Exercise your ears: the 88 podcasts shown below present the best ideas, information and stories from a larger group of 701 for the week, to hear while your hands and eyes are busy. Get all the files as a group for the next four months here, or double (ctrl-click) individual titles to get single podcasts and explore the source. A collection of 23,435 podcasts, listed alphabetically and grouped by topic, can be downloaded piecemeal, with files A-E at this link, and the remainder here. You’ll be limited to a 4GB maximum per download at the last place, so multiple group downloads will be needed to get all files, totaling over 150GB and may take a few hours. The first entry in the collection is a text file with just titles for quicker reference. A collection of abstracts for all the podcasts is available at this link and updated quarterly. Get the discarded material, too, using a podcast aggregator loaded with this opml file of the 496 sources. And try PodcastRE from the University of Wisconsin with over 150,000 titles. Exercise your ears and relax the rest.
Affirmative Action in Universities 47 mins -”Affirmative Action is on trial. Harvard goes to court to defend itself against charges it discriminates against Asian-American applicants. We’ll have the debate.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow under the play button and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
American Indian History 53 mins – “On Thursday in the Wall Street Journal, Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh acknowledged his sharp tone in recent hearings. This week, we examine the anger and resentment driving the #MeToo backlash. Plus, a deep dive into into our flawed narratives about Native American history, and a close look at the role problematic fantasies about indigenous people play in German culture.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Angry Women 60 mins – “New York Magazine’s Rebecca Traister traces the history of female anger and how it has fueled political movements. She’s interviewed by Brittany Cooper, Rutgers University Women’s & Gender Studies professor and author of ‘Eloquent Rage.’” At the link find the title, “After Words with Rebecca Traister, Oct, 2018,” right-click “Media files program.512577.MP3-A13.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Arianna Huffington 46 mins – “Arianna Huffington is one of the most influential and iconic women in the world. Arianna has been named to both TIME Magazine’s 100 Most Influential list and Forbes’ “The World’s 100 Most Powerful Women” list, and her Pulitzer Prize-winning blog, The Huffington Post, is read by more than 43 million people worldwide every month! She is the author of 14 books, including Arianna’s latest book Thrive, which debuted at #1 on the New York Times Bestseller List. Arianna joins this episode of Bulletproof Radio, to discuss the inspiration behind it and: The three metrics of success; Start-up company culture; Women and stress; Epigenetics, and tons more! ”At the link “Click here to download…” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Bassem Youssef 44 mins – “My grandmother used to tell a story about coming to America from Poland. How she sang God Bless America to cheer up all the grownups on the ship. She was 5 or 6 years old, traveling alone with her mom. For her, it must have been a big adventure. I can hardly imagine what it was like for her mom— my great grandmother — how bad things must have been for Jews in their home town of Bialystok for her to pick up and leave like that, without her husband, heading toward some distant cousin in the undiscovered country of Vineland, New Jersey. My guest today left Egypt as an adult for the US, also under politically grim circumstances. During the Arab Spring, as his country convulsed toward revolution, he became a leading voice of dissent. A trained surgeon, he made an unlikely transition to famous tv satirist for millions of viewers on his nightly political comedy show. Bassem risked jail, helped facilitate the toppling of a dictator who’d been in power for 30 years, and after all that change decided it was time to start a new life in America. And just yesterday I was complaining that I’m sick of New York City, but I don’t see how I could possibly leave . . . Bassem Youssef is a comedian, writer, and the smart, funny host of the podcast ReMade in America.” At the link find the title, “160. Bassem Youssef (political satirist) – Now I Have to Answer for This?, Aug, 2018,” right-click “Media files PPY5078586000.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Bay Blankets 39 mins – “The Bay Blanket. These warm blankets are as iconic as Mariah Carey’s lip-syncing, but some people believe they were used to spread smallpox and decimate entire Indigenous communities. We dive into the history of The Hudson’s Bay Company and unpack the very complicated story of the iconic striped blanket. For books and films referenced in this episode please visit our website at cbc.ca/secretlifeofcanada” At the link find the title, “S2: Bay Blanket,” right-click “Download S2: Bay Blanket” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Bloodline Issues 54 mins – “In using a genetic test to try to prove her Native ancestry, Senator Elizabeth Warren inadvertently stepped into a quagmire. This week, we examine the tensions around DNA and identity. Plus, after Jamal Khashoggi’s death, revisiting the trope of the so-called reformist Saudi royal. And, a look at what we can learn — and how we’ve tried to learn it — from twins, triplets and other multiple births.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Bone Health 58 mins -”Don’t count on vitamin D and calcium pills to keep your bones strong. Make sure you get plenty of green veggies in your diet and spend some time in the sun.For years, people were urged to take calcium supplements to avoid losing bone density. This advice was aimed particularly at menopausal and postmenopausal women because they are especially susceptible to bone fragility and fractures. All the same, calcium supplements were often recommended to all older adults. Will taking calcium pills really keep your bones strong? Seniors were also supposed to take vitamin D pills so that they could avoid going out in the sun. Sun exposure is a double-edged sword, after all: it can lead to vitamin D production, which may help keep your bones strong. On the other hand, it also increases your chance of developing skin cancer. Weighing pros and cons is difficult, so many experts prefer to sidestep the question and recommend pills instead….” At the link left-click “Buy the CD” and select “MP3 selection” from the menu to get the podcast.
Breathing for Performance 34 min – “Robert Lee is a resident fellow in Law, Science, & Technology at Stanford University, an innovation advisor at Singularity University, and an instructor with Performance Freediving. He has a JD/MBA from UC Berkeley, and a BS in Biochemistry & BA in philosophy from Yale University, and has served in a number of roles throughout Silicon Valley, including as CEO of Fly Online, and VP of Intellevate. He has authored a paper published in the Journal of Applied Physiology, is certified as a personal trainer with the American College of Sports Medicine, is a member of both the CA State Bar and US Patent Bar, and has been a guest speaker at entities such as Google, Twitter, UC Berkeley and Stanford business and law schools, as well as the 2014 Bulletproof Biohacking Conference.Robert comes on Bulletproof Radio, live from the Bulletproof Conference, to discuss the art of respiratory hacking, how to train to breathe differently, the relationship between breathing and emotion and cognitive functioning, and how to mindfulness breathing to everyday life. Enjoy the show!” At the link find the title, “Robert Lee: Breathing for Performance, Focus, & Freediving – #185, Jan, 2015,” right-click “Media files 52eec198-93c1-4b33-958e-61be7c431243.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Brexit Explained 64 mins – Brexit impact and details discussed. At the link find the title,”The Brexit Special Edition, Oct, 2018,” right-click “Media files PPY5072837524.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Bulletproof Diet 14 mins – “The Bulletproof Radio Short Report is a highly condensed show to quickly bring you the most important ways to upgrade yourself and kick ass at life. This week is all about the Bulletproof Diet and the 14 steps to know if you want a better body, a clearer mind, and upgraded over all performance. Whether you’re discovering these hacks for the first time or you want a quick refresh on what you already know, this BPR Short Report is a great way to rapidly improve performance. Enjoy!” At the link right-click “Click here to download the mp3 of Bulletproof Radio Short Report: 14 Steps to Eating Bulletproof – Podcast #146” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Cancer Immunotherapy 47 mins – “James Allison won the Nobel Prize for his landmark work on the immune system and cancer treatment. We’ll talk with him and other top researchers on where we are in the search for a cure.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow under the play button and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Cheetah Urine and Vision Research 26 mins – “Scientific American Assistant News Editor Tanya Lewis and Collections Editor Andrea Gawrylewski host a new podcast that takes a deeper look at short articles from the Advances news section of the magazine. This episode they talk about the articles Tinder for Cheetahs? Big Cats Are Attracted by Urine Smell and Blind Except for Movement: Woman’s Injury Offers Insight into How the Brain Works.” “Zoos looking to breed cheetahs in captivity face a serious matchmaking problem. But researchers may have found an unconventional solution: letting feline bachelorettes choose a mate based on the scent of his pee….” “Milena Canning can see steam rising from a coffee cup but not the cup. She can see her daughter’s ponytail swing from side to side, but she can’t see her daughter. Canning is blind, yet moving objects somehow find a way into her perception. Scientists studying her condition say it could reveal secrets about how humans process vision in general….” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow at the end of the sound bar and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Chief Justice John Roberts 67 mins – “Chief Justice Roberts Remarks at University of Minnesota Law School Chief Justice John Roberts stressed the importance of an independent judiciary at a discussion hosted by the University of Minnesota Law School. He delivered the prepared remarks ahead of a question and answer session. He was asked about topics that included the public’s perception of the Court, how it operates, and whether cameras belong in the court room.” At the link left-click “Purchase a DVD or download,” to get the option of buying the MP3 for $0.99. A copy of them MP3 can also be downloaded from the blog archive.
Childhood Obesity 75 mins – “America is losing the war against childhood obesity. This seemingly unstoppable epidemic is the single biggest health risk to our youth, and in most cases, it’s completely avoidable. Today’s guest is the world-renowned Dr. David Ludwig, a man who has dedicated his life to saving our children from this scourge with his cutting-edge research at Harvard. In this episode, Dr. Ludwig reveals the science behind why our children are most vulnerable to childhood obesity, and how a change of diet can save their lives.” At the link find the title, “Dr. David Ludwig: Food Addiction & Why Will Power is Not Enough – #272, Jan, 2016,” right-click “Media files c856d8dd-2802-4287-b598-81a3015c6979.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Childrens Books 48 mins – “Once upon a time, there was a rabbit. No…Not a rabbit. Lewis Carroll already did that… How about an Amazonian river dolphin. Ok. once upon a time there was an Amazonian river dolphin who wondered about his cousins in the wide, open ocean, free from mud and muck and strangling roots. Hey – It’s not much, but it’s a start. Think back to any story you really loved as a child. Chances are, it starts with a tiny thread like this one. After that, it’s up to the courage, imagination, and perseverance of the storyteller to write it, rewrite it, and get it out into the world, with all the perspiration that entails. My guest today, Jacob Sager Weinstein, has pulled this trick off brilliantly. He’s the author of a smart, funny, utterly charming adventure trilogy for kids, the first book of which is called HYACINTH AND THE SECRETS BENEATH. It weaves together a semi-mythical history of London with details like a giant boar who communicates by handing out elegantly printed cards appropriate to any occasion, including if the Queen of England happens to spill peanut butter on your pet electric eel. Andre C. Willis on the real meaning of hope, Michelle Thaler on the next stage in human evolution” At the link find the title, “134. Jacob Sager Weinstein (children’s author) – Imaginary Histories, Possible Futures,” right-click “Media files PPY3831743740.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Climate Change 47 mins – “Slate Money on Winners Take All, Silicon Valley’s Saudi Arabia problem, and the alarming IPCC [Intergovernmental Panel Climate Report] climate report on this week’s episode with Felix Salmon, Anna Szymanski, Emily Peck, and Anand Giridharadas. In the Slate Plus segment, Felix, Anna, Emily and Anand further discuss the people Anand talked to for his book.” At the link find the title, “The Win-Win Edition, Oct, 2018,” right-click “Media files PPY4903131081.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Climate Report 47 mins – “A new U.N. report says the targets set by the Paris climate accord aren’t enough to stop massive ecosystem change in the next 50 years. We’ll look at what can be done.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow under the play button and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Coal in West Virginia 21 mins – “Nearly two years since the 2016 Presidential Election, much of the press are still covering so-called “Trump country” using a series of simplistic narratives, blaming these states for Trump and portraying them as irrevocably scarred by the decline of the coal industry. That doesn’t mean there aren’t real problems surrounding the fossil fuel industry. Ken Ward Jr. is a reporter at West Virginia’s Charleston Gazette-Mail, where since 1991 he’s been covering the coal, chemical and natural gas industries, and their impact on communities that were promised a better future. Bob speaks with Ken about the reporting that earned him a 2018 “genius grant” from the MacArthur Foundation, and how West Virginia’s coal country is moving forward.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Congressional Violence 68 mins – “Yale University historian Joanne Freeman discusses her book, “The Field of Blood: Violence in Congress and the Road to Civil War.” At the link find the title, “Q&A with Joanne Freeman” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Conservative Corrosion 48 mins – “Conservative luminary Max Boot explains why he left the Republican Party and is urging people to vote against the modern GOP. ” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow under the play button and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Crossfit Training Expert 42 mins – “Do you own your biology or not? Crossfit Masters Champion, Amanda Allen, certainly does, but it took her a while to get there. On this episode of Bulletproof Radio Amanda talks about her 40-year journey to becoming a mega-athlete and finding her flow state in human performance. Allen talks candidly about her struggles to harness her addictive personality into something positive and what it takes to be a successful female athlete of all types including: her diet regimen, the menstruation effect, and why she has four coaches. Amanda is a true Bulletproof badass. Take a listen! Amanda Allen is the 2013 Crossfit Games Masters Champion (40-44) and an all around mega-athlete. She found Crossfit when trying to make Worlds in canoeing and after someone told her it would help supplement her abs workout! Before kicking ass at Crossfit, Amanda was a professional Triathlete and Track Cyclist with state, national and world titles in both and even tried her hand at firefighting. She is a Personal Trainer and Lifestyle Coach in Adelaide, Australia, and her dog’s name is Pep.” At the link right-click “Download’ and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Crossfit Training Expert 46 mins – “One of the 50 fittest women in the world comes on Bulletproof Radio to talk about how strong is the new skinny and how she became a major player in the CrossFit community. On this episode of Bulletproof Radio you’ll get a look inside the mind of a real CrossFit master and she’s sassy too. Alverson talks about her strict adherence to a Paleo diet, her thoughts on women and ketosis, and if she thinks it’s okay to do CrossFit while pregnant. Get the show below! Shana Alvesrson owns Crossfit East Decatur in Georgia. She is a level 1 Certified CrossFit trainer as well as a Level I CrossFit Running & Endurance Certified. Shana also trains in CrossFit Olympic lifting, movement & mobility, gymnastics, and Crossfit kids. Her passion for the gym began at 15 after discovering how nutrition and exercise elevated her mood. She has been teaching people how to exercise since 1995, and in 2007 began her CrossFit training career. Catch her kicking ass a CrossFit East Decatur and on Twitter @ShanaAlverson.” At the link “Click here to download…” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Cybersecurity Threats 33 mins – “The Department of Homeland Security’s Jeanette Manfra talks about cyber threats against the U.S. in 2018, how the U.S. is working to foil foreign efforts to interfere in the 2018 midterm elections, and emergency communications during disasters.” At the link find the title, “Communicators with Jeanette Manfra, Oct, 2018,” right-click “Media files program.512926.MP3-A13.mp3” and select ”Save Link as” from the pop-up menu.
Drag Queen RuPaul 47 mins – “RuPaul Charles, America’s most famous drag queen, was abandoned by his father as a child. He says it was an experience he couldn’t let go. RuPaul tell us it was drag that finally set him free.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow under the play button and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
E-cigarettes in Schools 25 mins – “Elijah Stewart first heard about the Juul three years ago, during his sophomore year of high school. Many of his friends had started sucking on the e-cigarette that resembles a USB flash drive. It was suddenly a lot more socially acceptable, even cool, “to Juul” than to smoke cigarettes. Stewart was an occasional cigarette smoker when he began experimenting with Juul. Very quickly, he felt he was addicted. “After about a week, you feel like you need to puff on the Juul,” he says. “To some people it is like a baby pacifier, and they freak out when it’s not near….”..At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Emergency Communications 33 mins – “Jeff Cohen, government relations director of the Association of Public-Safety Communication Officials, talks about efforts to improve communications among first responders since 9/11 attacks showed the flaws in communications systems.” At the link find the title, “Communicators with Jeff Cohen, Oct, 2018,” right-click “Media files program.512428.MP3-A13.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Fertilizer in Water (2nd Item) – “In 2016, Art Cullen wrote a series of editorials for the Storm Lake Times, a small newspaper in Iowa, uncovering the murky depths of a fight between local and state governments about water pollution. They followed the money, and discovered a fight funded by agricultural corporations, and ended up winning the Pulitzer Prize for editorial writing. Cullen’s new book is Storm Lake: A Chronicle of Change, Resilience, and Hope From a Heartland Newspaper.” At the link find the title, “Something in the Water, Oct, 2018,” right-click “Media files PPY7559650008.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
FISA Warrants P1 58 mins – “Welcome to part 1 of a 2-part deep-dive series concerning FISA! In this episode, Professors Chesney and Vladeck begin with the history and context leading up to the creation of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978, and then explain the central features of the statute and some of the key issues that arose during its first two decades. Part 2 (episode 97), which carries the story forward to the present, will post tomorrow! Oh, hey, while we have your attention: Yes, there was another two-week extension in Doe v. Mattis.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
FISA Warrants P2 73 mins – “Aaaaand we’re back! Yesterday we posted the first in a series of Deep Dive episodes on the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, covering the origins and early-evolution of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act. Today, we pick up the thread with two critical aspects of the story: the rise and (seeming) fall of “the wall” between foreign intelligence and law enforcement investigations; and the rise and fall and transformed-revival of the Terrorist Surveillance Program. But wait, there’s more…we figured out early-on in this episode that we will need much more time to cover all that we want to cover. And so this is not the deepest dive we’ll take on the FISA topic. Next week, in episode 98, we’ll dive deeper still in order to complete the transition from TSP to 702, and then to discuss an array of other topics including the bulk metadata story and, inevitably, Snowden.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
FISA Warrants P3 83 mins- “This week we’ve got the concluding episode in our trilogy of deep dives exploring the history and evolution of our foreign-intelligence collection legal architecture (see here and here for the two earlier episodes). Our focus this week? Section 702, PRISM, and Upstream: What exactly is this, what are the key points of controversy, and how has it been tweaked by statute recently? Section 215, contact chaining with bulk communications metadata, and the USA Freedom Act: Same questions (what is this, what are the points of controversy, how has it been tweaked?) And in the aftermath of it all, we explore whether we have, from 2013 to today, created a new equilibrium for surveillance law, restoring stability as had occurred previously in 1978.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Geology of Woodlawn Cemetery 33 mins – “A tour of Woodlawn Cemetery in the Bronx, N.Y., focuses on the geology of the landscape and the mausoleums.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow at the end of the sound bar and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Gun History 33 mins – “When you think of the industrial revolution what comes to mind? Steam engines probably. Lone genius inventors. Factories and coal mines, perhaps. And depending on your professional interests and political leanings, either suffering laborers in sweat shops or the Great Onward March of Civilization. Did anybody think of guns? According to my guest today Stanford historian Priya Satia, guns are inextricably bound up with industrialization and it is our long and ever-changing relationship with these tools, toys, trade goods, status symbols, and instruments of war that makes them such a persistent fact of life to this day. Priya Satia’s latest book is EMPIRE OF GUNS: the Violent Making of the Industrial Revolution.” At the link find the title, 153. Guns: The Genie and the Bottle – Priya Satia (Historian), Jun, 2018,” right-click “Media files PPY5660791796.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Hillary Clinton 30 mins – “Former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton participated in the Atlantic Festival at Sidney Harman Hall Theater. She discussed the sexual assault allegations against Supreme Court nominee Judge Brett Kavanaugh, the Trump administration, and Russian interference in the 2016 elections. Jeffrey Goldberg moderated the conversation.” At the link left-click “Purchase a DVD or download,” to get the option of buying the MP3 for $0.99. A copy of them MP3 can also be downloaded from the blog archive.
Historic Trends 72 mins – “Since 2008, Big Think has been sharing big ideas from creative and curious minds. Since 2015, the Think Again podcast has been taking us out of our comfort zone, surprising our guests and Jason Gots, your host, with unexpected conversation starters from Big Think’s interview archives. Today’s guest Peter Frankopan is a historian at Oxford University, where he is Director of the Oxford Centre for Byzantine Research. He works on the history of the Mediterranean, Russia, the Middle East, Persia, Central Asia and beyond, and on relations between Christianity and Islam. Peter’s new book The Silk Roads: A New History of the World, is an international bestseller, described by William Dalrymple as a ‘historical epic of dazzling range, ambition and achievement’. At an anxious moment in Western history, Frankopan encourages us to take a historical perspective, understanding how change happens in societies and how people typically react to it. This conversation unpacks the fascinating and dense history of the Silk Road countries and digs deep into the economic and social forces that shape our lives.” At the link find the title, “110. Peter Frankopan (historian) – You Can’t Stop the Clock, Aug, 2017,” right-click “Media files PP4346682845.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
HIV Infection Intro 44 mins – “Dr. Anupama Raghuram presents the “Basics of HIV Infection” by first discussing the epidemiology, pathogenesis and transmission of HIV infection. After, she presents the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of HIV infection.” At the link right-click “Download Episode” and select “save Link as from the pop-up menu.
Hypertension 52 mins – “Dr. Nina Vasavada presents Hypertension by first discussing a general approach to ambulatory patients with elevated blood pressure. She then presents primary versus secondary hypertension, and ends her discussion on hypertension management in special populations.” At the link right-click “Download Episode” and select “save Link as from the pop-up menu.
Immigration History in U.S. 54 mins – “Around three quarters of a million people applied to be American Citizens in 2017. But what does citizenship actually mean? The way Americans have defined citizenship has changed over time and many have found their citizenship challenged, undermined, resisted and even revoked. On this episode of BackStory, Brian, Nathan and Joanne discover the path to citizenship has never been easy.” At the link find the title, “To be a Citizen? The History of Becoming American, Oct, 2018,” right-click “Media files PPY5567403600.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Impeachment Lawyer 44 mins – “Virginia Heffernan talks to CNN contributor and impeachment attorney Ross Garber about the recently unsealed Watergate “Road Map,” and what it could imply for any reports issued by Special Counsel Robert Mueller.” At the link find the title, “Return of the Repressed, Nov, 2018,” right-click “Media files SLT9496329356.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Investigative Journalism 39 mins – “In Hollywood movies diplomats always get a bad rap. I’m picturing Claude Rains as “Mr. Dryden” in Lawrence of Arabia looking, as Clyde Rains always does, somewhat reptilian as he hunches over a map of the Middle East with General Allenby, smirking secretively. Hollywood diplomats are slippery. Untrustworthy. More often than not, they turn out to be double agents. On screen, definitive action plays better than careful talk or compromise. This is true of America in general and of our politics in particular—we’re just not comfortable with ambiguity. Leave that to the French. Americans are about gettin’ things done. But the geopolitical world is complex, and allegedly getting more so every day. Meanwhile, over the last several presidencies, America has quietly been shifting its foreign policy approach from diplomacy to military muscle. With the current president, the gutting of the State Department in favor of the Pentagon is starting to look like Friday the 13th part whatever. My guest today is investigative journalist and former State Department official Ronan Farrow. He won the Pulitzer Prize for his his work in the New Yorker on the Harvey Weinstein sexual abuse scandal. His new book is War on Peace, The End of Diplomacy and The Decline of American Influence — and the title is pretty much self-explanatory.” At the link find the title, “147. Ronan Farrow (investigative journalist) — A Failure to Communicate, May, 2018,” right-click “Media files PPY1155411093.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
John Marshall 58 mins – “Joel Richard Paul, professor of law at the University of California Hastings Law School, discusses his biography of the nation’s fourth chief justice, John Marshall.” At the link find the title, Q&A with Joel Richard Paul, Oct, 2018,” right-click “Media files program.513898.MP3-A13.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Kavanaugh Review 58 mins – “Dahlia Lithwick talks with Senator Jeff Merkley of Oregon about the “deep wounds” in the senate following Justice Kavanaugh’s confirmation. And she’s joined by Vox’s Matthew Yglesias who brings his nihilism about the institution of the Supreme Court to the show.” At the link find the title, “Due Processing, Oct, 2018,” right-click “Media files PPY1897661503.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Khashoggi Death Investigation 47 mins – “Former Sen. Bob Graham can’t forget what he learned about Saudi Arabia when he co-chaired the 9/11 Commission. And with the killing of the Saudi journalist, he says it’s high time to stop coddling the kingdom.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow under the play button and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Latino Vote in U.S. 36 mins – “León Krauze talks with Roberto Suro, professor of public policy and journalism at the University of Southern California, about the much-buzzed-about Latino vote and the 2018 midterms. And John Di Domenico returns with more tweets.” At the link find the title, “Is There A Latino Vote?, Oct, 2018,” right-click “Media files PPY5892341942.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Libel Laws 46 mins – “Cries of “defamation” came from the White House following the publication of in-depth reporting on President Donald Trump and his finances by The New York Times, but this is not the first time the president has expressed criticism of the press or U.S. libel laws. Adam Liptak of The New York Times and NYU Law Professor Richard Epstein join Jeffrey Rosen to explain what libel is and how laws against libel and slander fit within the First Amendment’s protections of free speech and the free press. Liptak and Epstein also debate media objectivity today and the effect of the heated coverage of the Kavanaugh confirmation battle on the legitimacy of our democratic institutions.” At the link find the title, “Libel, the Media, and Constitutional Legitimacy, Oct, 2018,” right-click “Media files PPY4379117189.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Mercury Mission 132 mins – “On October 20, the BepiColombo started its flight to Mercury on an Ariane 5 from Kourou. I was at the launch press event at ESOC in Darmstadt to follow the launch and to record a couple of interviews. The episode consists of three major parts. The first part is an interview with Pablo Munoz about mission analysis and flight dynamics. The second part looks at the science with Joe Zender, Roberto Peron, Ajako Matsuoka and Joana Oliveira. And part three are multiple short takes with Paolo Ferri, Andreas Rudolph and Fabian Luedicke recorded in the middle of the night at ESOC.” At the link right-click “Download MP3 File Directly,” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Minority Gun Ownership 47 mins -”African-Americans and gun ownership. In his new memoir, RJ Young writes about what he calls a “literal arms race … ramped up by racialized fear.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow under the play button and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Money History 53 mins – “Ten autumns ago came two watershed moments in the history of money. In September 2008, the bankruptcy of Lehman Brothers triggered a financial meltdown from which the world has yet to fully recover. The following month, someone using the name Satoshi Nakamoto introduced BitCoin, the first cryptocurrency. Before our eyes, the very architecture of money was evolving — potentially changing the world in the process. In this hour, On the Media looks at the story of money, from its uncertain origins to its digital reinvention in the form of cryptocurrency….” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Mushroom Business 52 mins – “Jeff Chilton comes on Bulletproof Radio today to discuss medicinal mushrooms, mushroom industry flaws, understanding mushroom spores, and vitamin D in mushrooms. Enjoy the show!Jeff Chilton has been in the mushroom industry since 1973. He is a founding member of the World Society for Mushroom Biology and Mushroom Products and a member of the International Society for Mushroom Science. Jeff Chilton’s company, Nammex, was the first company to offer certified organic mushrooms to the supplement industry in the United States. Nammex extracts are used by many supplement companies and are considered high quality based on scientific analysis of the active compounds. ” At the link “Click here to download…” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Nikki Haley Resignation 46 mins – “Ambassador Nikki Haley will step down at the end of the year. We’ll look at her record at the United Nations, what’s next for her and who’s next to represent America at the U.N.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow under the play button and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Nuclear Weapons Posturing 47 mins -”President Trump threatens to withdraw from a key nuclear missile treaty with Russia, and hints at another arms race with Russia and China. We go past the hot headlines to see what this really means.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow under the play button and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Opioid Abuse Treatment 58 mins – “Journalist Beth Macy reports on the opioid crisis in America in her book, [Dopesick]. She’s interviewed by Representative Gerald Connolly (D-VA).” At the link find the title, “After Words with Beth Macy, Oct, 2018,” right-click “Media files program.510761.MP3-A13.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Opioid Epidemic 46 mins – “A sister’s obituary for a young Vermont mother’s opioid addiction went viral. So did the response from the Burlington, Vermont, police chief. Also, we hear from Beth Macy, author of “Dopesick.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow under the play button and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Over Population P1 36 mins – “Today, we’re talking about population. How it went from being on the front pages of our newspapers and all over late night television to being the issue that you’ll only hear from out of the mouth of comic book super-villain Thanos. It’s a big story, so we’re spending two episodes on it.” At the link find the title, “So Over Population [Part 1], Oct, 2018,” right-click “Media files PPY2081489757.mp3” and select “Save link As” from the pop-up menu.
Over Population P2 37 mins – “Today the second in our two-part series on the politics of population. In this episode, we’re digging into the story of how around the turn of the millennium, population got all tangled up in immigration in one vote at the Sierra Club. That ugly fight represents a pivot point for the movement: a transition from the environmental politics of the 70s and 80s to the environmental politics of today.” At the link find the title, “So Over Population [Part 2], Oct, 2018,” right-click “Media files PPY2889363501.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Oxygen Needs 32 mins – “As the accompanying editorial to this article says, “oxygen has long been a friend of the medical profession Even old friendships require reappraisal in the light of new information.” And that’s what a new rapid reccomendation – Oxygen therapy for acutely ill medical patients – does. To discuss we’re joined by two of the authors, Reed Simieniuk, general internist at McMaster University and Gordon Guyatt, distinguished professor at McMaster University.” At the link find the title, “How much oxygen is too much oxygen?, Nov, 2018,” right-click “Media files 523304850-bmjgroup-how-much-oxygen-is-too-much-oxygen.mp3” and select “Save link as” from the pop-up menu.
Pete Souza Photographer 41 mins – “Pete Souza has taken photographs for National Geographic, Life magazine, and other dream outlets for any journalist. He’s covered wars, and he shot covers for magazines, including Newsweek and Fortune. During the Obama years, he was the chief official White House photographer. His book, Obama, An Intimate Portrait, was an instant #1 New York Times bestseller. In 2017 Pete Souza started posting images from the Obama presidency on Instagram with captions that indirectly comment on the current occupant of the White House. He now has over two million Instagram followers and he’s just published a new book titled: Shade: A Tale of Two Presidents. Debbie talks with Pete Souza about his years as the Obama administration official photographer. “I acknowledge that I’m not the greatest photographer in the world, but I think that I was absolutely the best photographer for this particular situation.” At the link find the title, “Pete Souza, Oct, 2018,” right-click “Media files Pete-Souza.mp3” and select “Save Link As from the pop-up menu.
Placebo Research 29 mins – “Ted Kaptchuk, professor of medicine at Harvard Medical school – and leading placebo researcher, has just published an analysis on bmj.com describing the effect of open label placebo – placebos that patient’s know are placebos, but still seem to have some clinical effect. Ted joins us to speculate about what’s going on in the body, what this means for designing a more effective placebo, and asking whether it’s time to start honestly prescribing placebos in the clinic. Read his full analysis: www.bmj.com/content/363/bmj.k3889” At the link find the title, “The counter intuitive effect of open label placebo, Oct, 2018,” right-click “Media files 510340968-bmjgroup-the-counter-intuitive-effect-of-open-label-placebo.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Political Climate 49 mins – “Gina Loudon, Fox News guest analyst and member of the Trump 2020 Campaign Media Advisory Board, offers her analysis of the current political climate. She’s interviewed by Representative Louie Gohmert (R-TX).” At the link find the title, “After Words with Gina Loudon, Oct, 2018,” right-click “Media files program.511930.MP3-A13.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Pregnancy Discrimination 47 mins – “Harrowing stories of discrimination against pregnant women in the workplace. It’s rampant and in some cases, can lead to miscarriage. We’ll take a deep dive into The New York Times investigation.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow under the play button and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Prescription Price Disclosure 47 mins – “The Trump Administration wants pharma companies to list drug prices on ads for all prescriptions paid for by Medicare and Medicaid. Could it drive down costs?” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow under the play button and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
President George W Bush 58 mins – “James Mann talks about his biography of President George W. Bush.” At the linkf ind the title, “Q&A with James Mann, Oct, 2018,” right-click “Media files program.511041.MP3-A13.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Problem Solving 58 mins – “If you want to solve BIG problems, spend LESS time on them. That’s the concept behind Sprint, an innovative problem-solving technique developed by Jake Knapp that has taken Silicon Valley by storm. In this episode of Bulletproof Radio, Jake reveals how “Sprint” has helped companies like Slack, Nest & 23andMe achieve success with less time and resources than a typical startup. If you have a big opportunity, problem, or idea, and want to get the ball rolling, TODAY, this episode is for you.” At the link right-click download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Resistance Starch 57 mins – “Dr. Grace Liu is renowned for the information she publishes on the blog, Animal Pharm, under the name “Dr. BG”. She is a Food and Nutritional Scientist and Functional Medicine Practitioner with a doctorate in Pharmacology, and one of the most knowledgeable people on the hot button topics of resistant starch (RS) and its effects on the health of the gut microbiome. She uses her expertise in the pharmaceutical world to explore the various scientific, nutritional, and pharmacological ins and outs of optimal health. Dr. Grace Liu comes on Bulletproof Radio to discuss the difference between resistant starch and regular starch, how resistant starch works in the body, how to prioritize the different testing methods for determining gut health, and the things you can do to start fixing your gut immediately. There is tons of in-depth information in this episode. Check out all of the resource links below. Enjoy the show!”At the link “Click here to download…” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Rock Climbing El Capitan 47 mins – “No ropes. No carabiners. No cams. Nothing but his hands and feet. We’ll talk with rock climbing superstar Alex Honnold about his record breaking 3,000-foot, free-solo climb of Yosemite’s El Capitan.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow under the play button and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Sears Bankruptcy 47 mins – “Sears once changed the American marketplace. Now, it’s filed for bankruptcy. We’ll look at the retail industry’s latest disruption.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow under the play button and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Sears Catalog and Jim Crow 18 mins – “Another chapter in the history of American consumerism came to a close this week when the retail giant Sears announced it was filing for bankruptcy and closing 142 of its unprofitable stores. As experts sifted through the details about what doomed Sears, we found ourselves reading a Twitter thread about a little-known bit of shopping history. Louis Hyman is an economic historian and professor at Cornell University’s School of Industrial and Labor Relations. He tweeted: “In my history of consumption class, I teach about Sears, but what most people don’t know is just how radical the catalogue was in the era of Jim Crow.” In this week’s podcast extra, Hyman talks to Brooke about what we can learn from the way Sears upended Jim Crow power dynamics, and what lessons it offers about capitalism more broadly. His latest book is Temp: How American Work, American Business, and the American Dream Became Temporary.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Sears Discussion 41 mins – “Slate Money on the death of Sears, the Robinhood high frequency trading scandal, and the retreat of the Financial Stability Oversight Council on this week’s episode with Felix Salmon, Anna Szymanski, and Emily Peck. In the Slate Plus segment, Felix, Anna, and Emily discuss the plethora of bad Facebook PR.” At the link find the title, “The Prudential Managers Edition, Oct, 2018,” right-click “Media files PPY3350195426.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Silicon Valley Work Conditions 47 mins – “Writer Dan Lyons says Silicon Valley values are spreading us across the country and have made a lot of folks unhappy and stressed at work. He writes about it in his book “Lab Rats.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow under the play button and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Stoicism P1 60 mins – “What does Stoicism look like in practice, in both ancient and modern contexts? You might think that eschewing the shallow, out-of-our-control trappings of fame and wealth in favor of personal cultivation would make one unambitious, but Ryan uses Marcus as a prime example of how to be a Stoic while trying to accomplish great things. Unlike his key influence Epictetus, Marcus did not need Stoicism to exert his freedom while being a slave, though arguably Marcus’s position as Roman emperor (which he did not choose) placed burdens on him akin to slavery. Marcus’s concern was to keep his cool and not let his power corrupt him while enacting his duties, and he wrote the Meditations as a philosophical journal for his own benefit, though he usually wrote with care, using his best literary chops. Very little in the Meditations is (or claimed to be) original, so the value of the text is in its providing an exemplar on how to live the Stoic tradition, which is very inspirational to modern Stoics like Ryan. Mark, Seth, Wes, and Dylan all engage Ryan in a very contemporary debate: Given what we’ve learned about psychology over the last 2000 years, does this method of basically repeating wise sayings to yourself over and over actually hold up? Is it desirable or possible to essentially overwrite our instincts with Stoic ideas about proper mental comportment? Marcus has specific ideas about nature and our place within it that would seem very archaic to most of us; does that undermine his viability as a model? Many modern Stoics advocate a pick-and-choose philosophy that tends to ignore issues like the metaphysical grounding for Stoicism, in favor of merely figuring out what works for you. Whereas Marcus took our duty and purpose as a given, and our job as to function properly in that role, Ryan offers more of an “existential Stoicism,” where you choose or figure out what you want to make of your life, and then use Stoicism to do that as effectively as possible. This is our third try to get a handle on Stoicism; listeners may find it valuable to start with our earlier episodes on Epictetus and then Seneca.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Stoicism P2 60 mins – “We talk Stoicism as “pre-mourning,” love of fate even with trauma, are Stoics committed to a divine plan, Stoic political ethics, ethical models for emulation, and the idea of overwriting your brain with the Stoic operating system.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Student Loan Crisis 13 mins – “Can anyone afford college anymore? Would it help if we sold stock in students? Would Young Einstein have been a popular commodity? In this week’s episode of Big Think’s Think Again podcast, host Jason Gots and sometime co-host Eric Sanders are joined byBrian Greene, theoretical physicist, director of the World Science Festival, and author of The Elegant Universe. An interview clip from economist Daniel Altman launches a discussion of why we bother to learn anything in the first place.” At the link find the title, “6. Brian Greene (Theoretical Physicist) – Student for Sale, Jul, 2015,” right-click “Media files PP3798450475.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu
Supreme Court Legitimacy 58 mins – “In the aftermath of Justice Brett Kavanaugh’s confirmation, debates about the Supreme Court’s legitimacy remain in the public spotlight. Some believe that the Kavanaugh confirmation caused a legitimacy crisis that can only be solved by reform proposals such as court packing and term limits for justices, while others believe the Court has maintained its legitimacy and is still a neutral arbiter of the law. Is the Supreme Court really having a legitimacy crisis? Host Jeffrey Rosen discusses that question and the future of the Court with two constitutional scholars from opposing sides of the Kavanaugh debate – Professor Jennifer Mascott, who testified on Justice Kavanaugh’s behalf at his confirmation hearings, and Professor Melissa Murray, who testified against his nomination.” At the link find the title, “Is There a Supreme Court Legitimacy Crisis?, Oct, 2018,” right-click “Media files PPY4589128798.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Tenement Museum 58 mins – “To mark the 30th Anniversary of the Tenement Museum, co-founder Ruth Abram told the story of the building at 97 Orchard Street in New York’s Lower East Side. She described how the museum has grown and developed, and how they use the stories of 19th and 20th century immigrants who lived at Orchard street to bring history to life for visitors.. Ruth Abram was interviewed by Tenement Museum president Kevin Jennings.” At the link left-click “Purchase a DVD or download,” to get the option of buying the MP3 for $0.99. A copy of them MP3 can also be downloaded from the blog archive.
Trade Negotiations 44 mins – “The World Trade Organization is the referee for 164 trading partners, each with their own political and economic agendas. Lately, those agendas have gotten more complicated — especially with President Trump’s tariff blitz. Roberto Azevêdo, head of the W.T.O., tells us why it’s so hard to balance protectionism and globalism; what’s really behind the loss of jobs; and what he’d say to Trump (if he ever gets the chance).” At the ink find the title, “352. Can This Man Stop a Trade War?, Oct, 2018,” right-click “Media files d021e4bd-9d17-4abd-9105-f677e85a333f.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Tucker Carlson Interview 58 mins – “Fox News host Tucker Carlson discusses his book, [Ship of Fools: How a Selfish Ruling Class Is Bringing America to the Brink of Revolution].” At the link find the title, “Q&A with Tucker Carlson, Oct, 2018,” right-click “Media files program.512583.MP3-A13.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
U.S. and Saudia Arabia 47 mins – “President Trump vows severe punishment and sends Secretary of State Mike Pompeo to meet with Saudi Arabia’s King Salman as the rift grows over the disappearance of journalist Jamal Khashoggi.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow under the play button and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
U.S. Foreign Policy 47 mins – “When it comes to U.S. foreign policy failures, Stephen Walt says it all traces back to what he calls a “liberal hegemony” and the idea that the U.S. can spread democracy without accountability. In his new book “The Hell of Good Intentions,” Walt argues that it’s time for a more restrained approach.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow under the play button and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Vagal Nerve Impact 60 mins – “Stephen Porges comes to Bulletproof Radio to share his pioneering research on the vagus nerve, how the cues it receives play a major role in stress, social behavior and the nervous system and some tips on how to improve its response. Enjoy the show!Dr. Porges is a Distinguished University Scientist at Indiana University where he directs the Trauma Research Center in the Kinsey Institute. He is Professor of Psychiatry at the University of North Carolina, Professor Emeritus at the University of Illinois at Chicago, where he directed the Brain-Body Center in the Department of Psychiatry and Professor Emeritus at the University of Maryland, where he chaired the Department of Human Development and directed the Institute for Child Study. In 1994 he proposed the Polyvagal Theory, a theory that links the evolution of the mammalian autonomic nervous system to social behavior and emphasizes the importance of physiological state in the expression of behavioral problems and psychiatric disorders.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Voting Rights 46 mins – “Some lawmakers seek to prevent many people from voting ahead of this fall’s midterms. Those efforts don’t show up in polls, but could affect the results. Guests Wendy Weiser, director of the Democracy Program at the Brennan Center for Justice at NYU School of Law. She founded the program’s Voting Rights and Elections Project. (@WendyRWeiser) Dale Ho, director of the ACLU’s Voting Rights Project. (@dale_e_ho) John Merrill, Alabama secretary of state. (@JohnHMerrill)” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow under the play button and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Voting Rights 48 mins – “As Americans prepare to head to the polls next week, We the People partnered with Ballotpedia for a rundown of the election law and voting rights issues most relevant to the 2018 midterms. Ballotpedia’s News Editor Sarah Rosier joins election law scholars Franita Tolson and Michael Morley to break down all sides of the legal arguments surrounding voter ID laws, gerrymandering, “signature matching,” the purging of voter rolls, and felon disenfranchisement. Jeffrey Rosen hosts.” At the link find the title, “Voting Rights, Election Law, and the Midterms, Nov, 2018,” right-click “Media files PPY5572273986.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Voting Security 27 mins – “Cybersecurity analyst and reporter Kim Zetter discusses voting machines and election security ahead of the November midterm elections.” At the link find the title, “Communicators with Kim Zetter, Oct, 2018,” right-click “Media files program.514434.MP3-A13.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Whales and Whaling P1 44 mins – “Whale deaths are defying yearly averages on the East Coast according to the New England Aquarium, once again increasing concerns about our conservation responsibilities and the continued recovery of the species after nearly two centuries of whaling. Americans romanticized whaling through books like “Moby Dick,” even though whale hunting nearly led to the extinction of the sperm whale. On this episode, Brian, Nathan and Joanne explore how Native American whalers faced stereotypes within the industry, how whaling went from boom to bust, and learn how a real white whale named Mocha Dick became the inspiration for Herman Melville’s novel.” At the link find the title, “Thar She Blows: The History of Whales and America, Oct, 2018,” right-click “Media files PPY2276567428.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Whales and Whaling P2 63 mins – “BackStory shoots up from the depths and spouts another great episode exploring the extraordinary tale of whales and whaling in America. Brian, Nathan, Joanne and Ed uncover the story of Cabin Boys who were women in disguise, find out why a decomposing whale was turned away from a Midwestern Town, and learn all about the Black whaler and entrepreneur who became one of the wealthiest men in America.” At the link find the title, “Thar She Blows Again: The History of Whales and America (Part 2), Oct, 2018,” right-click “Media files PPY8541551206.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
World War One 49 mins – “On November 11, 1918, Germany formally surrendered to the Allied Powers, about 19 months after the United States entered the conflict. On this episode, Brian and Nathan reflect on how, 100 years later, “the war to end all wars” is still with Americans.” At the link find the title, “The War to End All Wars: Remembering WWI, Oct, 2018,” right-click “Media files PPY4399414801.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Yemen War Discussion 33 mins – “On The Gist, should we continue to trust Facebook with our data? Saudi Arabia’s disastrous war with rebel tribes in Yemen is 3½ years deep, as is America’s support for it. Michael Knights, senior fellow at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy, details the kingdom’s goals: stopping the missile attacks sailing in from Yemen, restoring the country’s ousted leaders, and countering the rebels’ biggest ally, Iran. In the Spiel, the disappearance of abortion providers, the rise of crisis pregnancy centers, and what Google can do about it.” At the link find the title, “And What About Yemen?, Oct, 2018,” right-click “Media files PPY4212356670.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.
Yoga Uses 58 mins – “Yoga has become extremely popular over the last few decades. You have probably seen photographs of fit-looking young people in stretchy clothing and improbable poses and wondered why they are so enthusiastic about this practice. However, yoga is not about extreme poses or looking good. Practicing yoga is a path to good health. What exactly are the health benefits of yoga?…” At the link left-click “Download the free mp3” and select “MP3” from the menu to get the podcast.
Thanks for stopping by.