Mining Digest 370 – Dec 21, 2018: 3D Printing Myths, ADHD Treatment, Adverse Drug Reactions, Age Extension, AI Economics, American Indian History, Black Cyberculture, Blockchain Background, Breast Cancer Screening, Child Migrants, Chinese Spy Chips, Cool Tools, Criminal Justice Reporter, Data Privacy Discussion, Digital News Impact, Donald Knuth Interview, Dr Gilmer Murder Story, Driverless Car Revolution, Employment Agency Business, Federal Reserve Operations, Fitbit Solves Murder, Free Climbing in Yosemite, Fugitive Slave Act, GM Layoffs, Hackers Author, Heart Valve Replacement, Inflation Control, Insulin Therapy, Internet Women, Limbs International, Malaria and Churches, Medical Scientist Training Program, Migraine Treatment, Minorities in England, Nazis in America, Pain Management, Pakistani Prime Minister, Privacy Regulation, Psychedelic Therapy, Qatar Prime Minister, Raiders of the Lost Ark, Silicon Valley History, Social Media Impact, Stadium Food, Stitch Fix Business, Stress Management, Technology and Human Rights, This Is Our Lane, Thomas Jefferson Contradictions, Tooth Decay Prevention, Trade War with China, Vaccine Research, Venezuela Exodus, White Nationalism, Whole Foods Founder, Women’s Social Status, Workplace Discrimination, Xerox PARC Co-founder, Yemen Humanitarian Crises

Exercise your ears: the 96 podcasts shown below present the best ideas, information and stories from a larger group of 704 for the week, to hear while your hands and eyes are busy. Get all the files as a group for the next four months here, or double (ctrl-click) individual titles to get single podcasts and explore the source. A collection of 23,525 podcasts, listed alphabetically and grouped by topic, can be downloaded piecemeal, with files A-E at this link, and the remainder here. You’ll be limited to a 4GB maximum per download at the last place, so multiple group downloads will be needed to get all files, totaling over 150GB and may take a few hours. The first entry in the collection is a text file with just titles for quicker reference. A collection of abstracts for all the podcasts is available at this link and updated quarterly. Get the discarded material, too, using a podcast aggregator loaded with this opml file of the 496 sources. And try PodcastRE from the University of Wisconsin with over 150,000 titles. Exercise your ears and relax the rest.

3D Printing Insider Viewpoint 45 mins – “We had a listener communicate with us over Facebook recently and leave what was the longest comment we’ve ever had to a post. It wasn’t just the longest, it was the most detailed and informational I’ve ever read on Facebook. This was in response to our recent episode sometime last month about 3D printed surface textures. Her name is Jen Davis-Wilson, who we actually realized we have a lot in common with once we talked to her. Our paths have crossed maybe in the late ‘90s and early 2000s, somewhere in there. She used to work for IDEO. We did this episode on 3D printed surface textures. She is a mechanical engineer who is a big SOLIDWORKS user. While we’ve certainly reviewed SOLIDWORKS CAD software among many others, we don’t have the in-depth experience that a real user does who uses it day in and day out and has way more than 10,000 hours on it. She’s been using it since mid 2000s. For the benefit of our audience, you may not have seen it yet because it’s only in this Facebook thread, but we’re actually putting her comment also in the bottom of the blog post for that WTFFF episode on 3D printed surface textures….The interview, you’re really going to enjoy it I because there is a part of it where she talks about the early stages of rapid prototyping before desktop came out. You really get an insider’s view of it and then she uses desktop 3D printing now in her independent practice. You really get a good perspective and picture on this. Let’s hear from Jen Davis-Wilson of Davis Wilson Consulting.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow at the sound bar and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

3D Printing Myths 23 mins – “We’ve seen 3D printers showing up in more dramatic TV series like Grey’s Anatomy in a recent season and among a lot of other TV shows. The general public has this perception that 3D printing is easy, but that’s just not the reality of it. It’s no surprise that the general public does not understand the amount of time, effort, and work it takes to go and make anything on a 3D printer that is a complete usable item or product design. Unless you do it yourself and you’ve studied it, you’ve been taught it, or you bought your own 3D printer and started learning CAD software on your own the hard way just to explore it, you’re not going to know that it’s going to take hours and hours. Tom debunks some of the 3D printing myths to help illuminate the eyes of the general public about the realities of 3D printing.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow at the sound bar and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

ADHD Treatment 49 mins – “This week, we speak with Dr. James Lewis. Dr. Lewis’ clinical and research interest focuses on the treatment and prevention of school problems, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and behavior and learning problems. Dr. Lewis is Board Certified by the American Board of Pediatrics, with a subspecialty certification in Neurodevelopmental Disabilities. Dr. Lewis’ new book, Making Sense of ADHD: Overcoming The Unique Conditions and The Complexity of Coexisting Conditions will be released in November.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu

Adverse Drug Reactions 32 mins – “Clinical trials for regulatory approval are designed to test efficacy, but new drugs might have adverse reactions – reactions those trials aren’t designed to spot. To talk about those adverse reactions – how to spot them, how to report them and what to do about them, we’re joined by Robin Ferner, from the West Midlands Centre for Adverse Drug Reactions.” At the link find the title, “Adverse drug reactions, Nov 2018,” right-click “Play Now” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Age Extension (first item) 15 mins – “This week: A new study attempts to extend the life of worms and what it might mean for us; and a detailed look into the recent failed Soyuz rocket launch.” At the linkfind the title, “ Up To Date; Doubling worm lifespans; the recent failed Soyuz launch,” right-click “Play Now” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

AI Economics 57 mins – “Joshua Gans is the author of Prediction Machines: The Simple Economics of Artificial Intelligence. He talks with Megan Morrone about how Artificial Intelligence is changing our economy.” At the link left-click “Download Options,” right-click “Audio” and select “Safe Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Airbnb Founder 17 mins – “Next in our series of episodes from the How I Built This Summit: Joe Gebbia, co-founder of Airbnb. Joe sat down with Guy Raz in front of a live audience in San Francisco, and talked about why he and his co-founders pursued their idea despite overwhelming feedback that it would never work.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

American Indian History 63 mins – “Growing up in Mankato, Minnesota, John Biewen says, nobody ever talked about the most important historical event ever to happen there: in 1862, it was the site of the largest mass execution in U.S. history. Thirty-eight Dakota Indians were hanged after a war with white settlers. John went back to Minnesota to figure out what really happened 150 years ago, and why Minnesotans didn’t talk about it much after.” At the link right-click the “Download” arrow and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Black Cyberculture 60 mins – “Technology is the American mythos (Dinerstein 2006); a belief system powering the relations between—and politics of—culture and technology. In the Western context, technoculture incorporates Whiteness, White racial ideology, and modernist technological beliefs. This presentation is a critical intervention for internet research and science and technology studies (STS), reorienting “race-as-technology” (Chun 2009) to incorporate Blackness as technological subjects rather than as “things.” Utilizing critical technocultural discourse analysis (Brock 2018), Afro-optimism, and libidinal economic theory, this presentation employs Black Twitter as an exemplar of Black cyberculture: digital practice and artifacts informed by a Black aesthetic.” At the link find the title, ““My Constellation is Space”: Towards a Theory of Black Cyberculture,” right-click “Play Now” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Blockchain Background 111 mins – “Aaron Wright joins Denise Howell and Stefan Szpajda to talk all about Blockchain, ICOs, SAFT, Bill Hinman’s June speech, smart contracts, OpenLaw, machine-machine transactions, Ethereum, CryptoKitties, Poketoshi, Satoshi’s Place, Augur, Ke Xu’s Ono, and more!” At the link left-click “Download Options,” then right-click “Audio” and select”Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Breast Cancer Screening 57 mins – “About one in eight women will develop invasive breast cancer. Dr. Mindy Goldman, Director of the Women’s Cancer Care Program at UCSF, specializes in women’s health care and gynecology issues for breast cancer patients and those at risk for cancer. She presents a clinician’s perspective on screening and prevention of this all-too-common disease. Recorded on 02/24/2015. (#29275)” At the link right-click “Audio MP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Cancer Immunology 49 mins – “‘The Beautiful Cure’ Reveals The ‘Profound’ Power Of The Immune System” At the link left-click the down-pointing arrow and select “Save File” and “OK” to get the podcast.

Caregivers 29 mins – “Until recently, The BMJ had a campaign of patient partnership – now we have a patient and public partnership campaign. The reason for that change is that medicine has an effect beyond the individual being treated – and this podcast interview is a very good example of that. Anya De Iong, patient editor for The BMJ, talks to Christine Morgan – independent chair of the Greater Manchester Carers Strategic Group. Christine has a mission to bring the needs of carers into thinking and planning about the NHS – and explains how the needs of patients and carers may be similar, and different.” At the link find the title, “Carers need a voice in the NHS, Nov 2018,” right-click “Play Now” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-menu.

Child Migrants 122 mins – “The Migration Policy Institute Europe and Ghent University held a discussion on vital new research into the experiences of young refugees and migrants who have traveled across Europe unaccompanied by their families. In a discussion led by MPI Europe Acting Director Hanne Beirens, Ghent University Professor and ChildMove Project Lead Ilse Derluyn presented the early results of ChildMove, a project funded by the European Research Council, before engaging in a conversation on the implications with Isabela Atanasiu, Legal Officer at the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Migration and Home Affairs; Valeria Setti, European Commission Coordinator for the Rights of the Child; European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE) Secretary General Catherine Woollard; and David Lowyck, Director of Minor-Ndako. Despite images of children in peril becoming a staple of the media during the migration crisis of 2015 and 2016, there is relatively little understanding of how these journeys affect their mental wellbeing. Without detailed research, policymakers face an uphill task to cater for the needs of such young people. The ChildMove project is a unique attempt to fill this gap. The team is following young refugees and migrants as they travel from Libya and Turkey to Europe and beyond, allowing them to describe in their own words what it means to be on the move.” At the link right-click “Download(Loading)” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.  

Chinese Spy Chip 12 mins – “A Bloomberg Businessweek story broke alleging that Supermico motherboards were hacked with Chinese spy chips and that those infected boards made their way into Apple and Amazon products among many others. Iain Thomson from the Register talks about the ramifications of the many denials being made by affected companies.” At the link left-click “Download Options,” then right-click “Audio” and select”Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Community and Collective Organizing 52 mins – “Playing for Team Human today is world renowned social scientist and systems thinker, Merrelyn Emery. Emery, with her partner the late Fred Emery, advanced Open Systems Theory and applied it to management of organizations and government. Open Systems Theory, or OST is the idea that autocracies make for bad governments, companies, and organizations. In this conversation, Merrelyn and Douglas discuss the power of community and collective organizing. They also discuss the social environments conducive to true grassroots, systemic change. As Merrelyn explains it, “By working together with collective responsibility, people can regain control over their own affairs, in their own communities and organizations, by cooperating to meet shared goals rather than competing or peeling off as individuals to do ‘their own thing’.” At the link find the title, “Ep. 71 Merrelyn Emery “Having a Role in Your World”, right-click “Download “ and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Computer Society Impact 67 mins – “Have forces been unleashed that are thrusting humanity down an ill-advised path, one that’s increasingly making us behave like simple machines? Brett Frischmann discusses what’s happening to our lives as society embraces big data, predictive analytics, and supposedly smart environments. He explains how the goal of designing programmable worlds goes hand in hand with engineering predictable and programmable people. Have forces been unleashed that are thrusting humanity down an ill-advised path, one that’s increasingly making us behave like simple machines? Brett Frischmann discusses what’s happening to our lives as society embraces big data, predictive analytics, and supposedly smart environments. He explains how the goal of designing programmable worlds goes hand in hand with engineering predictable and programmable people.” At the link find the title, “Re-Engineering Humanity,” right-click “Play Now” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Cool Tools 24 mins – “Our guest this week is Anne Briggs. Anne grew up on Montana and spent a lot of her young life abroad because her parents are missionaries. She majored in Chinese and Business hoping to become an international business mogul, but quickly realized that working in the tech industry wasn’t a life she wanted to live. So she started a garden and built a workshop in her spare time. One thing led to another and now she’s a farmer, woodworker, blacksmith, musician, and full-time content creator.” At the link right-click the box with three dots, then right-click “Download” to get the podcast.

Criminal Justice Reporter 47 mins – “From Convict To Criminal Justice Reporter: ‘I Was So Lucky To Come Out Of This’” At the link left-click the down-pointing arrow and select “Save File” and “OK” to get the podcast.

Cyberlaw Attorney 132 mins – “Mocking Kanye for showing his password on camera, Feds forcing people to unlock their phones with FaceID, the CFAA and the First Amendment, Fortnite profiting off of other people’s dance moves, a game company uses facial recognition to detect minors, “Do Not Track” on browsers doesn’t do anything, and more!” At the link left-click “Download Options,” then right-click “Audio” and select”Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Cybersecurity 66 mins – “Playing for Team Human today, cyber security expert Eleanor Saitta. Eleanor shares her deep knowledge on building secure and robust digital ecosystems. As Eleanor and Douglas converse on issues of privacy, encryption, and surveillance, a set of thought-provoking insights about online identity and human to human connection emerges. Does empathy scale across our cyber connections? Or is it confusion and distrust that are most apt to scale?  Conversing over a shaky and intermittent VoIP connection, the question at hand seems to materialize within the interview. Luckily Saitta and Rushkoff overcome technical hurdles and find rapport and connection in a unique conversation that ultimately asks; What is real? How do I know I am me? Is it safe?  Opening today’s episode, Douglas looks back on the life of friend, cyber culture pioneer, and co-founder of the Electronic Frontier Foundation John Perry Barlow. Rushkoff remembers Barlow and their shared optimism for cyberspace back in that hopeful moment before the commercialization and corporatization of the internet.  Team Human features intro an outro music clips thanks to Fugazi and Dischord Records. Mid-show you heard music by Episode 68 guest Stacco Troncoso  Join the team at Patreon to sustain this show in get access to live events, rewards, and access to the Team Human Slack Channel.” At the link find the title, “Ep. 73 Eleanor Saitta “Is It Safe?” right-click “Download “ and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Data Privacy Discussion 49 mins – “Giovanni Buttarelli discusses the challenges of implementing and enforcing privacy regulations, market impacts of the GDPR, and the ethical debate over protecting personal data.” At the link find the title, “Enforcing Data Privacy: A Conversation With Giovanni Buttarelli, Oct 18,” right-click “Play Now” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Devo Band 40 mins – “It’s hard to overstate just how important record album art was to music in the days before people downloaded everything. Visuals were a key part of one’s experience with a record or tape or CD. The design of the album cover created a first impression of what was to come. Album art was certainly important to reporter Sean Cole, especially one particular album by one specific band: Devo…. At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Digital Impact 73 mins – “…Rather than diminish the role of the physical body, Ghislaine’s work celebrates the body as an integral part of enhanced immersive experience. As Creative Director at body>data>space Ghislaine’s art and practice embraces technologies that amplify connection, collectivity, and togetherness. In the course of their conversation, Ghislaine and Douglas discuss the virtues of such body-positive, community-minded use of tech while simultaneously questioning how we might we explore digital immersion in a way that avoids paving the way for those who would exploit us. Thus emerges the question, in the process of embedding digital devices within our physical selves, do we risk becoming the raw materials for the next frontier of technology-driven extractive capitalism? How might we steer this ship toward team human values? Douglas begins today’s show with a monologue about the threat of technology usurping human agency.” At the link find the title, “Ep. 69 Ghislaine Boddington “Full Immersion”, right-click “Download “ and select”Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Digital News Impact 37 mins – “Former ‘Guardian’ Editor On Snowden, WikiLeaks And Remaking Journalism.” At the link left-click the down-pointing arrow and select “Save File” and “OK” to get the podcast.

Donald Knuth Interview 30 mins – “This show features a pre-recorded interview with Dr. Donald Knuth, one of the great figures in Computer Science. He is the author of the multi-volume work The Art of Computer Programming, and developed the TeX computer typesetting language, the Metafont system, and was a pioneer in the analysis of algorithms.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow on the sound bar and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Dr Gilmer Murder Story 64 mins – “Dr. Benjamin Gilmer gets a job at a rural clinic. He finds out he’s replaced someone — also named Dr. Gilmer — who went to prison after killing his own father. But the more Benjamin’s patients talk about the other Dr. Gilmer, the more confused he becomes. Everyone loved the old Dr. Gilmer. So Benjamin starts digging around, trying to understand how a good man can seemingly turn bad.” At the link right-click the “Download” arrow and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Driverless Car Revolution 35 mins – “The Revolution Will Be Driverless: Autonomous Cars Usher In Big Changes” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Employment Agency Business 48 mins – “Next up in our series of episodes from the How I Built This Summit: John Zimmer, co-founder of Lyft. John sat down with Guy Raz in front of a live audience in San Francisco last month to talk about Lyft’s visions for the future of transportation – and their fierce competition with Uber.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Facebook Dilemma 68 mins – “The promise of Facebook was to create a more open and connected world. But from the company’s failure to protect millions of users’ data, to the proliferation of “fake news” and disinformation, mounting crises have raised the question: Is Facebook more harmful than helpful? This major, two-night event investigates a series of warnings to Facebook as the company grew from Mark Zuckerberg’s Harvard dorm room to a global empire. With dozens of original interviews and rare footage, The Facebook Dilemma examines the powerful social media platform’s impact on privacy and democracy in the U.S. and around the world.” At the link find the title, “The Facebook Dilemma Part Two, Nov 2018,” right-click “MEDIA ENCLOSURE: http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/FrontlineAudiocastPbs/~5/9I1k_g2H_8g/535767069-frontlinepbs-the-facebook-dilemma-part-two.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Federal Reserve Operations 124 mins – “…Federal Reserve Vice Chair for Supervision Randal Quarles visited Brookings to deliver remarks on the current and future state of financial regulation.At the link left-click the down-pointing arrow under the sound bar, select “Save File” and “OK” to get the podcast.

Fibroid Treatment 59 mins – “About 25% of reproductive-aged women have fibroids. These non-cancerous tumors are the most common reason for hysterectomies. Drs. Jeannette Lager and Maureen Kohi explore minimally invasive approaches to treating fibroids. Recorded on 03/17/2015. (#29278)” At the link right-click “Audio MP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Fitbit Solves Murder 122 mins – “Fitbit data helps solve a murder case, Fyre Festival organizer sentenced to 6 years in prison, Nintendo vs. real life Mario Karting, a copyright Battle Royale between video game companies, Google+ will shut down after a data leak, laws to get rid of Robocallers, are patents to blame for high drug costs? And more!” At the link left-click “Download Options,” then right-click “Audio” and select”Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Fitness Business Owner 49 mins – “Sadie Lincoln and her husband, Chris, had what seemed like the perfect life – well-paying jobs, a house in the Bay Area, two kids. But one day they decided to sell everything and start a new business called Barre3: a studio exercise program that blends ballet with pilates and yoga. Today, Barre3 has more than 100 studios across the country. PLUS in our postscript “How You Built That,” we check back with Alexander Harik, who turned his mom’s recipe for fragrant Middle Eastern za’atar spread… Sadie Lincoln and her husband, Chris, had what seemed like the perfect life – well-paying jobs, a house in the Bay Area, two kids. But one day they decided to sell everything and start a new business called Barre3: a studio exercise program that blends ballet with pilates and yoga. Today, Barre3 has more than 100 studios across the country. PLUS in our postscript “How You Built That,” we check back with Alexander Harik, who turned his mom’s recipe for fragrant Middle Eastern za’atar spread…” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Free Climbing in Yosemite 49 mins – “Fresh Air Weekend: The Coen Brothers; Free Climbing Yosemite’s ‘Dawn Wall’” At the link left-click the down-pointing arrow and select “Save File” and “OK” to get the podcast.

Fugitive Slave Act (first item) 48 mins – “Author Andrew Delbanco says the 1850 law paved the way for the Civil War by endangering the lives of both escaped slaves and free black men and women in the North. His book is ‘The War Before The War.’ Also, film critic Justin Chang reviews the psychological thriller ‘Burning.’” At the link right-click “Download” and select ”Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Genetic Engineering Q and A 95 mins – “Gary Nolan works in marketing, but enjoys science podcasts, including Talking Biotech.  He also frequently blogs about politics, social trends, and science. He finds that he still wrestles with some of the concepts around genetic engineering.  This week’s podcast is dedicated to Gary and folks like him– those that want to ask their questions and get honest answers.  This week Dr. Kevin Folta answers Gary’s questions about gene editing, transgenic plants and a host of other issues.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-menu.

Glossier Business 52 mins – “In 2010, while working as a fashion assistant at Vogue, Emily Weiss started a beauty blog called Into The Gloss. She quickly attracted a following of devoted readers hooked on the blog’s intimate snapshots of style makers’ beauty routines. Within a few years, Emily realized her readers were hungry for a new beauty brand, one that listened to them directly, and understood their lives. Without any prior business experience, she won over investors and found the perfect chemist to create Glossier, a line of beauty and skincare products with a focus on simplicity. Today, just four years after launch, Glossier is valued at an estimated $400 million.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

GM Layoffs 24 mins – “The revival of American manufacturing is a key part of Trump’s economic message. Now that GM faces cuts, he’s threatened to impose import penalties, and revoke subsidies. What’s within his power? Economic policy reporter Damian Paletta explains.” At the link you can listen, but not download; however, a copy is included in the blog archive.

Hackers Author 10 mins – “Steven Levy is a legendary tech journalist and author of the seminal book Hackers. He talks about the reaction to his book and the famous Hackers Conference that followed.” At the link left-click “Download Options,” then right-click “Audio” and select ”Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Heart Valve Replacement 59 mins.”While open heart surgery is still the gold standard for valve replacement, it carries significant risk: a large surgical incision is made in the chest, and the patient’s heart is stopped while he or she is placed on a heart-lung machine during the procedure. Dr. Vaikom Mahadevan, Division of Cardiology at UCSF, explores what can be done, short of open heart surgery, to open closed coronary arteries or diseased heart valves. Recorded on 05/27/2015. (#29721)” At the link right-click “Audio MP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Hijabis 18 mins – “The surest way for a woman to declare herself a Muslim is to wear the head scarf — the hijab. In these two short pieces, young Muslim women explore the often unwelcome questions and perceptions that come with the scarf, and the deeply personal decision to wear it. Short documentaries by Reem Alfahad and Sofiya Volubuyeva.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Hiroshima Bombing 34 minsThe word “Hiroshima” may bring to mind a black-and-white image of a mushroom cloud. It’s easy to forget that it’s an actual city with a million people and a popular baseball team. How did the cataclysm of 1945 reverberate in the place where it happened?” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Inflation Control 23 mins – “Their plan was dangerous, risky, and extremely unpopular. But America copied them anyway. Today on the show: how a tiny country on the other side of the world changed how America runs its economy.” At the link find the title, “November 30, 2018 #879: The Secret Target,” left-click the down-pointing arrow, select “Save File” and “OK” to download the podcast.

Insulin Therapy P1 33 mins – “In this episode, we discuss a broad overview of insulin topics ranging from the various types of insulins, dosage forms, brand/generic names, pharmacokinetic nuances, injection technique, and a wide variety of clinical pearls.” At the link right-click “Direct download: 086-insulins_part_1.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Insulin Therapy P2 31 mins – “In this episode, we continue to review insulin therapy including dosing-related specifications, dosing adjustments, injection technique, patient counseling pearls, and the concept of a sliding scale.” At the link right-click “Direct download: 087-insulins part_2.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Internet History 88 mins – “Brian McCullough is the author of How the Internet Happened: from Netscape to the iPhone. He talks with Megan Morrone about the booms and busts of the early days of the Internet.” At the link left-click “Download Options,” then right-click “Audio” and select”Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Internet Women 71 mins – “Claire Evans is the author of Broad Band: The Untold Story of the Women Who Made the Internet. She is also the founding editor of Terraform, VICE’s science-fiction vertical, and the singer of the band YACHT. She talks with Leo Laporte about the untold history of women in the computer industry.” At the link left-click “Download Options,” then right-click “Audio” and select”Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Limbs International 33 mins – “Of the 30 Million amputees worldwide, only 5 percent have access to prosthetics. A professor in Texas sets out to change that, one step at a time.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow, select “Save File” and “OK” to get the podcast.

Linda Gail Lewis 49 mins – “Robbie Fulks And Linda Gail Lewis On Singing Harmony And Living A ‘Wild!’ Life” At the link left-click the down-pointing arrow and select “Save File” and “OK” to get the podcast.

Lyft Founder 18 mins – “Next up in our series of episodes from the How I Built This Summit: John Zimmer, co-founder of Lyft. John sat down with Guy Raz in front of a live audience in San Francisco last month to talk about Lyft’s visions for the future of transportation – and their fierce competition with Uber.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link as” from the pop-up menu.

Malaria and Churches 64 mins – “Archbishop Albert Chama, Rebecca Vander Meulen, Robert W. Radtke, and Charles K. Robertson discuss mobilizing Anglican communities toward eliminating malaria.” At the link find the title, “Mobilizing Anglican Communities Toward Eliminating Malaria, Oct 18,” right-click “Play Now” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Medical Progress 53 mins – “As medical science progresses, it not only answers questions but generates even more.  Listener Tyler pointed out a study (now on hold) that proposes to withhold the current standard of care for victims of penetrating trauma to try something else, and he wondered what we thought of the ethics involved.  Co-hosts Nick Lind, Kyle Kinder, Madeline Slater, and Justin Hababag are here to help unwind these and other questions.  For instance, we explore how far medicine has come in its quest for answers by looking to the past, and what does My Pillow (as-seen-on-tv) have to do with the opioid crisis? Puzzled, we explore the possibilities for how as-seen-on-tv products could help with other public health efforts.  Could the Comfort Wipe wipe out ebola?  We visit with (a) President Donald Trump (soundboard) to find out.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Medical Scientist Training Programs 84 mins – “The MD isn’t the only degree offered by many medical schools.  For those who get excited about data, research, and advancing medical knowledge, you can add a Doctor of Philosophy degree.  Of course, there are those who get their PhD separately from their Medicinae Doctor.  Others get their PhDs from combined degree programs, including Medical Scientist Training Programs (MSTP). Aline Sandouk and Jayden Bowen took on the topic with a number of first-year MSTP students–why is an MD/PhD something you should consider?  Join them and Ossama Abu-Halawa, Hassan Ahamed, Akansha Jain, Madi Mix, Nate Mullin, Miranda Schene, Hannah Van Ert, and Qi Wang as they reveal reasons you might want to consider this sort of combined degree and the types of programs to choose from.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Midterm Elections Discussion 90 mins – “Governance Studies at Brookings convened a panel of experts to address these questions and more.” At the link left-click the down-pointing arrow under the sound bar, select “Save File” and “OK” to get the podcast.

Migraine Treatment 39 mins – “In this episode, we will discuss a new class of medications for preventing migraines called CGRP antagonists, including an overview of their development, clinical efficacy, and future goals of further research in this area.” At the link right-click “Direct download: 088-CGRP.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Minorities in England 53 mins – “This week’s episode of the Intelligence Squared podcast was a wide-ranging conversation about race and identity in Britain. In the studio we had Kamal Ahmed, BBC Editorial Director and author of The Life and Times of a Very British Man alongside the BBC News Presenter Razia Iqbal.” At the link you can listen, but not download; however, a copy is included in the blog archive.

Nancy Pelosi Bid for Speakership 52 mins – “Pelosi Knows How To Win — But Will She Win The House Speakership Again?” At the link left-click the down-pointing arrow and select “Save File” and “OK” to get the podcast.

Napster Co-founder 19 mins – “Sean Parker is the co-founder of Napster and the first President of Facebook. In his own words he talks about the beginning and end of Napster, meeting Mark Zuckerberg, and the early days of Facebook.” At the link left-click “Download Options,” then right-click “Audio” and select”Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Nazis in America 57 mins – “In the wake of the deadly anti-Semitic attack at the Tree of Life synagogue in Pittsburgh, FRONTLINE and ProPublica present a new investigation into white supremacist groups in America – in particular, a neo-Nazi group, Atomwaffen Division, that has actively recruited inside the U.S. military. Continuing FRONTLINE and ProPublica’s reporting on violent white supremacists in the U.S. (which has helped lead to multiple arrests), this joint investigation shows the group’s terrorist objectives and how it gained strength after the 2017 Charlottesville rally.” At the link find the title, “Documenting Hate: New American Nazis, Nov 2018,” right-click “MEDIA ENCLOSURE: http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/FrontlineAudiocastPbs/~5/EyalDq1ZG3g/535768305-frontlinepbs-documenting-hate-new-american-nazis.mp3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Newspaper Discussion 30 mins – “There are plenty of ways today to pay little—or nothing—to read the news. There are free blogs. There’s Facebook and Twitter. Who needs a subscription to a local newspaper? Millions of Americans have decided they don’t. But new research suggests this strategy may have costs in the long run. That’s because newspapers are not like most things we buy. If you decide not to buy a watch or a cappuccino, you save money. But if you decide not to pay for a police department, you might save money in the short run, but end up paying more in the long run. Whereas most of us treat newspapers like consumer products, new research from Paul Gao, Chang Lee, and Dermot Murphy suggests that they might be more like police departments. Gao, Lee, and Murphy looked at how newspaper closures might affect the cost of borrowing in local governments. What they found is a price tag that may give many taxpayers sticker shock. This week on Hidden Brain, we look at an unusual case of a free-rider problem. And we ask, who bears the cost when nobody wants to pay?” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Pain Management 59 mins – “Pain is common in the setting of serious illness. Dr. Christine Ritchie, UCSF distinguished professor, explains that it is a complex experience influenced by biology, environment and one’s emotions and cognitions. While there are many effective medicines for pain, they also have significant side effects. A holistic approach includes pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic approaches to pain with input and support from an interdisciplinary team. Recorded on 06/16/2015. (#29718)” At the link right-click “Audio MP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Pakistani Prime Minister 92 mins – “100 days of Imran Khan – World-renowned cricketer Imran Khan was elected prime minister of Pakistan in August 2018 with his party winning over 40 percent of the seats in parliament in the July 25 election. Though the election was marred by accusations of election rigging, Khan’s victory points to the rising appeal of populism in Pakistan and a rejection of the status quo. Khan’s most tangible expression of his populist agenda is his release of a “First 100 Days Agenda” to reform Pakistan. A majority of the six themes in the plan focus on economic, governance, and national security reforms. While supporters view Khan as part of the new guard ready to enact serious change, critics view his agenda as offering lofty goals that are impossible to implement. On November 8, the Center for Middle East Policy at Brookings hosted a discussion analyzing Khan’s first three months as prime minister and how his performance compares to his 100 days plan. Bruce Riedel, senior fellow in the Center for Middle East Policy, and Madiha Afzal, nonresident fellow in the Foreign Policy and Global Economy and Development programs, discussed these questions in a conversation moderated by Michael O’Hanlon, senior fellow and director of research for Foreign Policy. Following the conversation, the panelists took questions from the audience.” At the link right-click “Download the audio” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Patents 123 mins – “How non-practicing entities are bad for innovation, incentivizing examiners to improve patent quality, Qualcomm vs. Apple round 1, China claims the most patents in the world – are they valid? Finding problems in the “Inventor Protection Act”, the Trump administration says California’s net neutrality law causes “irreparable harm” to the U.S., and more!” At the link left-click “Download Options,” then right-click “Audio” and select”Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

President Carter 84 mins – “Governance Studies at Brookings hosted the author in a discussion with Brookings Senior Fellow Bill Galston.” At the link left-click the down-pointing arrow under the sound bar, select “Save File” and “OK” to get the podcast.

Privacy Regulation 50 mins – “Giovanni Buttarelli discusses the challenges of implementing and enforcing privacy regulations, market impacts of the GDPR, and the ethical debate over protecting personal data.” At the link follow the instructions to download the podcast

Psychedelic Therapy 58 mins – Michael Pollan, author of The Omnivore’s Dilemma and The Botany of Desire, focuses on psychedelic drugs in his most recent book. How to Change Your Mind dives into the latest developments in trials using psychedelic therapy to treat depression, anxiety, obsession, and trauma. For the book, Pollan immersed himself in the psychedelic experience, saying it helped him become more open, emotionally available, patient, and less defensive. He talks with Corby Kummer, senior editor at The Atlantic, about how this kind of therapy is impacting the mind, the self, and the spiritual experience.” At the link find the title, “The New Science of Psychedelics, Nov 6,” where you can listen, but not download; however, a copy is included in the blog archive.

Qatar Prime Minister 69 mins – “Sheikh Mohammed bin Abdulrahman Al-Thani for a discussion on the foreign policy challenges facing Qatar, its vision for the Middle East, and the future of U.S.-Qatar relations.” At the link find the title, “A Conversation With Sheikh Mohammed bin Abdulrahman Al-Thani, Nov 18,” right-click “Play Now” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Raiders of the Lost Ark 91 mins – “Craig and John spend the entire episode discussing and dissecting Raiders of the Lost Ark, looking at both its structure and scene work. This amazing and iconic 1981 film established so much of what we expect of out movie heroes and set pieces — but a lot of what it does would have a hard time getting through modern studio development. Five-minute exposition scenes! Nazi monkeys! Helpless heroes at the climax! And yet it works so well. There are great lessons to be learned for screenwriters in every genre.” At the link right-click the play button and select “Save Lin As” from the pop-up menu.

Rock Hudson Life 48 mins – “‘All That Heaven Allows’ Examines Rock Hudson’s Life As A Closeted Leading Man” At the link left-click the down-pointing arrow and select “Save File” and “OK” to get the podcast.

Silicon Valley History P1 64 mins – “Adam Fisher is the author of Valley of Genius: The Uncensored History of Silicon Valley (As Told by the Hackers, Founders, and Freaks Who Made It Boom). He talks with Leo Laporte about the secret history of Silicon Valley.” At the link left-click “Download Options,” then right-click “Audio” and select”Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Silicon Valley History P2 48 mins – “Adam Fisher is the author of “Valley of Genius: The Uncensored History of Silicon Valley (As Told by the Hackers, Founders, and Freaks Who Made It Boom)”. This is the second part of his conversation with Leo Laporte about the secret history of Silicon Valley.” At the link left-click “Download Options,” then right-click “Audio” and select”Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Social Media Impact 58 mins – “Playing for Team Human today is interdisciplinary thinker and technology philosopher Damien Williams. In this episode, Williams and Rushkoff look at the embedded biases of technology and the values programed into our mediated lives. How has a conception of technology as “objective” blurred our vision to the biases normalized within these systems? What ethical interrogation might we apply to such technology? And finally, how might alternative modes of thinking, such as magick, the occult, and the spiritual help us to bracket off these systems for pause and critical reflection? This conversation serves as a call to vigilance against runaway systems and the prejudices they amplify. Rushkoff begins today’s show with a story from home. A well-meaning school administrator begins using social media to promote his school, posting pictures of students and classroom activities. As parents become upset, the question arises: Why is it so easy to lose sight of the design and purpose behind these platforms?” At the link find the title, “Ep. 74 Damien Williams “We Built It From Us” right-click “Download “ and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Social Media Platform Impact 72 mins – “In this talk, author Tarleton Gillespie discusses how social media platforms police what we post online – and the societal impact of these decisions. He flips the story to argue that content moderation is not ancillary to what platforms do; it is essential, definitional, and constitutional. Given that, the very fact of moderation should change how we understand what platforms are.” At the link find the title, “Custodians of the Internet,” right-click “Play Now” and select select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Stadium Food 20 mins – “The Falcons are trying something radical: Making their food cheaper. It could break stadium economics. – Longtime listeners of PLANET MONEY will know that I used to work at a stadium. And all the time, people would complain about the prices. Like, 4.25 for a Coke? What, is there rum in it? And I would be like, you don’t like it, don’t buy it. But now I’m just a mere consumer. And this sort of stuff – it kind of gets to me….” At the link right-click “Download” and select ”Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Stitch Fix Business 15 mins – “Today we have another live episode from the How I Built This Summit, featuring Katrina Lake of Stitch Fix. Katrina sat down with Guy Raz in front of a live audience in San Francisco in October to discuss building culture at a billion-dollar company, and why it’s important – even for the CEO – to “rehire” yourself every year.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Stress Management 59 mins – “Margaret Chesney, the Director of the UCSF Osher Center for Integrative Medicine, explores how to recognize the signs of stress overload and strategies for managing it using integrative techniques. Recorded on 03/03/2015. (#29276)” At the link right-click “Audio MP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Technology and Human Rights 56 mins – “Perspectives from Europe and the US on a Law and Policy Agenda Digital technologies affect the lives of billions of people around the world daily. The decisions of private platforms and tech developers — and the public institutions that regulate their conduct — can shape public discourse, with profound impacts on democracy, liberty, autonomy, and governance. This panel provides a broad overview of the landscape for regulating cutting-edge digital technologies in Europe and the US. The discussion focuses on mechanisms for ensuring tech developers and platforms build and deploy their products and services in a manner that is consistent with fundamental human rights, including the rights to freedom of expression and privacy. Panelists bring a wealth of experience to the table and will address considerations with respect to the role that strategic litigation, legislation and regulation, and multi-stakeholder initiatives that operate outside of government can play in setting a human rights tech agenda. Topics of discussion will include the advent of a new privacy regime in Europe in the form of the General Data Protection Regulation; challenging surveillance in the age of mass data collection; the complex landscape for platforms making content moderation decisions; and the long-range impact of technologies that incorporate algorithms, AI, and, machine learning. Participants include Nani Jansen Reventlow, Can Yeginsu, Vivek Krishnamurthy, and Jessica Fjeld (Panel Moderator).” At the link find the title, “Promoting Fairness, Equity, and Human Rights in Tech,” right-click “Play Now” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

This Is Our Lane 35 mins – “A Trauma Surgeon Who Survived Gun Violence Is Taking On The NRA” At the link left-click the down-pointing arrow and select “Save File” and “OK” to get the podcast.

Thomas Jefferson Contradictions 44 mins – “”We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal.” These words, penned by Thomas Jefferson more than 240 years ago, continue to inspire many Americans. And yet these very same words — affirming the equality and dignity of all — were written by a man who owned hundreds of slaves, and fathered six children by an enslaved woman, Sally Hemings. For historian Annette Gordon-Reed, the contradictions embedded in Jefferson’s life are “a window into us, into who we are as Americans.” “The fascinating thing about Jefferson is that he, in some ways, embodies the country,” she says. “A lot of Jefferson’s contradictions are alive in us. I don’t think there’s anybody in the founding generation who embodies that so well… and that’s what makes him a subject that we can’t really, I think, do without.” This week on Hidden Brain, we take a deep dive into history as a window into psychology. We look closely at the life and beliefs of a man who helped shape the modern United States — and ask how his complexities and contradictions have echoes in our own lives.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Tooth Decay Prevention 88 mins – “Dental caries (tooth decay) is an infectious and transmissible disease. John Featherstone, Dean of UCSF’s School of Dentistry, explores how to prevent and stop existing progressions through clinical intervention things you can do every day to help keep your teeth healthy. Recorded on 11/05/2015. (#30146)” At the link right-click “Audio MP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Trade War with China 25 mins – “Amid escalating tensions and stalled talks between the U.S. and China, financial reporter David J. Lynch and Beijing Bureau Chief Anna Fifield explain what’s at stake for Trump, the two countries and the global economy” At the link you can listen, but not download; however, a copy is included in the blog archive.

Twitter Co-founder 16 mins – “Ev Williams is the co-founder of Twitter. In his own words, he talks about starting Blogger and selling it to Google, starting Odeo as a podcast platform, and pivoting to create Twitter.” At the link left-click “Download Options,” then right-click “Audio” and select”Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Vaccine Research 71 mins – “Infectious disease emergencies are opportunities to test the efficacy of newly developed interventions — for example, drugs, vaccines, and treatment regimens. Yet they raise many intertwined challenges around politics, logistics, ethics, and study design. In this talk — part of our Digital Health @ Harvard series — Professor Marc Lipsitch describes his work on computer simulation of vaccine trials during epidemics to assess options for trial design, as well as some of his recent work on the ethics of trials in emergencies, and stimulates discussion on the intersection of these two topics to help disentangle ethical from political and logistical concerns, as well as to reduce the time pressure to make a decision and encourage rational deliberation by future stakeholders.” At the link find the title,”Computer Simulations to Enhance Vaccine Trials,” right-click “Play Now” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Vaccines for Adults 89 mins – “Dr. Katherine Julian, UCSF Professor of Clinical Medicine, looks at vaccines for adults. She looks at who should get vaccinated for measles, flu, whooping cough, pneumococcus, and shingles. She also discusses vaccines for young adults and teens: human papillomavirus and meningococcus. Recorded on 02/11/2015. (#29279)” At the link right-click “Audio MP3” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Venezuelan Exodus 69 mins – “In recent years, more than 3 million Venezuelans have fled in response to the deepening political and economic crisis in their country, becoming one of the largest and fastest outflows anywhere in the world. More than 80 percent of these migrants and refugees have settled in other Latin American countries or in the Caribbean. For the most part, countries in the region have opened their doors to the Venezuelans, finding creative ways to incorporate them into local economies and societies by regularizing their status and giving them access to public services. Still, this generous welcome is being tested amid growing recognition these arrivals will be more than short-term guests. In this webinar, Felipe Muñoz, Advisor to the President of Colombia for the Colombian-Venezuelan Border; Francisco Carrión Mena, Ambassador of Ecuador to the United States; and Frieda Roxana Del Águila Tuesta, Superintendent of Peru’s Migration Agency—representatives from the governments of Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru, which are home to more than half of the Venezuelan migrants and refugees—discussed their countries’ responses to the sudden arrival of hundreds of thousands of newcomers. Andrew Selee, MPI’s President, and Feline Freier, Professor of political science at Universidad del Pacífico in Peru, talked on the broader trend across the region and the prospects for future policy responses.” At the link right-click “Download(Loading)” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Voices and Power 26 mins – “Barks and chirps and roars immediately give us clues about the animals who make those noises. The pitch and volume of the sound can help us figure out the animal’s size and even its role in the social hierarchy. Humans are also animals. So do our voices convey anything about where we stand in the pecking order? Political scientist Casey Klofstad and biologist Rindy Anderson have tried to answer this question. They’ve focused on one of the most high-stakes and hierarchical parts of society — politics. The pitch of a politician’s voice may seem trivial when compared to policy positions or party affiliation, but Klofstad and Anderson have found that we’re biased toward certain types of voices. “Political decisions are made on a very snap judgment basis level,” Klofstad says. In elections where partisanship doesn’t define the race, he says, minor characteristics like a candidate’s voice or appearance can have an outsize impact. “If it’s a municipal election or a primary where it’s Democrats versus Democrats or Republicans versus Republicans, all of these other things that we bring to the table as animals matter.” The trouble is, the voices we prefer may not lead us to the most skilled candidates. This week on Hidden Brain, we probe the tension between our modern, complex political systems and ancient biological rules that tell us who’s in charge.At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Wedding Industrial Complex 30 mins – Discussion of the increasing cost of weddings and comparison with a similar situation with the military industrial complex. At the link you can listen, but not download; however a copy is included in the blog archive.

White Nationalism 49 mins – “’New York Times Magazine’ journalist Janet Reitman says domestic counter-terrorism strategists ignored the rising danger of far-right extremism — which enabled the movement to grow and become more dangerous. Juan Gabriel Vásquez’s novel, ‘The Shape Of The Ruins,’ centers on the 1948 assassination of Colombian political leader Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, the years of violence that followed and the conspiracy theories concerning his death. Vásquez spoke with ‘Fresh Air’ producer Sam Briger. Also Rock critic Ken Tucker reviews the album ‘Interstate Gospel’ from the country trio Pistol Annies, comprised of Ashley Monroe, Miranda Lambert and Angaleena Presley.” At the link right-click “Download” and select ”Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Whole Foods Founder 47 mins – “In 1978, college drop-out John Mackey scraped together $45,000 to open his first health food store, “Safer Way.” A few years later he co-founded Whole Foods Market — and launched an organic food revolution that helped change the way Americans shop.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Womens Social Status 59 mins – “This panel assesses progress in family law reform, and highlight recommendations to effect legal and social change to advance women’s economic participation.” At the link find the title, “Women’s Social Status and Family Law, Nov 18,” right-click “Play Now” and select Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Workplace Discrimination 60 mins – “This panel discusses how legal and policy reform in the workplace can promote women’s economic empowerment and broader growth.” At the link find the title,”Workplace Discrimination, Nov 18,” right-click “Play Now” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Xeorx PARC Co-founder 19 mins – “Alan Kay is one of the founders of Xerox PARC. In his own words, he talks about developing early personal computers, the famous demo at Xerox PARC that gave Steve Jobs the idea for the Macintosh, and his feeling that computing has failed.” At the link left-click “Download Options,” then right-click “Audio” and select”Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Xerox PARC 22 mins – “Alvy Ray Smith is the co-founder of Pixar. In his own words, he talks about his early experiments with computer graphics at Xerox PARC, work at Lucasfilm, and his opinions on Steve Jobs’ contribution – or lack thereof – to Pixar.” At the link left-click “Download Options,” then right-click “Audio” and select ”Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Yemen Discussion 62 mins – At the link find the title, “In Pursuit of a Political Solution in Yemen: Perspectives From the Frontlines, Nov 18,” right-click “Play Now” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Yemen Humanitarian Crisis 49 mins – “In 2015, Saudi Arabia initiated a bombing campaign against Yemen that contributed to what is now the world’s largest humanitarian crisis. Today, 14 million people in Yemen face starvation. Journalist Robert Worth says the country is “no longer a functioning state” — and that Americans share some of the blame, since the Obama administration backed the Saudis. “We gave a green light for it in 2015, and then we stood by and let it continue as it got worse and worse,” he says.” At the link right-click “Download” and select ”Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Thanks for stopping by.

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About virginiajim

Retired knowledge nut.
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