have a parent or relative who is, I think you (and they) will find this discussion interesting, informative, and inspiring.” At the link find the title, “Episode 36: Dr. Neil Bressler,” right-click “Media files 4896240-episode-36-dr-neil-bressler.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Mindset Mastery 11 mins – Salman Khan discusses mastering subjects and impact of mindset in the process during this 2015 TED talk, The talk is missing online, but a copy is included in the blog archive.

Mushroom Radio 29 mins – “1635 Mushroom FM Radio (Aug. 24, 2016) Show Notes Mushroom FM Radio is a globally available internet station completely run by blind individuals. Hosts Nancy and Peter Torpey speak with Jonathan Mosen, founder, director and weekly DJ, about Mushroom FM (“the home of the fun guys”), how this streaming service got started….” At the link find the title, “1635 Mushroom FM Radio (Aug. 24, 2016),” right-click “Media files eos_1635_podcast.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Nigerian Film Industry 24 mins – “Nadia Denton, the author of The Nigerian filmmaker’s guide to success: beyond Nollywood about the Nigerian film industry, talks to Cambridge Judge Business School’s Dr Allègre Hadida. Nadia Denton is a member of BAFTA with considerable film industry experience. She has curated programmes at the British Film Institute and the Institute of Contemporary Arts and acted as a consultant for both film festivals and film schools. She has been featured on CNN, BBC and Radio 4 and her other publications include The British black filmmaker’s guide to success: finance, market and distribute your film. Nadia has a BA in Modern History from St Hilda’s College, Oxford.” Right-click down-pointing arrow at the end of the sound bar and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up

Nuclear Waste 26 mins – “Keith talks with May Nyman, Associate Professor of Chemistry at Oregon State University. She talks about her time at Sandia National Laboratories researching nuclear waste management and using titanium dioxide to quickly and more efficiently absorb radioactive strontium, neptunium, and plutonium. She also talks about the benefits of virtual collaboration with other universities on conducting research.” At the link right-click the play button beside “listen” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Oil Industry 30 mins – “The big oil companies are the pantomime villains of the global warming debate. They’ve been accused of everything from climate change denial to commercial incompetence in a rapidly changing world. Campaigners attack their boardroom practices and push pension funds and universities to withdraw their investments. Tom Heap examines the reactions of the likes of Exxon, Shell, BP and Total to the mounting evidence of man-made climate change. How much did they know? How much did they lobby against meaningful action? He meets Lord Browne, the former head of BP who famously rebranded his company as ‘Beyond Petroleum’ to find out why the rest of the industry failed to join his campaign to cut emissions and invest in renewable energy. Tom and Lord Browne also discuss the changing rhetoric since the signing of the 2015 Paris climate change agreement. With fresh commitments to alternative fuels could the oil companies finally turn themselves from the villain to the principal boy, using their engineering expertise to halt the planet’s changing climate?” At the link right-click “Download MP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Physician Mental Health 21 mins – “When Giselle applied to medical school she decided to be completely open about her experience with mental health: depression, anxiety and a suicide attempt when she was 16 years old. She’s not alone—roughly 300 physicians in America commit suicide every year, and a higher percentage of doctors are depressed than the average person. But the intensity and prestige of the medical field doesn’t always lend itself to an open conversation about these issues.” At the link find the title, “Q&A with Tom Fitton, Aug, 2016,” right-click “Media files program.452958.MP3-STD.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Polish Village Massacre 53 mins – “This week we feature a reading and conversation presented by the Boston University Center for the Study of Europe, and the Frederick S. Pardee School of Global Studies. Speaking on their new bookThe Crime and the Silence: Confronting the Massacre of Jews in Wartime Jedwabne” are author, Anna Bikont, and translator, Alissa Valles. Princeton University Research Scholar and Lecturer in the Department of Slavic Languages and Literatures, Irena Grudzinska Gross moderates.” At the link right-click the down=pointing arrow under the play button and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Power Paradox 21 mins – “We’ve all heard the old adage that “power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely,” but psychologist Dacher Keltner at UC Berkeley has found evidence to prove it. His book is The Power Paradox: How We Gain and Lose Influence.” At the link find the title, “Episode 43: The Perils of Power, Sept, 2016,” right-click “Media files 20160902_hiddenbrain_podcast43.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Private Prisons 47 mins – “This week, Reveal revisits an hour with Mother Jones reporter Shane Bauer inside a private prison on lockdown. We take an unfiltered look at America’s private corrections industry and follow up on some big news.” At the link find the title, “[Update] The man inside: Four months as a prison guard, Sept, 2016,” right-click “Media files Update-The-man-inside_-Four-months-as-a-prison-guard_podcast.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Reviving the Dead 58 mins – “For millennia, when people stopped breathing, they stopped living. The classic test for determining whether people were asleep or dead was whether they could fog a mirror. Resuscitating the Drowned: In the eighteenth century, the citizens of Amsterdam became alarmed at the number of residents perishing by drowning in the canals. They started a Society for the Favor of Drowned Persons that experimented with some interesting techniques to try to revive the drowned. David Casarett, MD, reviews the history of resuscitation medicine with us. He then brings us up to date on current advances in rescuing people who have suffered heart attacks or other potentially lethal catastrophes as well as drowning. What questions should we ask as science makes it increasingly possible to revive the recently dead? Is that always desirable? This Week’s Guest: David Casarett, MD, MA, is a palliative care physician and health services researcher whose work focuses on improving systems of care for people with serious, life-threatening illnesses. He recently relocated from the University of Pennsylvania where he was a tenured professor of medicine. Dr. Casarett is now Chief of Palliative Care at the Duke University School of Medicine. He received the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers. This is the highest honor the US government gives to researchers in the early stages of their careers. Dr. Casarett has also written three non-fiction books, including Shocked: Adventures in Bringing Back the Recently Dead (2014). His first novel in the Ethical Chiang Mai Detective Agency series, Murder at the House of Rooster Happiness, will be published in September 2016.” At the link find the title “Show 1048: How to Revive the Recently Dead,” right-click “Media files PP-1048ReviveDead.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Science of Warfare 52 mins – “When you think about military science, what’s the first thing that comes to mind? Bombs and guns, right? Well, that’s not what interests the writer Mary Roach, who has a habit of seeking out eccentric scientific corners. She’s not so much curious about the killing as she is about the keeping alive. That curiosity led her to research into the battlefield’s more obscure threats: exhaustion, shock, bacteria, panic, even turkey vultures. Roach joins us Tuesday to explore the curious science of humans at war. Mary Roach is the author of the books Stiff, Spook, Bonk, Packing for Mars, and Gulp. Her new book is called Grunt: The Curious Science of Humans at War.” At the link right-click the play button beside “Listen” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Seed Vaults 46 mins – “North of the Arctic Circle, deep inside a mountain in Norway, there’s a tunnel carved into the rock. It leads to a big room with subzero temperatures, filled with shelf upon shelf of boxes that hold hundreds of seeds from all over the planet. It’s called the Global Seed Vault, founded by conservationist Cary Fowler in 2008 to collect and protect seed samples from all over the world. Today, the vault holds more than 800,000 samples. For this month’s Environmental Outlook: Guest host John Donvan talks with the “father” of The Global Seed Vault about its role in protecting the world’s food supply from political upheaval and climate change.” At the link you can listen, but not download; however, a copy is included in the blog archive.

Sex Harassment in Canada 9 mins – “Employment lawyer, Janice Rubin says Ontario’s Bill 132 is game-changing. It’s the first time in Canada where employers are obligated to investigate both, complaints and incidents of harassment, and also must train employees on this issue.” At the link find the title, “Ontario law strengthens workplace harassment investigations, says lawyer, Sept, 2016,” right-click “Media files current_20160908_56310.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Sex Slaves in Mumbai 34 mins – “Novelist Anosh Irani takes us into Mumbai’s red light district in his latest novel, The Parcel. The light he sheds on the dark corner of reality reveals harsh truths about child sex workers in Mumbai. But it’s ultimately redeeming.” At the link find the title, “Anosh Irani sheds light on Mumbai’s child sex workers in The Parcel, Sept, 2016,” right-click “Media files current_20160909_53311.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Single Women 46 mins – “An unprecedented number of women in the U.S. are staying single longer. How those “single ladies” are shaping our nation.For the first time in history in recent years, single women outnumbered married women in America. Among young adults, their numbers have exploded. Forty six percent of women under 34, now never married. The stigma of “spinster” sounds positively antique. The reality of single ladies has huge new range, from power to poverty. For many, a sense of liberation. And a swelling impact on workplaces, economics, politics. This hour On Point, Rebecca Traister on the rise of the American single woman.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow under the play button and select “Save Link as” from the pop-up menu.

Skill Hoarder 58 mins – “Bob Clagett from I Like to Make Stuff talks about building new skills, managing multiple projects at once, and DIY.” At the link find the title, “Skill Building, Project Planning, and DIY (Ep. 123),” right-click “Media files 46319.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Sleep 39 mins – “It is incredible how we have disregarded and marginalized sleep in our order of priorities” Prof Russell Foster is a circadian neuroscientist and heads the Circadian Neuroscience Institute at the University of Oxford, UK. He has spent his career exploring the issues of sleep, from why we sleep to what its relationship is with mood disorders and abnormal cognitive behavior. This is a conversation I have wanted to have for quite some time and a topic I wanted to include on the show as sleep, or more accurately, its absence is an ever present concern for most physicians.” At the linkr ight-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Smartphone Future 47 mins – “What next for smartphones? Apple’s got a new one out. Samsung’s got a recall. We’ll look at the smartphone future. A new smartphone out from Apple yesterday: iPhone 7. No headphone jack. Fancy cameras. New colors. No revolution. But relentlessly in the near-decade now since the iPhone’s debut, smartphones – Apple, Samsung and more – have flooded, changed, our lives. For many, they’re almost attached to the hand. Constant, engrossing, increasingly powerful companions. This hour On Point: What’s the next great evolution of the smartphone? And how are smartphones changing us? The way we live?” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow under the play button and select “Save Link as” from the pop-up menu.

Smell 30 mins – “In the second instalment of Brain waves, Dr Kevin Fong and Nathalie Nahai explore what it’s like to live without smell. Plus, can a multisensory chef help anosmiac Lucy Mangan appreciate the joy of food? This week, Dr Kevin Fong and Nathalie Nahai explore what it’s like to live without one of the five senses: smell. Molecular gastronomist Jozef Youssef is challenged to prepare a taste test for Guardian journalist Lucy Mangan; she was born without the sense of smell and says she regards food more as “fuel” – can he make dining fun for her? As we unpick the connections between the brain and senses, we hear from the University of London’s Professor Barry Smith, Nobel prize winner Professor Edvard Moser from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Duncan Boak, founder of the smell and taste disorder charity Fifth Sense, and psychologist Dr Ilona Croy from the University of Gothenberg. Along the way, we’ll also discover how rats in a maze have added some scientific backing to Marcel Proust’s famous thoughts on memory, find out the impact of losing your sense of smell later in life, and learn how important the olfactory senses are to human attraction. Thanks to Food at 52.” At the link right-click “Download MP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Social Impact Organizations 15 mins – “Current Cambridge MBAs Priya Shah and Kia Kavoosi share what they learned on a day-long visit to five organisations who approach social impact from very different angles. An interview with Conrad Chua, Head of Marketing and Admissions for the Cambridge MBA.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow at the end of the sound bar and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Stasi Police Techniques 17 mins – “During life in communist East Germany, the Stasi secret police were everywhere. It meant neighbours spied on each other and no one really knew who was who. For filmmaker Petra Epperlein, that included her father. Her documentary explores Karl Marx City.” At the link find the title, “Documentary explores legacy of East Germany’s Stasi secret police, Sept, 2016,” right-click “Media files current_20160909_34589.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Statins 18 mins – “Rory Collins discusses his Review of the evidence from randomised studies concerning the efficacy and safety of statins.” At the link find the title, “Statins reviewed: The Lancet: September 8, 2016,” right-click “Media files 08sept-statins.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Terrorism Years 47 mins – “Fifteen years after the attacks of 9/11, we’ll sit down with Lawrence Wright, author of “The Terror Threat” to take stock of where we’ve come, where we are in the age of terrorism.This Sunday marks the 15th anniversary of the terror attacks of September 11, 2001. Fifteen years. A rising generation of young people has never known a world without that terror threat. The dull, sometimes keen, sense that terrible things could happen nearby in a hurry. What has it made of us? Pulitzer Prize-winning author Lawrence Wright has been watching, reporting. This hour On Point: Lawrence Wright on where we’ve come in what he calls “The Terror Years.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow under the play button and select “Save Link as” from the pop-up menu.

Theranos Story 19 mins – “Wall Street Journal reporter John Carreyrou tells ProPublica’s Charles Ornstein about the fallout from his report that a blood-testing company’s hype outpaced its actual science.” At the link click “Download,” select “Save File,” and click “OK” from the pop-up menu.

Twin Towers Falling Man 36 mins – “Do you remember this photograph? In the United States, people have taken pains to banish it from the record of September 11, 2001. The story behind it, though, and the search for the man pictured in it, are our most intimate connection to the horror of that day….” At the link find the title, “The Falling Man, by Tom Junod, Do you remember this photograph? Sept, 2016,” right-click “Media files 01-Falling-Man-by-Tom-Junod.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Vietnam War  63 mins – “Doug Bradley and Craig Werner talk about their new book “We Gotta Get Out of This Place,” which explores how and why U.S. troops turned to music as a way of coping with the complexities of the war. Through personal stories from Vietnam veterans, the book demonstrates how music was important for veterans of all races, gender and military rank.” At the link find the title, “The Soundtrack of the Vietnam War, Aug, 2016,” right-click “Media files IM_20160827.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Virginia from Canada 20 mins – “Follow The Current’s Anna Maria on the road to Virginia’s Blue Ridge Mountains as she meets voters and asks them which U.S. president candidate should occupy the White House.” At the link find the title, “Travel Virginia’s Crooked Road to hear what average Americans think of the U.S. election, Sept, 2016,” right-click “Media files current_20160906_46878.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Virginia Tech Massacre P1 7 mins – “On the morning of April 16, 2007, a gunman worked his way through the Virginia Tech campus, claiming the lives of 32 people and wounding 17 others before turning a gun on himself. It remains the deadliest shooting rampage in U.S. history. In preparation for our upcoming two-part season finale, the Campus crew visits the university town of Blacksburg, Virginia. We’ll bring you the haunting first-person stories of two students who were shot in the Virginia Tech massacre. This is a preview of what’s to come.” At the link find the title, “The Virginia Tech Massacre, Mar, 2016,” right-click “Media files 254311749-cbc-campus-the-virginia-tech-massacre.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Virginia Tech Massacre P2 30 mins – “In part one of our two-part season finale, two survivors of the 2007 Virginia Tech massacre bravely recount the emotional and disturbing events of the fateful day that transformed their lives. That morning, Kevin Sterne was in German class, and Kristina Anderson was in a nearby French class when a gunman chained the doors of Norris Hall, walked up to the second floor, and suddenly opened fire in their classrooms. Following a terrifying shooting rampage in several other classrooms, the gunman finally shot himself, ending the deadliest mass shooting in American history. Kristina lay helplessly on her classroom floor, anxiously waiting for help to arrive after being shot three times, including twice in her back. Kevin never thought he would make it out of his classroom alive after a bullet tore through his femoral artery. Both of them courageously held on in the final moments waiting to be rescued.” At the link find the title, “Season Finale: Part 1 – Darkness falls on Virginia Tech,Mar, 2016,” right-click “Media files 256379866-cbc-campus-season-finale-part-1-darkness-falls-on-virginia-tech.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Virginia Tech Massacre P3 36 mins – “Part 2 of our season finale deals with the physical and psychological aftermath of the Virginia Tech massacre. Two survivors, Kevin Sterne and Kristina Anderson, do their best to pick up the pieces and move forward with their lives, but the ghosts from that day continue to haunt them. Symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder began seeping into their psyches. Both would become consumed by a wide-range of emotions. Over time, Kristina would become so gripped with fear, a simple shower became impossible. Meanwhile, Kevin suffered with unexplainable fits of rage. His temperament would ebb and flow in waves that were never a part of his personality.” At the link find the title, Season Finale: Part 2 – Walking with the ghosts of Blacksburg, Apr, 2016,” right-click “Media files 257758298-cbc-campus-season-finale-part-2-walking-with-the-ghosts-of-blacksburg.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Watermelons 61 mins – “The dog-days of summer are a perfect match for watermelon. This podcast discusses domestication, breeding and interesting stories of where this magical fruit came from, and where it is going. Dr. Cecilia McGregor shares her knowledge of the origins of this important dessert crop, along with interesting facets of how it is used by other people around the world. She also ventures into “endless amusement” with watermelons.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Thanks for stopping by.


About virginiajim

Retired knowledge nut.
This entry was posted in Uncategorized and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.