Mining Digest 389 – May 3, 2019: Acting Officials Problems, ADHD Treatment, Affordable Care Act Discussion, Assisted Dying Laws, Aviation Careers, Barr and Mueller Report, Blockchain and Publishing, Blood Test for Pain, Boarder Closing Discussion, Buy and Hold Strategies, Chicago Boys in Chili P2, Chinese Counterfeit Products, Colorectal Cancer Surveillance, Congressional Investigations, Conspiracies, Disease Spillover Events, Educational Trends and Issues, Female Presidential Candidates, Free Speech History, Fuel Piracy in Mexico, Hidden Camera Detection, HIV Vaccine Research, HPV Vaccine Development, Marijuana for Nausea, Medical Facility Attacks, Middleman Role, Mueller Report P2, Multiple Sclerosis Story, Muslim Hate Crimes Defense, Pharmacogenomics, Planned Obsolescence, Police Dept Insurance, Presidential Campaign Rallies, Singapore Prime Minister Interview, Social Evolution, Social Media Tracking, Structural Biology of Viruses, Tales from the South (Vietnam), Tax Reform, Technology Advances, Terrorism Blocking on Internet, Vanguard Index Fund Creation, YouTube Toxic Videos

Exercise your ears: the 78 podcasts shown below present the best ideas, information and stories from a larger group of 655 for the week, to hear while your hands and eyes are busy. Get all the files as a group for the next four months here, or double (ctrl-click) individual  titles to get single podcasts and explore the source. A collection of (25,200) podcasts, listed alphabetically and grouped by topic, can be downloaded piecemeal, with files A-E at this link, and the remainder here. You’ll be limited to a 4GB maximum per download at the last place, so multiple group downloads will be needed to get all files, totaling over 160GB and may take a few hours. The first entry in the collection is a text file with just titles for quicker reference. A collection of abstracts for all the podcasts is available at this link and updated quarterly. Get the discarded material, too, using a podcast aggregator loaded with this opml file of the 503 sources. And try PodcastRE from the University of Wisconsin with over 150,000 titles. Exercise your ears and relax the rest.

2001 A Space Odssey 47 mins – “It’s been 50 years since Stanley Kubrick’s masterpiece premiered on the big screen, forever changing cinema as we know it. The making of the movie itself, however, was its own incredible odyssey. We’ll discuss the legacy and making of one the most influential films of all time.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Acting Officials Problems 47 mins – “The Department of Homeland Security is facing major staffing shakeups with the resignation of Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen and removal of Secret Service Director Randolph Alles. This, as President Trump pushes for tougher border security. ” At the link left-click the down-pointing arrow and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

ADHD Treatment 43 mins – “In this episode, we take a deep dive into the use of stimulants and other medications for management of ADHD. After decades of use, technology has resulted in changes to how they are administered. Furthermore new agents have become available, but are they an improvement?” At the link right-click “Direct download: 093-stimulants_for_ADHD.mp3and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Affordable Care Act Discussion 47 mins – “The Trump administration moves to strike down the entire Affordable Care Act. We look at the implications of a full repeal.” At the link left-click the down-pointing arrow and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Airbnb Impact 22 mins – “Charlene Griffith has spent her life in New Orleans. She grew up there, and worked one of her first jobs in a hotel there. When Airbnb came to town, she launched her business there. She fixed up a blighted home in the historic neighborhood of Treme, invested a lot in it, and started renting it out to tourists for good money. It was a great homegrown success story. But lots of other people also got in on Airbnb. So many homes have become mini-hotels that whole blocks –whole neighborhoods– are losing the thing that makes New Orleans, New Orleans: its residents. So the city is cracking down. A complete about face. Today on the show, how New Orleans set out to help residents like Charlene build wealth. And then pulled the rug out from under them.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Art and Politics 12 mins – “In a lyrical talk full of radical imagination, poet Aja Monet and community organizer phillip agnew share the story of how they fell in love and what they’ve learned about the powerful connection between great social movements and meaningful art. Journey to Smoke Signals Studio in Miami, their home and community art space where they’re creating a refuge for neighbors and creators — and imagining a new answer to distraction, anger and anxiety.” At the link left-click “Share,” left-click “Download,” then and “Download audio” followed by “Save File,” and “OK” from the next pop-up menu.

Assisted Dying Laws 18 mins – “Professor Ben White from the Australian Centre for Health Law Research at the Queensland University of Technology discusses the challenges in turning the Victorian Voluntary Assisted Dying Act into clinical practice. With MJA news and online editor, Cate Swannell.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Aviation Careers 28 mins – “Today we have a special episode where I discuss experiences from this year’s career expo and Lessons learned for future expos or career fairs. This years Career Expo was a little different in that they asked potential job and career seekers to pre register for times during the event. This was the same as other years except this year they let anyone enter the expo during Sun N Fun. This led to an interesting dynamic and some very good lessons learned.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Barr and Mueller Report 26 mins – “William Barr’s delayed confirmation vote for attorney general means there’s less clarity on who’ll see Robert Mueller’s report. Post reporters Dan Balz and Devlin Barrett look at history, precedent and law regarding special investigations.” At the link you can listen, but not download; however, a copy is included in the blog archive.

Basketball Sneaker Cost 25 mins – “When Stephon Marbury was eight years old, the Nike Air Jordan sneakers came out. These were basketball shoes endorsed by Michael Jordan, one of the greatest NBA players of all time. Stephon, like lots of other kids, wanted them. But the shoes were pricey. So pricey, his mother couldn’t afford them. For years after this, he wondered whether there was a different way to sell quality basketball sneakers. Two decades later, he got a chance to try another way. When he was an NBA All-Star, Marbury was approached by clothing company Steve & Barry’s. They had a crazy idea for a sneaker, and they thought Marbury might be just the celebrity to get behind it. Today on the show: The story of what happened when an athlete used his name to make a shoe as cheap as possible.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Beach History 50 mins – “Spring Break is here and BackStory has gone to the beach. Ed, Joanne, and Brian dip their toes into four tales from America’s shoreline. We’ll talk about race, health, and daringly provocative woolen swimsuits. And the hosts will add their own experiences of the beach as a weird, magical place.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Blockchain in Publishing 12 mins – “We’re casting a light on the whole industry. A publishing partner is going to be able to see how the toy sales are going and how the ed-tech licensing deals are going and how the video game sales are going. They can adjust their product offering because of that transparency. Interview with Rana DiOrio – Audio PlayerImagine a digital ledger that is permanent and irreversible, and you will begin to understand why blockchain promises so much for the online world. With blockchain, transparency and certainty are guaranteed for every e-transaction. The platform that underlines bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies, blockchain is already taking up a role in supply chain management, music licensing, and even health care record-keeping. Blockchain enthusiasts expect publishing will soon follow. Not only the future of the internet may come to rely on blockchain, but also the future of civilization. At least that’s the lofty dream of publisher and entrepreneur Rana DiOrio, co-founder and CEO of Creative Mint. Blockchain, she says, will bring visibility to the creative supply chain that will ensure fair treatment for authors, artists, and other creators. In fact, DiOrio believes blockchain will put in practice a digital version of the golden rule. “Rights transactions happen for creative works in myriad ways. You have your book deal, and then you have your video deal and you have your ed-tech licensing deal or your video game deal or your merchandising deal. All those deals can be committed to smart contracts that then reside in a blockchain for all to see, so there’s checks and balances built into the system,” DiOrio recently told CCC’s Chris Kenneally. “My background is a lawyer, and in my contracts class, our professor said sunlight is the best disinfectant,” she explained. “What we’re doing is we’re casting a light on the whole industry. Imagine – all of our partners are going to be able to see with great degree of granularity all of the numbers for a brand. A publishing partner is going to be able to see how the toy sales are going and how the ed-tech licensing deals are going and how the video game sales are going, and they can adjust their product offering because of that.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Blood Test for Pain 27 mins – [first item]“If you are in pain a doctor might ask you how bad it is on a scale of one to ten. It is subjective and up until now there has been no objective way of measuring how much pain a person experiences. A team at Indiana University School of Medicine has now developed a blood test which can not only assess pain, but will be able to predict whose pain might get worse in the coming months. The researchers are hopeful that one day they might even be able to use the blood test to look at molecular bio-markers and work out which painkillers work best for each individual patient. This will hopefully reduce prescriptions of opioids, which have led to addiction problems in many thousands of people globally. Professor of psychiatry Alexander Niculescu was lead author of the research, which has recently been published in the journal Molecular Psychiatry…. If a person has a stoma, instead of going to the toilet in the usual way, faeces are collected in a bag that is attached to the person’s stomach and has been joined onto their gut. This bring its own challenges, and although in the UK alone one in five hundred people live with some form of bowel stoma, it doesn’t tend to get talked about much. So family doctor Mark Porter went to Addenbrooke’s Hospital in Cambridge to meet Michael Adams, who had to have part of his bowel removed due to severe inflammatory bowel disease.” At the link you can listen, but not download; however, a copy is included in the blog archive.

Boarder Closing Discussion 15 mins – “Will Trump ultimately decide to shut down the border? And why keep the country — including his own administration — in suspense awaiting a border closing decision? Damian Paletta, the Post’s economic policy reporter, explains.” At the link you can listen, but not download; however, a copy is included in the blog archive.

Brexit Impact 14 mins – “On Tuesday this week, the 2019 London Book Fair took over Olympia Hall in central London. That evening, only four miles away at Westminster, British MPs began a series of historic votes to determine the nature of the United Kingdom’s leave-taking from the European Union. Guest authors offered opinions on Brexit that were as gloomy as the weather, reports Andrew Albanese, Publishers Weekly senior writer. “Ian McEwan described leaving the E.U. as ‘a national tragedy.’ He said he would like the Prime Minister to revoke Article 50 and that a one-line email would do.” As PW reported, author Caryl Phillips pointed out that the British Empire in 1945 ruled 760 million people; by 1991 that figure was 168 million. “But Phillips noted that there has not been a subsequent fall-off in the British people’s sense of that Empire. They still think they have those 760 million. That’s what [Phillips believes] has fed Brexit,” Albanese tells CCC’s Chris Kenneally. If the nature and even timing of Brexit remain unclear, one may yet confidently predict that Brexit will mean important changes for the UK’s scholarly publishing community. With Kenneally as moderator, a panel of publishing executives agreed that Brexit was complicating what has always been an international enterprise. Tim Britton, formerly of Springer Nature, raised the psychological effect of Brexit on researchers, Albanese noted. “Would you move your family here? Would you build a house here?’ he wondered. Britton said that the “psychological effect” on researchers, “which is impossible to measure” could potentially have a far bigger impact than any of the actual policies Brexit may eventually settle on, making it harder for U.K. institutions, including publishers, to recruit and retain the best talent.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Buy and Hold Strategies 60 mins – “Over the next nine months Paul plans to introduce podcast listeners to the work of his “Top 10 Truth Tellers.”  These are writers and/or podcasters who produce educational materials that Paul believes will help investors improve their long-term results. In this first of 10 introductions, Paul reads an article and “in the news” items that hopefully will reinforce an investor’s commitment to buying and holding index funds, even if big firms try to convert you back to actively-managed funds from the past. Paul reads and comments on George’s observations about the famous S&P’s Indexes versus Active (SPIVA) Scorecard. He also highlights why major mutual funds management companies have paid millions in settlements for the funds they chose to offer to their employees, in their own 401k plan.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save link As” from the pop-up menu.

Chicago Boys in Chili P1 24 mins – “Chile is one of the wealthiest, most stable economies in South America. But to understand how Chile got here–how it became the envy of neighboring countries –you have to know the story of a group of Chilean students who came to study economics at the University of Chicago. A group that came to be known as the Chicago Boys. In the 1960s, their country was embracing socialism. But the Chicago Boys would take the economic ideas they had learned at Chicago and turn them into policies in Chile. They ended up on the front lines of a bloody battle between Marxism and capitalism, democracy and dictatorship.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Chicago Boys in Chili P2 27 mins – “In the early seventies, Chile, under Marxist President Salvador Allende, was plagued by inflation, shortages, and a crushing deficit. After a violent coup in 1973, the economy became the military’s problem. Led by Augusto Pinochet, the military assigned a group of economists to help turn around Chile’s economy. They had trained at the University of Chicago. They came to be known as the Chicago Boys. Today’s show is about the economic “shock treatment” they launched. It eventually set Chile on a path to prosperity, but it did so at an incredible human cost. One that Chileans are still grappling with today.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Chinese Counterfeit Products 22 mins – “Tim Demarais works for an American company called ABRO. The brand is a big deal in many foreign countries. They sell so much masking tape in places like Pakistan that when people there refer to a roll of masking tape, they’ll often call it a roll of ABRO. But back in 2002, ABRO’s sales started to dip. Tim heard from a customer that counterfeit ABRO goods in China might be causing the problem. So, he flew over to investigate. What he discovered– the extent of the fraud–was shocking. And even more surprising, the company posing as ABRO insisted they were the real ABRO. Today on the show, it’s real ABRO vs. fake ABRO.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Civility 14 mins – “What does it mean to be civil? Journalist Steven Petrow looks for answers in the original meaning of the word, showing why civility shouldn’t be dismissed as conversation-stifling political correctness or censorship. Learn three ways we can each work to be more civil — and start talking about our differences with respect.” At the link left-click “Share,” right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

College Admissions Scandal 47 mins – “The Justice Department charges Hollywood celebrities, coaches and CEOs in a massive college admissions cheating scandal. Allegations of Photoshopped faces on bodies of actual athletes, bribes and inflated test scores. We look at the charges and what they says about elite college admissions.” At the link left-click the down-pointing arrow and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

College Payment Plan 20 mins – “Lauren Neuwirth was a sophomore at Purdue University when she ran out of money to pay for college. She was considering joining the Army to get her tuition covered. But then someone at the financial aid office told her about this new thing the university was offering. Planet Money Lauren is getting tens of thousands of dollars toward her tuition not as a scholarship or a loan. There is no set amount of money she has to pay back. But for eight years after she graduates, she has to give Purdue a percentage of her income. The more she makes, the more Purdue gets. It’s more like she sold stock in herself. Today on the show, we follow the evolution of income-share agreements, from David Bowie’s recording studio to a pilot program in Chile to colleges in the U.S.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Colorectal Cancer Surveillance 12 mins – “Dr Erin Symonds is senior research scientist at the Flinders Medical Centre in Adelaide. She discusses the success of the SCOOP colorectal cancer surveillance recall program. With MJA news and online editor, Cate Swannell.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Congress Changes 42 mins – “C-SPAN spoke with four freshman members of the House in the 116th Congress: Representatives Rashida Tlaib (D-MI), Tim Burchett (R-TN), Joe Neguse (D-CO), and Michael Waltz (R-FL). The 116th Congress is one of the most diverse in history, the most racially diverse and most-female group of representatives ever elected to the House.” At the link the podcast can be purchased; however, a copy is also included in the blog archive.

Congressional Investigations 18 mins – “President Trump declares a national emergency to fund that border wall. We’ll unpack the politics and legal hurdles. Plus, we’ll touch on former FBI Deputy Director Andrew McCabe’s comments about President Trump and his interactions with the FBI.” At the link left-click the down-pointing arrow and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Conspiracies 69 mins – “Stories from the upside-down world where conspiracy theorists dwell.” At the link you can listen, but must pay to download; however, a copy is included in the blog archive.

Conspiracy Theories 62 mins – “People connecting the dots that maybe should not be connected.” At the link you can listen, but not download; however, a copy is included in the blog archive.

Death Penalty Jurist 16 mins – “Lindy Lou Isonhood grew up in a town where the death penalty was a fact of life, part of the unspoken culture. But after she served as a juror in a capital murder trial — and voted “yes” to sentencing a guilty man to death — something inside her changed. In this engaging and personal talk, Isonhood reflects on the question she’s been asking herself in the 25 years since the trial: Am I a murderer?” At the link left-click “Share,” left-click “Download,” then and “Download audio” followed by “Save File,” and “OK” from the next pop-up menu.

Disease Spillover Events 46 mins – “When will the next disease outbreak occur? Why are some pests better at spreading disease than others? Disease Ecologist Barbara Han talks about her research that addresses these questions with computer modeling, as well as how modeling predictions can inform field and bench research.” At the link find the title, “103: Predicting Spillover Events with Barbara Han, 08 Mar 2019,” right-click “Play Nowand select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Educational Trends and Issues 12 mins – “We discuss the trends and issues we observed during the weeks that include February 21-March 6, 2019 as we flipped resources into our Flipboard magazine. We discuss four trends:  hardware and software, digital citizenship, online teaching and learning, and AR/VR/mixed reality. The major focus of hardware and software was on mobile devices. Although, in the news was also mention of Flash ending in 2020, an increase in the use of voice technologies, and resources for using Google Drive. The major news with digital citizenship was the efforts to bring back net-neutrality. With AR/VR/mixed reality was spurred on by the introduction of the Hololens 2.” At the link find the title, Episode 132 Trends for February 21-March 6, 2019…,”right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Female Presidential Candidates 47 mins – “At least four women are now running for president in 2020. We’ll look at the field and their prospects.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Free Speech History 30 mins – “For this week’s pod extra, we feature a conversation from WNYC’S Brian Lehrer Show. Brian talked with Columbia University President Lee Bollinger and University of Chicago Law Professor Geoffrey Stone, editors of The Free Speech Century, a collection of essays by leading scholars, marking 100 years since the Supreme Court issued the three decisions that established the modern notion of free speech. Whether it’s fake news or money in politics, we’re still arguing over the First Amendment, and their book lays out the origins of the argument just after the first World War.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Fuel Piracy in Mexico 18 mins – “A Warning: This episode contains audio from a disturbing scene of a pipeline explosion. Mexico’s national oil company, Petróleos MexicanosPemexis one of the largest oil companies in the world, and its gas is really expensive. Working for the minimum wage, it takes a day to earn enough to buy a gallon of gas. And so it’s no surprise that people have long stolen some gas in Mexico. It’s so common, there’s even a name for it: Huachicol. For a long time, the problem was manageable. But then the drug cartels got in on the action. They started stealing massive amounts of gasoline from the pipes, and selling it on the global market. Now the Mexican Government is fighting back. The President is taking radicaleven dangeroussteps to cut them off. Mexico is in a full-blown fuel crisis.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Hidden Camera Detection 25 mins – “There was a time when tiny cameras brought to mind images of James Bond. But these cameras are now available to anyone who can afford them. And they are increasingly being used to spy on guests in hotel rooms and rental properties. Lawyer Marc Lamber says laws about the issue are murky. But don’t despair. There are ways to protect yourself.” At the link find the title, “April 13, 2019 Komando On Demand Who’s spying on you?” right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

HIV Vaccine Research 37 mins – “Why have scientists struggled to generate a protective HIV vaccine? Dan Barouch lays out the unique challenges and discusses the ongoing clinical trial with an adenovirus-based vaccine developed in his lab. Julie’s Biggest Takeaways: HIV poses unique and unprecedented challenges for vaccine development including: Viral diversity: extremely wide range of viral diversity. No natural precedent: No human has cleared HIV based on their immune responses. Unknown correlates of protection: scientists are unsure what immune responses are important to induce….Attenuated HIV hasn’t been used as a vaccine strategy because of fears it could revert to a disease-causing form; similar fears have prevented a whole-killed virus platform for vaccine development. A clinical trial testing safety in 3 locations around the world demonstrated that this vaccine strategy in people elicited immune responses shown to be protective in animals. An efficacy trial is ongoing in sub-Saharan Africa, with results expected in 2021. The trial is double blinded: neither the doctor nor the patient know who was administered the candidate vaccine or who was administered the placebo. HIV latent infection causes complications in vaccine development because HIV latency is seeded early, possibly in the first few days of infection. Once latency is established, the individual is infected for life. Any low level of HIV infection in vaccinated people could potentially seed this latent infection. Quickly-seeded latency means immune responses must react extremely quickly. Featured Quotes – “The challenges in the development of a prophylactic HIV vaccine are among the toughest challenges in biomedical and scientific research.” “HIV poses unique challenges for vaccine development and truly unprecedented challenges that have never been posed before by vaccination. One such challenge is the viral diversity: HIV exists not as a single sequence, but as numerous different viral sequences — not only throughout the world, but also throughout regions, communities, and even within the same individual. So to create a vaccine against HIV, the immune responses have to be relevant for a vast diversity of viral sequences.”…“I always encourage young scientists to pursue their dreams and to tackle hard problems. There’s a lot of easy problems to solve but some of the hardest problems are the most impactful in the end.” At the link find the title, “102: HIV vaccines with Dan Barouch, 21 Feb 2019,” right-click “Play Nowand select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

HPV Vaccine Development 75 mins – “How did discoveries made with bovine papillomavirus help scientists develop the human papillomavirus vaccine? Doug Lowy discusses his journey that began with basic research and led to the production of the HPV vaccine. Julie’s Biggest Takeaways: In the early 1950s, the U.S. was a high-incidence country for cervical cancer. Through application of screens using the Pap smear, doctors have been able to catch and excise suspicious tissue, leading to a significant drop in incidence. Cervical cancer remains high-incidence in low- and middle-income countries; in high-incidence countries, cervical cancer is the most common form of HPV-associated cancer. In the U.S., cervical cancer represents around 50% of the HPV-associated cancers, with others like penile, anal, and oropharyngeal cancers also represented. Henrietta Lacks, the woman from whom HeLa cells were derived, had a cervical adenocarcenoma caused by HPV-16. The viral DNA had integrated near the myc oncogene to generate high expression of this oncogene. The cell lines have been growing for decades but the epigenetic changes from HPV infection have led to a dependence of the cells on E6 and E7; if they are blocked or removed, the HeLa cells undergo apoptosis. Lowy’s work on bovine papilloma virus (BPV) played a key role in development of the HPV vaccine. Other researchers attempting to generate a neutralizing response to the HPV capsid failed, but Lowy and his colleague Reinhard Kirnbauer had successfully achieved neutralization using BPV. By comparing HPV and BPV sequences, Lowy realized there was a single amino acid change in the HPV-16 strain that was being used as a lab standard strain; fixing this restored capsid self-assembly, led to immunogenicity and provided the basis for the HPV vaccine. HPV L1 capsid protein has a repeating structure that induces a very high level of immune protection. Protection is so high that it is sterilizing, meaning that exposed individuals prevent any infection, not just disease. This may serve as the basis for a new strategy, using repeating structures such as ferretin in vaccine development. The incubation between infection and development of cancer can take decades, and the vaccine has not been on the market long enough to assess a difference in cancer incidence. It has resulted in a decrease in cervical dysplasia, the endpoints used in cervical cancer screening via pap smear, but no cancer reduction has been observed yet.” At the link find the title, “105: HPV vaccination with Doug Lowy, 05 Apr 2019,” right-click “Play Nowand select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Immigration Policy Problems 21 mins – “Reporter Nick Miroff explains what shakeups at the Department of Homeland Security mean for U.S. immigration enforcement. Plus, a look at the president’s power to fill important vacancies, from Stanford law professor Anne Joseph O’Connell.” At the link you can listen, but not download; however, a copy is included in the blog archive.

Inflation Control 20 mins – “In the years before 1951, the Federal Reserve took orders from the Treasury, and by extension, from the President. The President would request that interest rates remain low, and the Fed would oblige. But this became a problem. Low interest rates are great for people to borrow money to buy stuff, and for businesses to grow and hire people. But low interest rates also drive up inflation. And a big part of the Federal Reserve’s job is to keep inflation low. So the Fed decided it needed to reclaim its power. And on March 4, 1951 it finally did. The Fed was officially free. Sort of. On today’s show, how the Fed won its independence and then fought to defend it.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Internet History 59 mins – “This talk provides a history of the reasons for and the technology of the Internet. It also presents some of the reasons that the Internet has had such an impact and some of the challenges that may cause the Internet of tomorrow to be significantly less revolutionary than the Internet to date. Scott Bradner has worked in the areas of computer programming, system management, networking, IT security, and identity management at Harvard for 50 years. He was involved in the design, operation and use of data networks at Harvard University since the early days of the ARPANET. He was involved in the design of the original Harvard data networks, the Longwood Medical Area network (LMAnet) and New England Academic and Research Network (NEARnet).  He was founding chair of the technical committees of LMAnet, NEARnet and the Corporation for Research and Enterprise Network (CoREN)….” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Joke Theft 26 mins – “In 2015, Jen Lewis posted a photoshopped image to Twitter that would go insanely viral. In it, Kanye West is kissing a mirrored image of himself. The image is so popular it even ends up spray painted on a wall in Australia. Kanye, maybe inspired by the photo, writes a song about how much he loves himself. But the thing is… Jen’s original tweet didn’t get much. What made it famous was that the Instagram account, f*ckjerry, reposted it. Without crediting her. Passing off content without credit is the newest form of a problem that has long troubled the comedy community: Joke theft. Today on the show, we trace the history of protecting jokes. Comedians and meme creators aren’t relying on copyright law; they’ve created a whole informal system of sanctions to protect their material from thieves.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Legal Technology 29 mins- “How are lawyers budgeting for technology in their firms and where do they need to catch up on legal tech? In this episode of The Digital Edge, hosts Sharon Nelson and Jim Calloway talk to Sofia Lingos about the ABA 2018 Legal Technology Survey. The survey and its subsequent report gives lawyers current statistics on the state of technology implementation in law firms. They discuss how lawyers can use this information for ideas on what their firms need to do to stay level with emerging technology. Sofia Lingos, Esq. is the founding and managing attorney of Trident Legal, a Boston based law firm that provides innovative transactional legal services to small businesses, entrepreneurs, and start-ups in diverse industries throughout all stages of growth.” At the link you can listen, but not download; however, a copy is included in the blog archive.

Marijuana for Nausea 15 mins – “Dr Antony Mersiades is a medical oncologist and Clinical Trials Fellow at the NHMRC Clinical Trials Centre at the University of Sydney. He discusses medicinal cannabis for the treatment of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. With MJA news and online editor Cate Swannell.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Measles Outbreak 26 mins – “We look at the factors that led to the reappearance of a disease that was declared eliminated in the U.S. nearly two decades ago. The number of measles cases in the United States has risen to nearly 700 — the highest annual number recorded since 2000, when the disease was declared eliminated in the country. Many of those cases can be traced to ultra-Orthodox Jewish communities in New York. Guest: Sarah Maslin Nir, who covers New York City for The New York Times. For more information on today’s episode, visit nytimes.com/thedaily….” At the link you can listen, but must subscribe to download; however, a copy is included in the blog archive.

Medical Facility Attacks 27 mins – [first item]“Fifteen medical royal colleges in the UK and the British Medical Association are urging the UK Government to take action over the targeting of medical staff working in conflict zones. It used to be the case that having a red cross or a red crescent on a medical tent or ambulance or hospital offered protection, as it was a clear sign that the staff inside were neutral and were simply trying to save lives. But in recent times doctors and nurses have found themselves to be targets. A report from Global Health Now says that in 2018 there were 950 attacks on health facilities and personnel in 23 countries including Syria, Iraq and Yemen, killing more than 150 health workers and injuring more than 700. Professor Tony Redmond has worked in many conflicts as an emergency physician and is now president of the World Association for Disaster and Emergency Medicine. How would you feel if the doctor prescribed you a night at the bingo, instead of a box of pills? It might seem far-fetched, but that is the idea behind ‘social prescribing’, a scheme that hopes to address some of the underlying problems, such as isolation or stress, that can affect our health. A pilot study conducted in the UK found that linking patients with support and activities within their community was associated with a 20% drop in A&E attendances, and a positive change in the well-being of 83% of participants. To find out more, Health Check prescribed reporter Madeleine Finlay a dance lesson. We all know that if someone is feeling anxious, taking a few deep breaths can sometimes help them feel a bit better, but could breathing in help people to think better too? New research from the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel has found that our breathing patterns can affect our cognition. Professor Noam Sobel tells Claudia about their discovery, the results of which have just been published in the journal Nature.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Melioidosis Disease 72 mins – “Burkholderia pseudomallei is an endemic soil-dwelling bacterium in southeast Asia, where it causes melioidosis. Direk Limmathurotsakul discusses his work to improve the official reporting numbers and how… ulie’s Biggest Takeaways: Melioidosis can present in a number of ways, such as sepsis, pneumonia, or abscesses. Because the symptoms are not specific, diagnosis requires isolation of the Burkholderia pseudomallei bacterium. Risk factors for disease include diabetes and exposure to the soil and water in which the bacterium lives. In 2012, only 4 people were officially reported to have died of melioidosis in Thailand, but microbiological records suggest the real number was closer to 696. Scientists like Direk worked with the government to improve reporting requirements and the numbers now reflect a more accurate assessment of the disease burden. More accurate official reporting can lead to more public health campaigns, resources, and support for both scientists and patients. Social media campaigns and a YouTube competition help to raise local awareness of melioidosis. The YouTube competition engages the community by allowing them to enter videos in their own dialect, which then inform others about how to minimize risk factors for melioidosis. The AMR Dictionary gives simple definitions to jargon surrounding the problem of antimicrobial resistance. The definitions are translated into multiple languages in ways that make sense with colloquialisms. For example, in Thai, many people refer to antibiotics as antiseptics or anti-inflammatory drugs, and the dictionary takes local use into consideration in its definitions.” At the link find the title, “104: Burkholderia pseudomallei and the Neglected Tropical Disease Melioidosis with Direk Limmathurotsakul, 21 Mar 2019,” right-click “Play Now,” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Michael Cohen 47 mins – “Implications of Michael Cohen’s congressional testimony. We examine his claims about President Trump’s financial dealings with Russia against what we know. “There was nothing that happened at the Trump Organization … that did not go through Mr. Trump for his approval and sign off,” Cohen said on Wednesday.” At the link left-click the down-pointing arrow and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Microbiologist 100th Episode 32 mins – “We pull back the curtain as former show hosts Merry Buckley and Carl Zimmer talk Meet the Scientist origins, favorite interviews and microbial topics. Julie’s Biggest Takeaways: Though the show started before podcasts were as popular as they are now, this didn’t pose a problem for Merry or Carl when soliciting guests – scientists were happy to have their work featured and to discuss their research. Inviting guests may involve bringing in a mix of experienced and early-career researchers, but both Merry and Carl agreed that the science is the major deciding factor when selecting guests. The ability to steer away from technical jargon and to use accessible, everyday analogies is one of the features shared by favorite guests. Carl uses the example of Bonnie Bassler, who explains bacterial quorum sensing as a communication mechanism. Delving into the personal motivations and experiences of guests can be tough, even when these experiences relate to science. Merry uses Abigail Salyers’ claim of the English teacher who supported her through her high-school pregnancy and Julie uses Ilaria Capua’s experience when falsely accused of trafficking viruses for money. Scientists can make themselves more visible to scientists and nonscientists by promoting their research on social media, particularly on Twitter.” At the link find the title, “100: It’s our 100th Episode! A retrospective into Meet the Microbiologist with Merry Buckley and Carl Zimmer, 25“ right-click “Play Nowand select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Middleman Role 23 mins – “Fred and Natasha Ruckel invented a cat toy called the Ripple Rug. It’s like a scrunched up doormat with holes in it, and for cats it’s like going to Disneyland. When the Ruckels put it up for sale on Amazon, it started selling well. It was a solid business. Then one day, Fred noticed that the Ripple Rug was also on sale on eBay–for twenty dollars more. Inflation It looked like his product. It looked like he was selling it. But he had never posted it on eBay. IT was a case of cat toy arbitrage. The eBay sellers weren’t changing the original Ripple Rug, and Frank didn’t think they were adding any value. They were just jacking up the price and pocketing the difference. This is a classic middleman scheme. It’s also a scheme that could only happen on the Internet. But the Internet was supposed to get rid of the middleman. Instead, middlemen are stronger than ever. The biggest companies on the internet are middlemen. Today on the show: Why middlemen are taking over the global economy, why there’s very little anyone can do about it, and why that could be a good thing.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Moon Landing 53 mins – “Taking place over just eight months, four perilous and eventful space missions laid the foundations for a successful Moon landing. Each pushed the boundaries of technology and revealed new insights into our own planet. As we count down to the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 Moon landing, astronaut Nicole Stott tells the story of the build-up to mankind’s giant leap. She speaks to surviving astronauts and travels to Cape Canaveral to meet the people that made the Moon landings possible. Apollo 7 was the first test of the spacecraft designed to take men to the Moon. But, with the crew tense and battling head colds, they snapped at mission control, openly ignored orders and discarded experiments. None would ever fly in space again. Apollo 8 was an audacious trial of the giant Saturn 5, a rocket that had recently failed on its previous unmanned test. The mission took three astronauts to lunar orbit, where they read from Genesis and captured images of the Earth rising above the grey lunar horizon. Apollo 9 was to be the first test of the lunar lander in Earth orbit. It also had the potential to leave two astronauts stranded in space. Its legacy, however, is astronaut Rusty Schweickart’s revelation of a world without borders. Apollo 10 was a dress rehearsal for the first Moon landing. But the crew got so carried away with the excitement, they accidentally sent the lander spinning out of control.” At the link you can listen, but not download; however, a copy is included in the blog archive.

Mueller Report 46 mins – “The Mueller report is out. Redacted by the Justice Department, shipped up to Congress and released to the public. We break it down in a special live evening broadcast.” At the link left-click the down-pointing arrow and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Multiple Sclerosis Story 27 mins – “Elizabeth Rathbun is one of more than 77,000 Canadians who live with Multiple Sclerosis. She shares her 30-year journey with the disease, and offers insight into what it’s like to live with MS, and into the health-care system.” At the link find the title, “A meaningful life,” right-click “Download A meaningful life,” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Muslim Hate Crimes Defense 11 mins – “At 16, Rana Abdelhamid started teaching self-defense to women and girls in her neighborhood. Almost 10 years later, these community classes have grown into Malikah: a global grassroots network creating safety, power and solidarity for all women. How did she do it? Abdelhamid shares three ingredients for building a movement from the ground up.” At the link left-click “Share,” right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

National Emergency Discussion 47 mins – “President Trump declares a national emergency to fund that border wall. We’ll unpack the politics and legal hurdles. Plus, we’ll touch on former FBI Deputy Director Andrew McCabe’s comments about President Trump and his interactions with the FBI.” At the link left-click the down-pointing arrow and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Organic Chemistry 16 mins – “Jakob Magolan is here to change your perception of organic chemistry. In an accessible talk packed with striking graphics, he teaches us the basics while breaking the stereotype that organic chemistry is something to be afraid of.” At the link left-click “Share,” left-click “Download,” then and “Download audio” followed by “Save File,” and “OK” from the next pop-up menu.

Parasite Cases 36 mins – “Julie’s Biggest Takeaways: Parasites are incredibly varied in many characteristics, including their size! Some are microscopic, while others are macroscopic and can be seen with the naked eye. Not just small macroscopic, although some worms at 35 cm can be considered quite large. Some tapeworms can reach 50 feet! Bobbi Pritt’s blog started as an exercise to share the cases she observed while a student at the London School of Tropical Medicine. She wanted to share these cases with students back at the Mayo Clinic, but found the audience grew to include clinical parasitologists, microbiologists, and parasite-interested people worldwide. Part of its success relies on its succinctness: a short, digestible case study with the minimum information needed to make a diagnosis. Pritt’s research focuses on developing molecular tests to detect microorganism RNA or DNA. Molecular tests can be used as a complementary diagnostic test or as the primary test, which can give healthcare workers definitive information to make therapeutic decisions much more quickly than a test that requires culturing the microorganism. One of the outstanding questions in parasitology is the relationship of Blastocystis (formerly known as Blastocystis hominis but may actually be several species) to human health. Blastocystis lives in the intestinal tract and may cause irritable bowel-like syndrome. Definitive evidence on whether Blastocystis causes intestinal disease has yet to be presented, and there is a lot of opportunity for research in this area.” At the link find the title, “106: Creepy dreadful wonderful parasites (and a few bacteria) with Bobbi Pritt, 18 Apr 2019,” right-click “Play Nowand select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Parkinsons Research Q and A 31 mins – “Earlier this month three members of The Michael J. Fox Foundation staff took questions from an audience of Foundation supporters in New York City after a panel discussion. Listen in as Contributing Editor Dave Iverson poses audience inquiries to Director of Research Programs Marco Baptista, PhD; Deputy CEO Sohini Chowdhury; and Vice President of Medical Communications Rachel Dolhun, MD.” At the link right-click “Download Audio” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Pharmacogenomics 39 mins – “In this episode, we are excited to have a special guest with us. Dr. Dyson Wake is Senior Clinical Specialist in Pharmacogenomics at NorthShore University HealthSystem’s Center for Molecular Medicine here in Chicagoland and is here to explain the current and future applications of pharmacogenomics to the area of personalized medicine, as well as expose some misconceptions.” At the link right-click “Direct download: 091-pharmacogenomics.mp3and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Planned Obsolescence 31 mins – “We made this episode with our neighbors at Throughline, the new NPR history podcast about moments from the past that shape our present. In the 1990s, Markus Krajewski and a group of his friends became obsessed with a novel that includes the story of a lightbulb. It’s a special lightbulb—one that burns forever—and there’s a group of lightbulb manufacturers who want to destroy it. The thing that Markus and his friends wanted to know was: Could any of this be real? Today on the show, we trace Markus’s journey to uncover the truth. We meet a lightbulb in California that’s been burning for more than 100 years. We learn about a 1920s global conspiracy to break the lightbulb—to get the average bulb to burn for about 1,000 fewer hours. And we discover how the forces of planned and psychological obsolescence touch products way beyond the lightbulb. It’s a story about the shadowy forces that drive us, to this day, to buy more products, more often.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Police Dept Insurance 20 mins – “What happens when a police department can no longer afford its bad behavior? In 2013, Tony Miranda was brought in to lead a police department in crisis. Bad behavior by a handful of officers had led to investigations and lawsuits with costs in the millions of dollars. That was more than the city could cover. He knew change would be difficult. But he also knew he had a powerful ally on his side: insurance coverage. On today’s show, the overlooked force motivating police departments to reform bad behavior — not protests and picket signs, but spreadsheets and actuaries. This is the story of how Irwindale, California turned its police department around.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Politician Replacement 13 mins – “César Hidalgo has a radical suggestion for fixing our broken political system: automate it! In this provocative talk, he outlines a bold idea to bypass politicians by empowering citizens to create personalized AI representatives that participate directly in democratic decisions. Explore a new way to make collective decisions and expand your understanding of democracy.” At the link left-click “Share,” left-click “Download,” then and “Download audio” followed by “Save File,” and “OK” from the next pop-up menu.

Presidential Campaign Rallies 19 mins – “President Trump’s campaign for 2020 began shortly after he won the 2016 election. Post reporter Jenna Johnson and U.S. Naval Academy professor Brendan J. Doherty explain how presidents grapple with the inherent tension between campaigning and governing.” At the link you can listen, but not download; however, a copy is included in the blog archive.

Religious Advocate 53 mins – “Princeton historian Elaine Pagels has spent her career considering early Christianity. When she lost her son and husband though, she says studying religion became an exercise in dealing with grief. Scholar Elaine Pagels has spent her career considering the earliest days of Christianity, but she never imagined including her own story in her studies. But some 30 years ago, Pagels lost her young son and husband within a year, and she says studying religion was an exercise in dealing with that grief. She’s now written a memoir that asks how religion helps us understand ourselves and each other, and how tradition gets us through our most difficult challenges. Her book is called Why Religion? Elaine Pagels is a historian who has published widely on Gnosticism and early Christianity. She’s a Professor of Religion at Princeton University, and was awarded the 2015 National Humanities Medal. Her memoir is called Why Religion? A Personal StoryAt the link right-click “Play” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Saline versus Ringers Lactate 34 mins – “In this episode, we discuss IV fluids for hospitalized patients, including normal saline (0.9% NaCl) and lactated ringer’s. In addition, we review the newest literature supporting the use of balanced crystalloids over normal saline from the SMART and SALT-ED trials.” At the link right-click “Direct download: 092-balanced_crystalloids.mp3and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Scrambling to Get Your Footing 63 mins – “The Democrats on the House Judiciary Committee may have to fight to protect Mueller’s investigation and make his report public. Now that they’re in the majority, they have new tools they can use. Our producer Zoe Chace spent weeks behind the scenes with them as they tried out their new powers for the first time. This and other stories of people scrambling to get their footing on some challenging terrain.” At the link you can listen, but must pay to download; however, a copy is included in the blog archive.

Singapore Prime Minister Interview 60 mins – “On April 15, the Center for East Asia Policy Studies at Brookings hosted Singapore’s Minister for Finance Heng Swee Keat for an address on U.S. engagement in Asia, covering both economic and strategic dimensions. Following Minister Heng’s address, Brookings Senior Fellow and Lee Kuan Yew Chair Jonathan Stromseth joined him for a conversation on this topic. Brookings President John R. Allen opened the program with welcoming remarks and introductions. Heng Swee Keat has been Singapore’s minister for finance since 2015. He was appointed first assistant secretary-general of the People’s Action Party in November 2018, and previously served as minister for education from 2011 to 2015. Prior to entering politics, Minister Heng served as the managing director of the Monetary Authority of Singapore from 2005 to 2011. He has served in various other public service positions, including as the permanent secretary of the Ministry of Trade and Industry, the chief executive officer of the Trade Development Board, and the principal private secretary to then-Senior Minister Lee Kuan Yew. After the conversation, Minister Heng answered questions from the audience.” At the link right-click “Download the Audio” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Social Evolution 16 mins – “What would a sustainable, universally beneficial economy look like? “Like a doughnut,” says Oxford economist Kate Raworth. In a stellar, eye-opening talk, she explains how we can move countries out of the hole — where people are falling short on life’s essentials — and create regenerative, distributive economies that work within the planet’s ecological limits.” At the link left-click “Share,” left-click “Download,” then and “Download audio” followed by “Save File,” and “OK” from the next pop-up menu.

Social Media Tracking 18 mins – “Did you know there’s a link between liking curly fries and your intelligence? According to social media algorithms there is. When you click a link, like a page or friend another person, you’re giving away valuable information. Researchers use data from hundreds of thousands of people looking for subtle patterns to find out details about you and track you. What they do with the results could determine your future.” At the link find the title, “April 06, 2019 Komando On Demand Social media tracks your every online move” and select “save LinkAs” from the pop-up men.

Structural Biology of Viruses 46 mins – “Erica Ollmann Saphire discusses her research on Ebola virus glycoprotein and the changing nature of structural biology. The Ebola virus glycoprotein sequence can vary up to 50% between Ebola virus species, presenting a challenge to develop pan-Ebola therapeutics or vaccines. Erica Ollmann Saphire discusses her work on antibodies that neutralize all Ebola virus species and the changing nature of the structural biology toolkit used to study them.” At the link find the title, “101: Structural Biology Insights into Ebola Virus…, 7 Feb 2019,” right-lick “Play Nowand select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Tales from the South (Vietnam) 35 mins – “Tales from the South: Episode 271 “Flyin’ Solo” Show, December 28, 2015. Featuring Lennie Dusek, Sherry Rankins-Robinson, and Deborah Carroll. Music by The Salty Dogs. Sponsored by Solo Parent Magazine.” At the link right-click the play button and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu to get the podcast pop up.

Tax Reform 24 mins – “Doing your taxes doesn’t have to be a pain. In many countries around the world, filing taxes is so easy, “tax day” isn’t even a thing. Back in 2005, a group in California decided we could make filing taxes dramatically simpler in the US as well. Lots of Americans could receive tax forms in the mail that were pre-filled out by the government. All they’d need to do is check for errors and send the forms back in. Easy as 1-2-3. (That was the slogan the state came up with). They named it: ReadyReturn. Joseph Bankman, a law professor at Stanford, thought this was such a no-brainer, that he offered to test out the idea with some California taxpayers. It turned out to be a huge success. Taxpayers raved about how great it was. Other states thought about using the plan. Even California’s governor at the time, Arnold Schwarzenegger, supported it. Bankman thought getting ReadyReturn through the California legislature would be smooth sailing. He was wrong. Today on the show, what happened when one mild-mannered professor took on the tax system and found himself up against a multibillion-dollar corporation and one of the most important power brokers in Washington.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Technology Advances 27 mins – [first item]”As more airlines ground their Boeing 737 aircraft we look at Aviation technology and how much control a pilot now has over his or her plane? Internet cameras easily hackable – An Austrian security researcher has accessed millions of IP addresses in the country and looked at what’s connected to them. His work has flagged up unsecured web cameras, printers and web servers. Christian Hascheck passed on his findings to the relevant security authorities. Squawk squad – Every year in New Zealand, 25 million native birds are killed by predators like rats, stoats and possums. Now a local social enterprise and a pest trap manufacturer have got together to use technology to trap these pests more effectively. Meshminds – More than 20 multi-sensory experiences have gone on show at the Meshminds 2.0: ArtxTechforGood in Singapore. The exhibition is part of a call to action towards meeting the UN Sustainable Development goals.” At the link you can listen, but not download; however, a copy is included in the blog archive.

Terrorism Blocking on Internet 27 mins – “A new Chrome browser extension aimed at blocking terrorist content following the mosque shooting in Christchurch in New Zealand has been launched. It blocks the alleged Christchurch shooter’s name from appearing in any search on Chrome and replaces any mention of the blocked name with the words Share No Evil. Simon Morton explains how internet service providers and mobile telecom companies in New Zealand have been blocking videos of the Christchurch attack. Digital diplomacy – Snezana Curcic reports on how the traditionally secretive world of diplomacy is now being acted out on social media. The governments of 169 countries (88 per cent of all UN members) are now on Facebook, and Denmark even has an Ambassador to Silicon Valley. Wifi on the metro – How is the mobile broadband on your city’s metro system? Great if you commute in Moscow, Rome, Tokyo, Barcelona, Hong Kong or Melbourne. However other cities don’t fare so well. In London WiFi is available at stations but there is no connectivity in the tunnels. Wired’s Business Editor Katia Moskvitch has been finding out why there are such differences. Building Information Modelling – How can tech make building quicker and more economical? Using a system called BIM! It stands for Building Information Modelling and works by constructing a building twice – firstly digitally and then physically. But it’s much more complicated than just creating a virtual model as Thayla Zomer from the Centre for Digital Built Britain at the University of Cambridge explains.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Twelve Truths 16 mins – “A few days before she turned 61, writer Anne Lamott decided to write down everything she knew for sure. She dives into the nuances of being a human who lives in a confusing, beautiful, emotional world, offering her characteristic life-affirming wisdom and humor on family, writing, the meaning of God, death and more.” At the link left-click “Share,” right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Vanguard Index Fund Creation 23 mins – “In 2006, Warren Buffett bet a million dollars that over ten years, his investment in the most brainless, boring fund would do better than the investment of some of the smartest hedge fund managers in the world. Today on the show, we look at how that bet turned out. Also, we reflect on the life of the creator of that very boring, but influential fund: John Bogle. Bogle died last week, but his creation lives on in the trillions of dollars invested in index funds.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Venous Thromboembolism Treatment 18 mins – “Associate Professor Huyen Tran is Head of the Haemostasis and Thrombosis Unit at Alfred Health, and Monash University in Melbourne. He discusses new Australasian guidelines for the diagnosis and management of venous thromboembolism. With MJA news and online editor Cate Swannell.” At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Weight Estimation by Crowds 19 mins – “About one hundred years ago, a scientist and statistician named Francis Galston came upon an opportunity to test how well regular people were at answering a question. He was at a fair where lots of people were guessing the weight of an ox, so he decided to take the average of all their guesses and compare it to the correct answer. What he found shocked him. The average of their guesses was almost exactly accurate. The crowd was off by just one pound. This eerie phenomenon—this idea that the crowd is right—drives everything from the stock market to the price of orange juice. So, we decided to test it for ourselves. We asked Planet Money listeners to guess the weight of a cow.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.” At the link right-click “Download” and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

YouTube Toxic Videos 47 mins – “Bloomberg reports that YouTube staffers wanted to curb the spread of toxic and incendiary videos on the site. But executives wouldn’t do it. We look at accusations that YouTube prioritizes engagement over safety.-pointing At the link right-click the down-pointing arrow and select “Save Link As” from the pop-up menu.

Thanks for stopping by.

About virginiajim

Retired knowledge nut.
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